Where is Myanmar Located in AsiaWhat is Myanmar in Asia?
Southwest Asia & Indian Ocean
Situated between the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh and Assam, Nagaland and Manipur of India and Nepal in the north-west. Its longest border with Tibet and Yunnan of China in the north-east for a combined distance of 2,185 km (1,358 miles). Burma is bordered by Laos and Thailand in the SE and has a 1,930 km long coast along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in the SE, which makes up a third of its area.
Many of Myanmar is located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator. Burma is located in the Asian tsunamis area, whose coastline receives more than 5,000mm (197in) per year. Sluggisheconomicgrowth has helped to preserve much of the world' s natural and ecosystem resources. Woods, which include thick rainforest and precious lower Myanmar' s treasure of tea wood, occupy over 49% of the state.
Phuket's south is the most appealing tourist area. of the Mergui Archipelago, which encompasses 800 inhabited archipelagos and an area of over 10,000 square mile. Permissions can be obtained through your harbour agents to sail all but a few but must be requested at least one months before your flight's scheduled departure.
In Southeast Asia, Thailand is a land between Malaysia, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia. It is a democratic parliament and a constituent state. Bhumibol Adulyadej, who has ruled since 1946, is their present kings. He' the longest acting president in the whole wide globe. Thailand's premier is Abhisit Vejjajiva, who took up his post in December 2008.
Burma and the future of Asia's new great game
Myanmar, after 49 years of restricted interactions with the global fellowship, is quickly becoming a precious tactical and commercial stakeholder for various local actors as it begins to relax its powerful armed forces. Whereas the United States previously decided to separate and sanction the military-led government through imposing criminal and financial penalties, China has been most concerned with Myanmar's army Junta.
India and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) have decided to work constructively with the state. As Myanmar opens its gates, its increasing importance is becoming clear. Myanmar is anticipated to be becoming more and more the focus of outside forces with its unexploited nature reserves, the great market opportunities and the geographical strategy linking South and Southeast Asia (and the Chinese mainland).
They' are turning their once limited interaction with Myanmar into more collaboration. Burma can be a trade route from South Asia to South East Asia and continental China to South East Asia. This is also a state where other states have an interest in limiting China's power and could therefore be the next area in which geo-political competitiveness between superpowers is concerned.
In Myanmar, the shift in political leadership from the army to a quasi-civilian regime led various outside players to re-examine and rebuild ties with the state. The United States has re-established unsustainable levels of foreign-trade trade in most goods, loosened investment-related penalties, revived bi-lateral ties through ambassador exchanges, facilitated the USID mission's comeback, lifted Myanmar's visas ban on Myanmar civil servants and assisted Myanmar's ASEAN-chair.
Myanmar benefitted from this after a long spell of economical and politic segregation due to the reduced activity of multinationals in the nation and the reduced interactions of its administration with non-governmental organisations. Myanmar's developing indigenous countryside and developing part in the United States.
The US administration has in recent years supported Myanmar's road to democratization by supporting Burma's constitution reform and improving people' s lives, and by urging the army to be neutral in its policy. The US Congress, however, is hesitant to continue supporting Myanmar because of its gradual reform and its failure to combat the statelessness of the Rohingya people.
For this reason, the United States is therefore asked to address these matters of governance to Myanmar and to keep an eye on these changes. But while Myanmar has normalized its relationship with the United States after a long time of foreign disaffection, its relationship with China has been reversed. During Myanmar's separation from the West, China's most intimate foreign counterpart, its political clout, is gradually diminishing.
Myanmar's increasing nationality and anti-Chinese sentiment about the repressive and exploitation character of its cultural heritage in Myanmar and its indigenous population will need to be addressed. In spite of its adverse effects, China's considerable investment in infrastructural development and industry and production import will maintain its strong China's impact.
The Directorate of Investment and Company Administration of Myanmar reported that China's investment totaled approximately 26 per cent of China's overall investment abroad as of April 30, 2015, making it the biggest single investment in Myanmar. As Myanmar's economy develops, more China companies are likely to expand their production, telecom, hotel and tourist operations and their investment in electricity production and offshore petroleum and cogeneration.
Over the long run, China is likely to increase its financial leverage to obtain Myanmar's natural and natural resource base as the country's economies expand. The EU also wants to promote the internal provinces' internal economies and poverty in the west, especially in Yunnan. As Myanmar is a neighbouring country, China's policy seems to be aimed at reducing the imbalances between its east and west spars.
In addition to its commercial value, Myanmar's position is an important connecting factor for China's growth in South and Southeast Asia. But there are frontier safety concerns that China needs to address in order to fully exploit Myanmar's intrinsic value. In March 2015, for example, Myanmar Air Force struck back the Kokang Myanmar National Democratic Alliance ethnical army with a bombing device that hit the sugar cane fields in Yunnan and killed four Chinese.
These cases of violent conflicts between the Myanmar army and populations spreading along China's border have led the China administration to put diplomatic urgency on Myanmar to tackle the problem. Ongoing involvement with India could reduce China's impact in Myanmar. Myanmar is not only an alternate trading lane to Southeast Asia, but is also a potential powerhouse for India.
The reason for this is that Myanmar is the tenth biggest in the global economy with around 3.2 billion bcm of extractable petroleum and an estimate of 2.5 trillion cuM. India, unlike China, has not yet fully exhausted its current investment due to the absence of Myanmar natural-gas importers.
Furthermore, relations between India and Myanmar are projected to enhance the domestic economy on India's north-eastern frontiers. India's common landmarks with Myanmar, like China, are seen as underdeveloped and instable due to the country's countryside poor and the flow of illicit weapons and drugs trafficking. The development of business co-operation with Myanmar thus offers an opportunities for the development of India's north-eastern boundaries through cross-border trading.
After its laudable presidency in 2014, ASEAN has shown Myanmar more appreciation. Myanmar chaired the ASEAN member states' local organisation and was host to the 2009 meeting, despite the logistics and the various humanitarian concerns that the countries have faced during its presidency.
In the framework of interregional and interregional cooperation, however, Myanmar needs to address the synchronisation of its internal policy and the enhancement of its infrastructure in order to further strengthen the organisation's credentials in guiding intergration towards a coherent fellowship.
What is at risk for Myanmar? Myanmar is experiencing changes in internal and geographical conditions that have helped it grow in importance. Outside stakeholders see benefits in winning Myanmar because of its geo-strategic position and commercial payoff. Over the long run, these countries will significantly increase their impact in the state. Myanmar, for its part, must be able to work together efficiently with them and reconcile their competitive interests with its own strategic interests.
That should encourage Myanmar to pursue a fair and equitable overseas political agenda with warm relationships in its neighbourhood. It is crucial as it tries to re-establish its reputation as a region and as a good player in the global market. Diversifying outside partnership and pro-active involvement in the field of diplomacy will enable Myanmar to re-establish its autonomy and then maximise its political and economical choices.
Myanmar should pursue its internal policy while foreign policy has recently been improving as a result of policy reform. The EU must maintain its commitment to reform and social policy stableness by neutralising the heavy grasp of government, minimising pre-emptive conflict and dealing with humanitarian questions, all of which are key factors for greater funding and diplomacy from the wider world, particularly from the Western world.
Finally, the resilience of Myanmar's internal and reconstitutional reform, reflecting its engagement for a solid democratic system, will be crucial to its external policies. Mr. P. Credo is an expert in international affairs at the Center for International Relations and Strategic Studies (CIRSS) of the FSS Institute in the Philippines.