When did Burma Change its name to MyanmarHow long has Burma changed its name to Myanmar?
With the headline and international broadcasts proclaiming problems in Burma - or is it Myanmar? It is at the top of the international press when ten thousand took part in anti-government walks and is known as both. The official name is Union of Myanmar, a name announced by the 1989 army june that also altered the name of the cityships.
There is more to what is called the South East Asia land than semiannic. Its name is significant and the choice of one over the other may mirror a liking for the destroyed democratic movements of the land or the dominant war. United Nations quickly agreed to the name Myanmar five day after the regime announced the change.
While Amnesty International is calling it Myanmar, Human Rights Watch is using Burma. The Canadian Foreign Ministry called it Burma. US President George W. Bush, who addressed the United Nations, enumerated the most outrageous tyrannies in the entire planet, and Burma included. UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown said he fears a much greater death toll in Burma than the Burmese regime said.
Canadians argue that the name Myanmar was forced by the regime and never endorsed by the democratic regime. "To help in the fight for democratization, the Canadian administration is using Burma instead of Myanmar," says Bernard Nguyen, a spokesman for foreign affairs. According to U.S. law enforcement agency Montreal, it is an insult to Burma democratic activists who travel to Canada to help their movements and find intelligence agencies related to their home country as Myanmar.
Myanmar is used by Myanmar-Rights and Democracy sent them a note this weekend, while the CBC and other mass media use the term "Burma, also known as Myanmar". "The Toronto star's look is Burma. Myanmar is used by the National Post without mentioning Burma, while the Washington Post is using Burma this weekend without mentioning Myanmar.
New York Times uses Myanmar, Boston Globe adheres to Burma. Although using a Rangoon date line, The Globe and Mail relates to the land as Myanmar. Tuesday an AP tale also merged things with a date line from Yangon, Burma. He denounces the powerlessness of the West in the face of the "thugs" who rule the state.
Myanmar and Bama are both Myanmar and Bama residents of Burma (the letters are both dropping ), says London-based UK human rights expert Gustaaf Houtman. Burma is official and literary, while Burma is dialogical and slang, as the Netherlands is more literally or informal. "There is a clear distinction between official speech and oral speech in Myanmar, and if you take the land literally, you claim to be in charge of it," Houtman says.
But the British did not use the name Burma, which has been used for hundreds of years. Burma is still somewhat sensitive to its use because it is associated with Burma's dominating people. As it took over, the army wanted to show that it had freed the land from many aspects of collonialism, as well as speech.
Aung San Suu Kyi, who has long been under home detention, argued that this was a "foreign" concept adopted by the British. Aung San Suu Kyi, who heads the National League for Democracy, had also been marrying an British teacher. Such anglophile tendencies would not be accepted in Myanmar.
Known at the time as the State Law and Order Restoration Council (or its ominous-sounding ancronym SLORC ), the ruling party presented the name change "as a testimony to its pathriotic mind, its good will for the nation, and as a landmark in the story of the revolutionary process that would unite tribal groups," Houtman, publisher of Anthropology Today, a magazine of the Royal Anthropological Institute, states.
Whilst there is the case that the world should call the land by the name of its sovereigns, there are many cases where the formal name is ignored. Cambodia's infamous Khmer Rouge transformed Cambodia into Cambodia, a name that did not remain. North Korea is officially known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and the Russian Federation as Russia.
As Aung San Suu Kyi has said, no one can change the name of Burma without reference to the will of the population. "Obviously I would rather use the term Burma."