Why does the us call Myanmar BurmaAbout Myanmar: Why is the US calling Burma?
The new focus of international relations is Burma.
Myanmar / Burma - why should you call it like this?
However, if you look at the pre-military formalities, it was Myanmar, or more precisely the Union of Myanmar in Burma. However, Union of Burma in English. Burma's legal "English" name was "Union of Burma", in BURMESE document it was "Pyidaungsu Myanmar Naingan" (Union of Myanmar).
Anyway, after the 1988 junta defeat, the junta thought that it could put a stop to minority groups if they dropped "Bamar" and completely adopted Myanmar. Point, point. Actually, minority groups within the DID have a preference. However, NLD and NLD leaders Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, then under detention, turned against the new name because the amendment was made by an undemocratically-elected military regime.
She doesn't think it's so important to her anymore, now she's part of the state. The UN has taken over Myanmar since the 1990s and the Myanmar authorities have now extended the name of the Republic of Myanmar. This is actually a promising signal for minority groups, as it could be an augury that the federal system could be the next step.
Although...... it seems less promising that the army is really intensifying the attacks against minority groups. This could predict that the army would like very favourable terms for the German federal administration if it comes to an amicable settlement. By the way, the ruling party has also renamed the place and capital to its Myanmar name.
I used to call Rangoon, Yangon in Burmese, but had to interpret it into English when I spoke to other people. And so on with other city titles.
Maybe it's a good idea to call it'Burma' again.
Burma remains a step backwards in terms of economic and social change. Myanmar, or Burma as some folks like to call it, has become very negligent in recent years, and its followers urge it to be patient and sympathetic when it tries to change. That was underlined by the recent US President Barack Obama's recent US-East Asia meeting to get further refinements out of Naypyidaw and President Thein Sein.
Thein Sein and his colleagues in the army see their efforts to persuade the rest of the worid that real transformation is more and more doomed to doom. Ever since the US has gone, policy manoeuvres have reduced the chance that US leaders Aung San Suu Kyi will run in the next elections; US businesses were protected from penalties at registration in Singapore; the speed of Rohingya's escape from prosecution has increased; and peaceful negotiations with Kachin insurgents have suffered a shock after a cabinet assault killed 20 and injured another 16 more.
The handling of sectarian and ethnical diversity has never been Thein Sein's strength. Over 100,000 Muslim Rohingya have escaped by ship from Buddhist Myanmar in the last two years, more than 15,000 since mid-October. At the Kachin Front, just one of many ethnical insurgent groups that have been struggling against the regime for years and claiming ten thousand dead, transient cease-fires have been put in place, but lasting peace agreements have proven difficult.
Hkun-ja, the mediator, said that a resumption of cease-fire negotiations between the two sides was now inconclusive. In the meantime, the lower chamber chair, Shwe Mann, who wants to run for the presidential office next year, has said that changes to the constitution that prevent Suu Kyi from challenging the chairmanship - because her kids are UK citizens - and giving the army a legal power of attorney - could only be amended after a new parliamentary term has been called.
The opening-up of Myanmar has been criticised as merely an occasion to legitimise a number of illicit and questionable commercial interests. This allowed the commanding general to retain the wealth they had accumulated over 50 years of dictatorship by exchanging uniform, with the consent of the West, for corporate wear that was rightly designed to ensure that the land emerged from an almost North Korean state.
Being Thein was keen to say what the advanced worid wants to listen to, and he has the advantage of many doubt, which includes widespread support for decade-long pressure from general leaders to free the land from the name "Burma" and instead take on "Myanmar" - a name that is difficult to reverberate.
During his travels Obama was angry by naming it Myanmar, which runs counter to the policies of the US State Department, which still favors the name Burma. Maybe it's a good day for Obama to listen to his own red tape, and the remainder of us can just call it Burma.