Yangon Population 2015Population 2015
Myanmar: Urbanisation at an early but increasing phase
The measurement of a ten-year period of spatial growth shows that the state is in an early but expanding phase of urbanisation. From 2010 there were no large areas in Myanmar by Far Eastern criteria, but Yangon and Mandalay were medium-sized with one to five million inhabitants. Myanmar's urbanisation during the first ten years of the 2000s remained behind that of its neighbours, probably as a consequence of Myanmar's economical independence, which lasted until around 2010.
Although it is one of the bigger geographical areas of the area, more than twice as large as Vietnam or Malaysia, it had less than a third of the metropolitan area of Vietnam and a fifth of the metropolitan area of Malaysia. Over the same time span, the amount of municipal area in the county rose from 760 sq. km to 830, an annual rise of 0.8%, one of the smallest increases in the area.
Though the population of the countryside remained largely predominantly rustic, the city population grew more rapidly than the geographical area. Myanmar's population in the metropolitan areas of Myanmar rose from 4.7 million in 2000 (10% of the population) to 6.2 million in 2010 (13% of the population). In 2000, the concentration of city areas was 6,200 inhabitants per km2, rising to 7,500 by 2010.
These densities were above the regional metropolitan area averages in the entire Far Eastern area and were the second highest growth in densities after Indonesia. From 2010 there were no large city areas by Far Eastern criteria in Myanmar, but two medium-sized areas in the order of 1 to 5 million inhabitants, Yangon and Mandalay.
Myanmar's biggest city area is Yangon. In geographic terms, however, it hardly increased during this timeframe and between 2000 and 2010 it increased by 0.5% per year from 370 km2 to 390 km2. Yangon's population increased by 2.6% per year from 2.6 million to 3.4 million.