Where do Burmese People come fromWho are the people of Burma?
Migrations in old Burma
Already 11,000 years ago people were living in the area that is today Burma, but archaeological proofs date the first settlement around 2500 BC with livestock breeding and the manufacture of bronce. Burma's first recognisable civilization is that of the Mon. Traces of their attendance can be found in Sri Ksetra near Pyay and in Beikthanoe in the centre of Burma.
Neo-Lithian men are living in Kachin State, Shan States, Mon State, Taninthayi Division and on the banks of the Chindwin and Ayeyarwaddy Creeks. It seems that about 150,000 years ago homosapiens invaded all of Africa, left Africa 70,000 years ago and extended over Australia, Asia and Europe by 40,000 years.
Early members of the species Gay erect, Gay erect and Gay heidelbergensis, emigrated from Africa during the early Pleistocene, possibly through the Sahara pump's use some 1.9 million years ago, and spread over large parts of the Old World to Southeast Asia.
In Africa, homosapiens developed up to 200,000 years ago and arrived in the Middle Eastern region about 70 thousand years ago. Fifty thousand years ago, these communities began to migrate from the Middle Eastern region to South Asia. Spokespersons of the proto-Indo-European languages are said to originate in the northern Black Sea (now Eastern Ukraine and Southern Russia), and from there they began to migrate to Anatolia, Europe and Central Asia, Iran and South Asia from the end of the Neoolithic and disseminated their languages through a process of dissemination of culture (see the Kurgan hypothesis).
People were already dwelling in Taiwan during this period, around 50,000 BC to 10,000 BC. The Salones and Pashu (Malays of Burma) came to Burma by this lakeway. Archeological findings (e.g. Bellwood 1997) indicate that some 8,000 years ago pre-Proto-Austrian spokespersons expanded from the continental shelf of Sochi to Taiwan.
Proof from historic linguistic studies indicates that seafarers emigrated from this isle, perhaps in different shafts divided by thousands of years, to the whole area of the extronesian language (Diamond 2000). in Burma are the country's national highway for migrants. As the Han Chinese marched into Taiwan, the minority tribes (including Tibeto-Burmans, Shans and Mons of prospective Burma) moved to the continent.
However, new expatriates from Central Asia later drove these communities to move to new fruitful areas between the Yellow and Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and then went down through present-day Yunnan and further down to Burma. There were sixteen empires of short-lived non-Chinese rulers who ruled all or part of North China in the fourth and fifth century.
China's past is that of a ruling family that alternates phases of disagreement and unification and is sometimes ruled by alien Asiatic nations, most of whom have been accepted into the Han China people. Culturally and politically influenced from many parts of Asia, supported by consecutive wave of migration, extension and assembly, fused into a contemporary China civilization.
Indo-Arian migrations to and within northern India are therefore suspected in the Middle to Late Bronze Age, which corresponds to the late Harappan period in India (around 1700 to 1300 BC). A number of Central Asian incursions followed from 180 BC, among them the Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, Indo-Parthian and Kushans on the northwestern sub-continent of India.
13 ] The name " India " is a derivation of the Indus. During antiquity "India" first related to the area of today's Pakistan along the Indus, but around 300 BC Greek authors like Megasthenes adopted the concept on the whole subcontinent:) The story of southern India, especially the Chola Empire, is connected with Burma prior to that.
It reigned from 985-1014 CE. The Cheras Navy near Thiruvananthapuram was captured by his forces, annexing Anuradhapura and the north of Ceylon County. The Rajendra Chola I ended the Sri Lankan invasion, captured Bengal and embarked on a great Navy expedition occupying parts of Malaya, Burma and Sumatra. There is little known about early Burma, but there is proof that merchants from China and India came by and traced the area, and the locals were trading with these merchants in ivories, gems, golds and silvers, rhinos and horses.
The Irrawaddy River was also crossed by the Alexandrian ambassadors of Rome in 79 AD on their way to China. Buddhism is said to have spread to Burma in the Bengal Gulf in the 17th and 18th centuries, and in the fourth centuries much of the Irrawaddy River was Buddhist, which included the then dominating city-state of Prome (modern Pyay).
Mizo were part of a great migratory movement from China and later migrated to India to their present area. The Mizos from Sinlung or Chhinlungsan may have come from the Yalung River in China, first settling in Shan State and then moving to the Kabaw Valley.
Naga were initially called Naka in Burmese which means "people with drilled ears". Naga strains had socio-economic and policy ties to strains in Assam and Burma (Myanmar); a large Naga tribe still lives in Assam today. After an 1816 incursion, the area came under the immediate domination of Burma with Assam until the British East India Company took over Assam in 1826 under the Yandaboo Treaty of 1826.
