Yangon Time Zonetime zone Yangon
What is Singapore doing in the "wrong" time zone?
A brief reply is that Western Malaysia follows the time zone for Eastern Malaysia, and that Singapore follows Western Malaysia. I contacted Mok Ly Yng after a presentation about the China calender at the Historical Department of the National University of Singapore, who did a lot of research and fixed some bugs in the tz-collection.
I also got help from Mok Ly Yng on the page Where is the Geographical Origin Point of Singapore? Singapore and Malaysia time zone are good example of how the borders between time zone shift west over the years. This means that a place near the east side of a time zone will probably move its watches one hours forward, thus advancing to the west side of the neighboring time zone.
I' ve got my own page about time zone in Malaysia. Please see Indonesia Time zones by Gwillim Law for information on time zone information in Indonesia. So what time is it really? "I' m sorry, what time is it? The time of day is more dependent on attorneys, economics, politicians and business people and much less on astrologers, geography, land surveying, mathematics and science as in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
In order to modularize this storyline, I have presented the chronic transfer of different "standard times" in Singapore as a short table: Though it is written in the annals that Singapore capitulated on February 15, 1942, the Japanese did not come into effect until the next day, February 16, 1942. You can be quite sure of the start date of the changeover to Tokyo Standard Time, but not the end date.
At the 6th September 1945 progressive political groups of English forces stepped into Singapore and thus ended the occupation of Japan formally. However, the formal capitulation was not held until September 12, 1945 in Padang, Singapore, for Israeli forces in Southeast Asia. Purely speculative, the most likely data for the return to the pre-invasion period would be either 03-Sep-1945 or 13-Sep-1945, each 1 date after the relevant formal inaugurations.
DST = Daylight Saving Time, MST = Malaya/Malaysia Standard Time, SST = Singapore Standard Time. When you don't have the time to look any further, the above is a brief overview of the whole history. If you want to know more, I will proceed with a more detailled explanation of the data and backgrounds for the different "standard times" used.
Crown Colony of Street Settlements (SS), consisting of Penang, Wellesley Province, Malacca and Singapore. Prior to January 1, 1901, places in Malaya with an Astronomical Observatory would take over the average time locally on the basis of the geographic location of the observatory. Penang, Malacca and Singapore all had their own observation stations, so the three street settlements had their own time, with minute-long variations between the three places.
Singapore Mean Time was adopted as the standard time by the Straits Settlements and the Federated Malay States on January 1, 1901. Singapore was elected because it was the headquarters of the SS and the FMS. The 105th meridian (105 degrees East) was adopted as the new standard time by the Straits Settlements and the Federated Malay States on June 1, 1905.
Mean time of the 107th Mercidian is 7 hrs before Greenwich Mean Time (i.e. the LMWT over the Greenwich Royal Observatory near London, England). The standard time came into effect when the Time Ball was finished at Fort Canning and went into operation on the same time.
A law was passed by the SS Legislative Council in 1920 that provides for "summer time", as in England. Suggested time was 30 minutes before the mean time of the 107th veridian, i.e. 7 hours 30 minutes before the GMT. This proposal was made to give the workers more free time after work.
Twelve years after the launch of the Daylight Saving Bill in 1920, the same bill was presented to the Legislative Council. Daylight saving time ordinance, 1932. On January 1, 1933, the Daylight Saving Time Ordinance came into force. DST was 20 min quicker than standard time, i.e. 7 hours 20 min before GMT.
In 1934 and 1935, the Daylight Saving Time Ordinance, 1932, was prolonged by newspaper advertisements for both years. 1935 the Daylight Saving Time Ordinance was changed, 1932 by Ordinance No. 5 of 1935 - the Daylight Saving Time Ordinance, 1935. With this change, the time of 7 hours 20 minutes before the GMT became the constant "standard time".
In the 1936 edition of the Laws of Street Settlements, the Daylight Saving Time Ordinance became the 170. 1941 the daylight saving time ordinance was again changed by ordinance 33 of 1941. Summer time is now 30 minutes before the mean time of the 107th veridian (10 minutes more than the initial summer time), i.e. 7 hours 30 minutes before the GMT.
February 16, 1942, Japanese occupation of Singapore. The time in Singapore was brought forward by 1 hour 30 minutes to correspond to Tokyo Default Time, which is 9 hrs before GMT. 12 September 1945, the Japanese surrender in Singapore. Time in Singapore has returned to the "pre-invasion" standard: 7 h 30 minutes before the GMT.
