When did Thailand become a CountrySo when did Thailand become a country?
Where did Thailand become an autonomous country?
During the whole of Siam's and Thailand's histories, the empire was almost always autonomous. Ayutthaya was conquered by King Bayinnaung the Great of Burma. The Ayutthaya became the greatest minion of the Taungoo empire for 15 years. Later King Naresuan the Great of Siam proclaimed Burma's sovereignty and destroyed every new Myanmar-invasión.
Siam/Thailand has never again been independent since then. The second Ayutthaya case is not considered a case of losing one' s autonomy. That was because the aim of the Myanmar military was to destroy Ayutthaya entirely, not to vassalise the empire as it once did. ASEAN is the only country among the 10 that has never been colonised.
For France, which ruled the Indochina of France, and the British Empire, which ruled Burma and Malaysia, used the sovereign empire as a puffer between the two settlements. In contrast to Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, Thailand is the only country in the area that has never been colonised.
We were never colonised by the West.
Thai Heritage - Backgrounds and cultures
Throughout its 800-year long tradition, Thailand can pride itself on being the only country in Southeast Asia that has never been nationalized. Sukhothai' s story is subdivided into five great periods: Sukhothai was the first empire in Thailand. In 1238 it was established by two provincial Khun Bang Klang Thao (Si Inthrathit) and Khun Pha Muang, who revolted against the Khmer and gave the area its sovereignty.
Succhothai was Thailand's most prosperous time. The time of Sukhothai was regarded as a gold epoch of Thai civilization. Often referred to by its rulers as "the morning of happiness", this is often referred to as the gold epoch of Thai evolution, an idyllic Thai state in a country of abundance ruled by fatherly and good-hearted monarchs, the most celebrated of whom was King Ramkamhaeng the Great.
But in 1350 the more powerful state of Ayutthaya exercised its power on Sukhothai. Ayutthaya, the capitol of the Thai kingdom, was founded in 1350 by U-Thong King. The Ayutthaya islands consist of three streams, the Chao Phraya, the Pasak and the Loburi and are enclosed by terraced rices.
It' s not difficult to see why the Ayutthaya area was populated before this date, as the site provided a wide range of geographic and economical benefits. Ayutthaya's Thai monarchs became mighty in the fourteenth and fifteenth century, taking over U-Thong, Lopburi and Ayutthaya. 1765 the Burmese entered Ayutthaya.
Burma's efficacy could no longer keep the empire after the nation's capitol had fallen into their clutches for two years. In 1769 Phaya Taksin, a Thai general, made himself kings. It reigned the new capitol of Thonburi on the banks of the Chao Phraya River, opposite Bangkok. The Thais re-gained power over their country and dispersed to the northern and northern states.
He is commonly known as General Taksin, who chose to move the Ayutthaya capitol to a place near the ocean that would ease external trafficking, secure weapons supplies and make it easy to defend and retreat in the event of another Burma outbreak. Founded his new capitol in Thon Buri on the western shore of the Chao Phraya River.
Since Ayutthaya's collapse, the absence of key authorities has resulted in the swift decay of the empire, and Taksin's rule was brought with the reunification of the states. When Taksin died, General Chakri became the first Khakri dynasty leader, Rama I, who reigned from 1782 to 1809. It was his first act as kings to move the imperial capitol across the Thon Buri to Bangkok and to construct the Grand Palace.
Ramah II (1809-1824) carried on the restauration started by his forerunner. His Majesty King Nang Klao, Rama III (1824-1851) re-opened the relationship with the West and started to develop trading with China. Mongkut, Rama IV (1851-1868) of "The King and I" signed contracts with Europe, averted colonization and set up contemporary Thailand. Rama V, King Chulalongkorn (1869-1910) carried on his father's traditions of reforms by eliminating enslavement and reforming the system of social security and administration.
Schooling and other reform of educa-tion were implemented by Vajiravudh, Rama VI (1910-1925). Under the rule of Prajadhipok (1925-1935) Thailand evolved from an total empire to a constitution. In 1933 the emperor resigned and was replaced by his cousin, Ananda Mahidol (1935-1946). In 1939 the name of the country was altered with the introduction of a Siamese democracy in Thailand.
The current king, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, is King Rama IX of the Chakri dynasty.