Where is Burma on the World MapWho is Burma on the world map?
Rangoon was appointed the Burmese capitol in times of colonization and became an important harbour between Calcutta and Singapore. Burma became a big battlefield during World War II, which destroyed the land and brought down the UK government, giving Burma the opportunity to gain autonomy in 1948.
In 1962 the army took control of the land and even failed to hand over government to the opposing parties, which won a landmark triumph in the 1990 parliamentary elections. The administration capitol was relocated from Rangoon to the new town of Nay Pyi Taw on November 6, 2005.
Burma is rich in indigenous nature, but economic development and advancement are being suffocated by severe state control and serious economic under-management. There are a number of reform processes on the road to full democratic liberalism in preparation, but the motivations for all reform are still under discussion and uncertainty remains within the state.
Rangoon, the main harbour, is a nice and enigmatic town, and visitors are drawn by the large number of old gold Buddha memorials that still are there. Which kind of government does Myanmar have? In Myanmar (Burma), which language is spoken?
Burma map, detailed map of Myanmar (Burma)
By 300 B.C., South Burma had a wealthy civilisation named Mon, whose population was living on the shores of the Salween and Sittaung Rivers. The Pyu established themselves in North Burma in 100 B.C. and built town states from the 1. to the 9. mill.
Next to reach the area were the Bamar or Burmese, who came from China and Tibet. Today, about 2/3 of the Burmese nationality is of Burmese descent. It was united under the pagan domination from the eleventh to the thirteenth centurys, followed by the reign of the Toungoo family in the sixteenth and the Konbaung in the eighteenth.
Mandalay was founded as the capitol during the reign of Konbaung and became the last capitol of Burma's monarch. Britain began to enter the area in the early 1800s, and in 1886 Burma finally became a provincial territory of Britain and India. Rebellion and nationwide uprisings against Britain's reign came into the nation's mind when a students' strikes took place at Rangon University in 1920.
During the 1930s, a group of impoverished peasants founded a new group of militants named Dohbama Asiayone, where Aung San became president shortly before the Second World War. Aung San became vice-chairman of the executive council of Burma in 1947, which was the interim administration from Britain's reign to Burma's autonomy, but was murdered in July of that year.
Myanmar became an autonomous Republic on January 4, 1948, but a triumphant 1962 coup d'état placed the nation under forces. Burma's name was subsequently renamed Myanmar in 1989 when a new army regime took power. In 2011 the army jungle was disbanded, thus forming today's democracy.
Myanmar is situated in southeastern Asia. This is the second biggest state in the area, bordering China to the Northeast and Northwest, Laos and Thailand to the Easterly and Southeastern, India and Bangladesh to the Westerly, and the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea to the Suthwest.
Burma has every kind of scenery except the deserts - the north of the land has icy mountain peaks, while the south has tropical jungle. Myanmar is a unified PRC state. Part of the members of the Assembly are nominated by the army, while the remainder take up their duties through electors.
Since Myanmar was banned from tourist travel for much of its contemporary past, it was not until the army passed the power to the masses that the tourist industry began to grow. Yangon, the former capitol, is the most frequented town in the state. Famous for its colorful architectural style and historical heritage, Yangon prides itself on being home to the Shwedagon - the most revered of pagodas in Southeast Asia.
Another town in Myanmar whose sacred relics and antique landmarks are much-loved touristic landmarks. More than 2000 monasteries, Stupa's and Pagoda's exist in the town, the most famous of which are the Ananda monasteries from 1091 and the Shwe Sandaw temple, where natives and visitors meet to observe the sunset on the Bay of Bengal.
Mandalay, another former capitol, is the geographical centre of Myanmar. It' s the economical and at the same time it is the home of more than half of the nation's friars and a town surrounded by walls for the Royal Palace. It' also known to be a bicycle town where most people would rather cycle than drive.
Burma also has wonderful sands. Ngwe Saung Beach is one of the longest in Southeast Asia with 9 nautical mile of sandy beach. Teaching English is mandatory from nursery school as a second tongue, but only until the end of primary school, where kids are 9 years old, in comparison to the 16 years of life in most states.
Alphabetisation in the state is 89.7% and about 1.2% of the government's total budgets are earmarked for financing schooling. Burma is one of the few places in the world where clumsiness is a symbol of wellbeing. Coca Cola was banished from the land until 2013. The New Year's Day in Myanmar is on April 16th and includes a 3-day-party.
Burma has one of the most corruption-stricken regimes and its army regimes are regarded as one of the most exploitative in the world.