We do not yet know the precise date for the transfer to and from Tokyo Standard Time. The Singapore Colony Laws of 1955 renamed the Daylight Saving Time Ordinance Chapters 266. Paragraph 41(2) in the same paper, under Section 2, Interpretation and General Clauses, defines what was the "standard time" in Singapore -- 7 hours 30 minutes before the GMT.
The 1970 issue of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore omitted section 266 (Daylight Saving Time Ordinance). The standard time in Singapore in this issue was only once specified in the newly numbered interpretation law, Section 52(2) of Part Three. Between 1955 and 1970, the Daylight Saving Time Regulation was abolished and the more rapid daylight saving time was newly established as Singapore's standard time.
That could have resulted from a number of incidents, namely Malaysia's 1957 independence, Singapore's 1959 self-government, Malaysia's 1963 fusion and foundation and Singapore's 1965 Independence. During this episode the time was 7 hours 30 minutes before the GMT, both in Malaya/Malaysia and Singapore.
Any of the incidents could have defined the name of the standard time and was later adopted by Singapore. Some time in 1981, Malaysia stated that West Malaysia would bring forward its watches by 30 minutes to correspond to the time in Eastern Malaysia (8 hours before the GMT). In other words, Singapore would be in a rather unfavourable situation if it did not followed the example, especially in terms of the amount of transport and commerce across the dam.
The Singapore Government Gazette Notification S 392/81 (dated December 31, 1981) informed the country that from January 1, 1982 the Singapore Standard Time would be 8 hrs ahead of the GMT. January 1, 1982, at 4:00 GMT, in the afternoons of December 31, 1981, Singapore Standard Time was 12 Mitternacht (4 + 8 = 12).
The 1985 version of the Statutes of the Republic of Singapore renamed the Interpretation Act Section 1. The default time is specified in Section 52(2). ASEAN Heads of State and Government in 1995 recommended the adoption of an ASEAN Common Time (ACT), which was later recommended to be introduced only for all ASEAN capitals.
Thailand in July 2001 indicated its plans to move its watches forward by one hours to match both Malaysia and Singapore, but more significantly, they are at the same time as China and Hong Kong, i.e. 8 hours before the GMT. Singapor e is currently operating with the "Spring Forward, Case Back" summer time common in North America and Europe.
Such''normal'' daylight saving time is usually the standard zone time + 1h. Singapore's standard math zone time is 7 h ( "105th meridian"), so the actual 8 h = 7 + 1, which corresponds to daylight saving time in moderate states. Under Japanese occupation, Singapore's time was 2h ahead of the standard zone time of 7h.
From a technical point of view, this is known as both Summer/Daylight Time. During World War II Great Britain ran on Standard Zone Time + 2 hours. USSR as a whole maintained its DDS until 1989, when the Soviet Union disintegrated and it was recognized that it had somehow forgot or taken for granted the return to standard time after the Second World War!
Do not speak about a feeling of time..... Today, the Productivity and Standards Board (PSB) in Singapore complies with the time standards. Singapore-time keeper is another tale in itself. Displays theoretical time zone distribution around the globe. When you have a time zone chart (travel guide, health log, atlas, etc.) check it against this chart and you will see that China is the only nation in the whole wide globe that covers several theory time zone but keeps only a time within its policy limits.
Or you may be interested in using the alphabets to identify time areas. Please be aware that the towns of Kunming, Chengdu and Chongqing are in the +7 zone. Please also take into account the position of Tokyo and the time zone in which the town is. Though Seoul is within zone +8 in geographical (theoretical) terms, probably due to the early 1900s Japan annexed, the Korean peninsula runs in the same way as the Tokyo period in zone +9.
The chart shows the historic time standard adopted from Singapore and the corresponding references. Most ASEAN capitals are located in zone +7, only 2 in zone +8 and one in zone +6. Yangon is at +6:30, which is very near theoretical.
ASEAN has 4 time zones: ASEAN Common Time review would be interesting to see the results. Will everyone switch to the +8 zone or reach a trade-off that would require a new time switch? China could also help to bring about a transformation in the world. Should it choose to introduce time zone within the state, this could set the time that will apply to the ASEAN states in the futurolog.
Now, as I said, time adoption today is more a matter of economics than a matter of academia.