Yangon City Development ProjectThe Yangon City Development Project
For Mindanma Secondary Central Busines District, the four sub-center complexes are designed with a trading centre, conference centre, community centre, logistics, information technologies and information system centre, trading, shopping and tourism centres, a sport centre, an entertainment centre and an inner harbour. According to the article, new urban development plans are in the pipeline for Thilawa New City, Southwest New City, Dagon East New City and Dala New City.
New Yangon City Project: View of a city planner
Yangon covered about 80 square kilometers (about 207 square kilometers) in 1988. Since then, the city has expanded over three centuries and today comprises more than 300 square kilometres (777 square kilometres). He has been working in the area of town and country architecture for about 50 years and has never seen another city that has more than trebled in such a brief time.
The Yangon government, however, plans to further extend the city through the construction of the "New Yangon City" project. "A number of project related issues are warranted, such as: Do we need more landfor our current and forthcoming work? Will Yangon's property and house price increase so much that we need to open up new areas around Yangon?
Does the Yangon metropolitan area' s infrastructures, such as public utilities, sewerage and sewerage, roads, etc.? It is obvious that these big problems Yangon faces should be tackled in the design of the new city. Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC) provides the city with over 200 million galons of drinking every single night, which should be more than enough for the 5.2 million population in Yangon, based on a figure of 30 galons per capita per day, which is the default for Myanmar's higher earners.
But only 330,000 of the 1.1 million Yangon houses (or 28 percent) are hooked up to the city's public utilities; the remainder get their supplies from various springs, mostly subterranean wells. Some 660,000 or 61 per cent of each household are supplied with electric energy and have metering panels (based on 2014 data).
About 50 per cent of the Yangon countryside is flooded by strong rainfall, which is not only an discomfort but also a risk to human life. The only way to alleviate this problem is to draw up an overall sewerage management concept for the entire city. Seven per cent of Yangon's seven Yangon CBD boroughs are connected to the main sewerage system, 65 per cent use cesspools or flying cesspools and 29 per cent use unhygienic waste management schemes (based on 2014 data).
More than 5 million people commutate every single workingday - around 30 per cent have to travel more than three hour a days. Historically, 46 per cent of all Yangon's business and culture facilities are in the CBD or adjacent areas such as Bahan, Kyimyindaung, Sanchaung, etc.. It is only 10 per cent of the city's area.
As a result of this zoning scheme, this high-density industrial area is the target for 43 per cent of all everyday commuteers. Single-centre use of the country is the major cause of road jams and slower movements. For a long time, town and country authorities and transport specialists have been recommending a gradual diversification of this zoning model and the design of several sub-centres in outlying areas.
One of the related causes of bottlenecks is the sectoral breakdown of the workforce in Yangon. Out of the city's workforce, 11 per cent are in the public and 80 per cent in the third and only 9 per cent in the industry area. The high proportion of people working in the third tier of the labour market is contributing to the surplus of street sellers and also to transport issues.
In the area of indusrial development, the city has about 20,000 commercial areas, of which only 60 per cent are inhabited and used. The 2:1 FDI to ROCE ratios are an important impediment to flows of investments into the Yangon and Myanmar industry sectors in general. The Yangon has a very unequal demographic spread; the old areas with relatively good infrastructures have a density of 10,000 to 50,000 inhabitants per square kilometre, while the newer, less prosperous areas lie between 7,000 and 15,000.
About 40 per cent of Yangon's people live in these impoverished, underdeveloped areas. These inequalities in demographic distributions contribute to transport and transport issues and contribute to socially segregated life. Since 1988, around 200 square kilometres (approx. 500 square kilometres) have been incorporated into the urban area in the shape of urban expansions.
Some 17,000 hectares in the north-east of the city are still empty, and there are several thousand hectares of privately owned businesses that are also not used. All of these open spaces are well located near Minglardon Garden City, the ring road and on the major road to the proposed Hanthawaddy airport.
The development of these areas means no extra space losses and no extra costs for footbridges and driveways. Yangon has never had a steady property and house price trend; the volatility has been common, but has been declining since 2014 (see Figure 1). The most important of all the reasons put forward for or against the urban enlargement project is "to foster harmonious and united nationalities".
" In 2014 Yangon had 5.2 million inhabitants, four more than Myanmar's second biggest city, Mandalay. The Yangon region has the highest per capita GNP in the Union and, in the areas of healthcare, jobs and educational institutions, the people of Yangon enjoy the best that the Union has to provide.
New Yangon City is expected to employ about 2 million workers, representing a global work force of about 8 million. If Yangon's 5 million inhabitants and the country's rapid pace of expansion are included, the result would be a huge metropolitan area with around 14-15 million inhabitants. There have been plans for cities and expansion programmes around the world since the Second World War, among them Chandigarh in India (today around 1 million inhabitants), Brasilia in Brazil (2.5 million), Islamabad in Pakistan (1 million) and Putrajaya in Malaysia (for around 200,000 inhabitants).
New Yangon City's current plans exceed them all in numbers and jobs. Following this authorisation period, it will be necessary for EU departments with expertise and expertise in this area to cooperate and provide support as early as the design work. Dr. Kyaw Lat is an experienced architectural and architectural researcher in the Department of Human Settlements and Housing Development, Ministry of Construction, United Nations Center for Human Settlements (Habitat), as Associate professor at the Yangon and Mandalay Technical University, as Associate Professor at the Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Germany, and before retiring as an advisor to the Yangon City and Development Council from 2011 to 2016.