Where us BurmaAbout Burma
Convicting the Burma military's use of force against the civilian population of Rohingya. She has also sharply criticized Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel Peace Prize winner and de facto Burma's de facto ruler, for not doing enough to defend the Rohingya, who have been stateless for more than three centuries, according to her criticisms.
However, where human rights groups and westerner countries see the most oppressed ethnic group in the hemisphere, the Burmese administration (also known as Myanmar) and an vast vast majority of its population see a segregated group driven by Islam and financed from the North. It is this distinction in cognition that makes any solution to the Rohingya problem extremly inconvenient.
Tension between Bengali-speaking Muslims and Buddhists in Rakhine State has been going on for years - some would say even hundreds - but the most important turning point came in 1982, when the Burmese Junta adopted a bill that identifies eight ethnic groups claiming nationality. The Rohingya were not among them, although they were equally important since Burma's independence from Britain in 1948.
Since then the Rohingya have been prosecuted, constantly losing their prerogatives and becoming a victim of force. This was the most serious of all the rapes that occurred in 2012 following the raping of a Buddhaist women who were supposedly raped by Moslem men. This led to mass repression of the Rohingya and forced 140,000 of them into camp for IDPs.
As a result of transnational pressures, the junta's junta agreed to give the Rohingya a diminished level of nationality if they would register as Bengal rather than Rohingya. Though many Muslims in Rakhine State were previously unimportant as they were labelled, the years of repression, coupled with the kind of nationality that they were given, made the offering inedible.
"Acticians and ringleaders in the[Rohingya] fellowship are very protectiv. Rohingya is a particularly burdensome term for the Myanmar authorities. For if the Rakhine Muslim regime recognizes Muslims as members of the Rohingya people, then under the 1982 Act of Nationality - the same ironic measures that deprived the Rohingya of nationality - Muslims would be given an autonomic territory within the state.
This is the heart of the problem: The people of Burma are concerned that an autonomic area of Rohingya on the Bangladesh-borders could come at the cost of the Rakhine area. Burma's armed forces, which has taken action against the civilian population of Rohingya, sees this as a possible location for terrorist groups such as arssa.
"In the West, this anxiety is felt very profoundly and not fully grasped - and it comes from a true place in Burma's history," Mitchell said. This" true place" goes back to the period after the Second World War, when the Rohingya ancestors called on Pakistan, which then also encompassed present-day Bangladesh, to capture their area.
As a result, many of the Muslims took up arms and struggled until the 1960' against a separationist insurgency, with the remains of the insurgency continuing until the 1990'. Rakhines themselves are an ethnical group in Burma, although they are predominantly Buddhists, and therefore have the same beliefs as almost 88 per cent of the remainder of the population.
This may seem preposterous in a 4 per cent Moslem nation, but it is an issue that many people in Burma have raised, pointing to ARSA's increasing involvement in Rakhine and the area. As Bangladesh has observed the group's activities on its territory with increasing concerns, it has suggested that it engage in armed action against Burma.
Burma's authorities, under strong global pressures, have tried to find a way to solve this problem by appointing a committee under Kofi Annan, the former UN Secretary-General. However, just a few hrs after this bulletin was published, the Arcade conducted its assaults and led the army to crack down and subsequently accuse the Rohingya of racial purge.
Aung San Suu Kyi was widely denounced for her conflicting statements about the Rohingya and her silences about the violent treatment of them. Their Nobel Prize winners Desmond Tutu and Malala Yousafzai have called on them to defend the Rohingya. She was also sentenced this weeks address for not mentioning the Rohingya racial clean-up.
Myanmar's leaders have made repeated appeals to the world to work with the people of Burma to find a settlement. The original figure in this paper was 135 for the number of ethnic groups in Burma eligible for nationalities.