Where is Burma on the World MapWho is Burma on the world map?
Mystery: Human Rights Watch World Report 2001: Burma: trends in human rights
Burma's authorities have taken no action to alleviate its terrible track record in terms of respect for people. As before, the governing State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) pursued a policy of marginalising the democracy through imprisonment, harassment and restriction of fundamental freedoms. In spite of denunciation at home and abroad, the system of compulsory labour remains in place.
Serious breaches of the principles of international civil liberties and compassionate justice have persisted in the war-affected areas of East Burma. There the Shan State Army-South (SSA-S), the Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) and the Karen National Union (KNU) and some other smaller groups continue their refusals to accept a ceasefire with the regime, as other insurgents had done, but they were no longer able to maintain significant territories.
Ten thousand village dwellers in the controversial areas have stayed evicted in resettlement areas or within the area. In addition, the SDC refused its members of the public the right to express their opinions, to form associations, to hold meetings and to move around. Aung San Suu Kyi, the SPDC's anti-NLD speech became more and more extrem.
In his March 27 Armed Services Day speech, Snr-Gen Than Shwe demanded that the powers that undermine the country's resilience be removed. At a May 18 news briefing, several Myanmar officers referred to the links between the NLD and rebels along the Thai-Burmese frontier, and on September 4, Myanmar's formal information committee reiterated this accusation in a news item after Burma's NLD head office was attacked by Burma's military in Rangoon.
During the year, the SSDC freed several high-ranking detainees, but kept arresting those involved in peacebuilding. On December 19, NLD youth member Tun Zaw Zaw Zaw, also known as Tun Tint Wai, was dismissed for health reasons after his mom asked him to treat an ocular sickness.
Former publisher of the business journal Danna, Moe Thu (Sein Myint) was dismissed on 3 January 2000 following the passing of his family. At the 22nd of May the regime freed Cho Nwe Oo, who had been imprisoned since 1995 for a protests against the burial of former premier U Nu.
There are six older men in the administration, five of whom are said to be NLD members, just after the UN Secretary-General's UN Secretary-General's ambassador to Burma, Razali Ismail, asked for the men and other detainees to be freed during his October 2000 trip to Burma. After fierce protest by the UK State Department over a report that Mawdsley was captured and a declaration by the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Imprisonment that he was illegally detained, the UK authorities on 20 October freed UK campaigner James Mawdsley.
Mr. Barnes was serving a year of seventeen years in prison for the distribution of pro-democracy pamphlets in Burma. At the 24th of April the Social Democratic Party of Germany arrest a member of the committee representing the People's Parliament (CRPP), the NLD's shadows legislation. In the same months, the NLD arrest by the regime of over a hundred NLD members was an obvious effort to repress protest on the occasion of the 10th anniversaries of the 1990 elections.
In addition, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has monitored the situation of several thousand detainees and has been able to set up agencies in Kengtung in Shan State, Pa-an State in Karen State and Moulmein State in Mon State to oversee the situation of the civilian population in East Burma. Last August 24, Burma authorities took steps to stop the free movements of NLD Secretary-General Aung San Suu Kyi, Deputy Chairman Tin Oo and a dozen other members of the political parties by driving their two cars off the Dala highway on the Rangoon sidelines.
Goverment troops declined to allow the NLD to go to the NLD base in Kunyangon, 30 leagues from the capitol, and asked them to go back to Rangoon on "security issues. On the previous morning, the NLD had been attacked and a large number of papers seized by police. According to the administration, the roundup revealed devastating proof that members of the NLD helped rebel groups bootleg explosive into Burma and locked nine members of the NLD National Liberation Army Police Directorate into their houses until an inquiry was completed.
However, on September 21, the Chinese authorities blockaded an offer by Suu Kyi and other NLD members to take the rail to Mandalay. Its nine members were still in office in October 2000. Unrestricted use of hard labour for developing infrastructures, building Buddhist settlements, maintaining armed forces bases and porting troops to patrol the United States.
The ILO's mission reported once again urged the ILO to stop the use of hard labour, abolish or change the community's laws on hard labour, supervise observance and punish those who have done so. Burma's Labour Minister, Major General Tin Ngwe, sent a May 27 message to the ILO General Manager saying that SADC leadership "have taken and are taking the necessary steps to make sure that there are no cases of hard labour in Myanmar.
" However, the ILO meeting came to the conclusion that the SDC had not ended the exercise and gave the SDC until November 2000 to initiate reform or impose possible sanction. An ILO mission went to Rangoon on 19 October to check whether there was still hard labour. Ten thousand village dwellers in the war zones of Shan State, Karenni State, Karen State, Mon State and the Tenasserim Divisions to the east stayed in resettlement areas and were subjected to curfew, plundering and restricted movements by the Myanmar military.
In the resettlement areas of the Myanmar authorities, Burma's escapees have been subject to severe curfews that prohibit residents from evacuating their houses between twilight and daybreak, and in some cases prohibit speech and impose a strong off-light policies. Ten thousand other village dwellers in the east and southeast of Burma stayed exiled in the woods or areas fought over by the military and rebel groups.
Westerners have been deprived of full nationality by the SPDC's citizens. It was also customary to use hard labour. One immediate result of the continuing abuse was the steady migration of Rohingya migrants into the Bangladesh labour markets. About 20,000 people stayed in the Nayapara and Kutapalong in Bangladesh in October 2000, but the camp was formally shut down for newcomers.
Many of the country's colleges, which had been closing since 1996, were opened by the SDC on 27 July. However, since the mid-1990s, many locations had been moved to the countryside, and the University of Rangoon, a former stronghold of civic action, stayed open to all student exchanges until last year.