Assam's story is the story of a conflux of people from the Orient, Occident and Northern; the conflux of Indo-Aryan, Austro-Asian and Tibetan-Burmese civilizations. It is a region where the Mesolithic culture has an affinity with the proliferation of Mon Khmer-speakers from Malaysia and the Ayeyarwady River Basin and the development of the Mesolithic culture in southern China.
As these civilizations were dating from 4500-4000 B.C., the Assam places are approximately from that time of time. Whilst little is known about the early people of Burma, the Mon were the first of the contemporary ethnical groups to immigrate to the area around 1500 BC. According to verbal records, they came into touch with Buddhism through navigation in the third millennium BC, but definitely in the second millennium BC when they were given an emissary from the Ashoka people.
In the middle of the 9th centuary they had ruled all of South Burma. Burmese is a Tibetan-Burmese mother tongue related to the Yi or Nuosu which is now mainly used in Yunnan, but also in parts of Sichuan and Guizhou province in China. Up until a thousand years ago, Tibeto-Burman and especially the Burmese yi talking people were much more prevalent in Yunnan and Guizhou, in the south of Sichuan and in the north of Burma.
Throughout the Han Dyan asty in China, Yunnan was mainly governed by the Burmese Yi-speaking Dian and Yelang kings. Throughout the Tang Empire in China, both Yunnan and North Burma were governed by the Burmese Yi-speaking Nanzhao empire (erroneously considered Tai-speaking until the 1960s). The first Burmese Yi-Nanzhao rulers probably came into the Irrawaddy River Basin in large numbers and built the outposts of Pagan or Bagan during this Burmese-Yi-Nanzhao rule over North Burma.
Xixia's Tangut (north of Yunnan at this time) were speaking a Tibeto-Burman tongue that could also have been near Burmese-Yi. The people of the old Sanxingdui empire in Sichuan were probably an ancestor of the later Tibet Burmans and perhaps even more closely associated with the Burmese-Yi spokesmen's forebears in Dian and Yelang.
Many Burmese communities emigrated from Yunnan, which lies in southwestern China and is bordered by Sichuan and Sizang (Sikang) in the northern part, Guizhou and Guangxi in the eastern part, Vietnam and Burma in the southern part, and Burma and Assam in the western part. Salween and Mekong are long streams that flow through Yunnan and the neighbouring countries of Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam.
Catchments of these streams and their affluents create steep, small dales which, together with the high mountains, which generally run along the northern and southern sides, are a good home for many minority nationalities. The Yunnan has a long shared frontier with Burma and many ethnical groups living in Yunnan can also be found in Burma.
Myanmar is like a big motorway between India and China. 19 ] India and China are the largest and oldest cradle countries in the run. Tall, snow-covered, rugged and sheer Himalayan ridges are blocking interactions or travel between the two except for the Burmese cybercross.
There were many travellers, immigrants, disaster and starvation survivors, military escapees, etc. who were on this Burma Highway and some of them moved to Burma. The Salones (Moken) and Pashus (Malay) immigrated from the southern and seaside to Burma in the most southern part of Burma since anciently.
Burmese call the Moken Selung, Salone or Chalome. 31 ] In Thailand they are known as Chao Ley (People of the Sea) or Chao Nam (People of the Water), although these concepts are also used loose to refer to the Urak Lawoi and even the Orang Laut. Mokens are also referred to as gypsies at sea, a general concept that is used for a number of tribes in South-East Asia.
Urak Lawoi are sometimes classed as Moken, but they are different in language and ethnology because they are much more intimately related to the people of Malaysia. It is used for all proto-Malayan talking strains that live on the Andaman Sea coastline and the Andaman Sea Isles on the western Thai coastline, the Satun, Trang, Krabi, Phuket, Phang Nga and Ranong counties through the Mergui Archipelago of Burma.
34 ] The group comprises the Moken themselves, the Moklen (Moklem), the Orang Sireh (Betel-leaf people) and the Orang Lanta. Lastly, the Orang Lanta, a hybridised group that emerged when the people of Malaysia populated the Lanta Isles where the proto-Malay Orang Sireh had lived. Petech, L. Central Tibet and the Mongols.
HGE Hall, "History of Southeast Asia. Ph.D. ^ The Muslims of Burma: Burma Research Society journal. A. P. Phayre, Burma's London Story, 1883, pp. 293-304. M. M.S. Colis, "Arakans Platz in der Zivilisation der Bucht", Journal of the Burma Research Society, 1950th Anniversary Publications No. 2, Rangoon, 1960, S. 486.
D. G. G. E Hall, A History of South East Asia, New York, 1968, S. 389. Archiveed from the orginal on February 6, 2010. Muslims of Burma: Luce, G. H., "Burma's Deed to Pagan ", Journal of the Burma Research Society, Band XXXII,