What was Myanmar Called beforeHow was Myanmar named before?
What did Myanmar call before?
Burma 101: Old Magi and Prodigal Kingdoms
This is a brief introductory talk on Burma's imperial heritage, from the "King of the World" before the Buddha to the downfall of Mandalay. Abhiyaza, an in exile in India princely in 850 BC, was the first Buddha to establish a empire in Tagaung - four hundred years before the Buddha Gautama.
According to Buddhistic traditions, Abhiyaza is said to belong to the Sakya Clans, just like the Buddha himself, which makes him a descendant of Maha Sammata, the "King of the World". Abhiyaza's filibuster is the gold cord through the story of Myanmar, but in a way he is also Myanmar's King Arthur of Camelot.
Despite many critics doubting the detail of Abhiyaza's history, arternalData= "pn=1&smchaeological proof indicates that Bronze Age civilisations were built and cultivated near Tagaung (now northern of Mandalay) and throughout the Ayeyarwady Basin. The Ayeyarwady Valley was a trading route between China and the sub-continent of India in the first millenium AD, and Theravada Buddhism began to expand into the towns of Pyu, which originated in Southern China, and the Mon in what is now Myanmar.
Pyu are widely considered to be ordinary folk clad in fleece who liked to sing and drink booze, according to the Nanzhao Empire's narratives, which controlled the pyu in the 8th and 9th ct. They were ancestors of Burmese. As their kingdom dwindled in the 10th-century their dead forced southwards and finally spawned their own empires, one of which was in Pagan (now Bagan).
Next in Yangon's Anawrahta Road (pronounced Anoiyatha), think of the mediaeval lord of Pagan who marches a troop of cavalries of horses as well as bulls through the Ayeyarwady Basin and the Shan Plateau. Up until his deaths in 1077, Anawrahta had captured much of present-day Myanmar and wrought an empire that extended from the Malay Peninsula to the Himalayas.
During the pagan dynasty, which ran from 849 to 1297, the famed Bagan Floats, now one of Myanmar's most beloved travel destination, were born. The Mongolian strongholds of the Genghis Khan offspring invaded the empire after two and a half hundred years in 1277, then again in 1287.
Double invasion smashed the Empire. It would be two hundred years before Myanmar would be reunited. Kandawgyi Lake in Yangon, the King ship owed its survival to King Bayinnaung of the Taungoo Dynasty and the most productive conquistador in Myanmar's story. During the first half of the sixteenth and eighteenth-century, King Tabinshwehti of the small Burmese-speaking Taungoo region began to conquer the remains of the ancient pagan state.
In 1551 his General Bayinnaung took over and with the help of a group of portugese mercenary forces reforged the realm. Not only Myanmar, Bayinnaung also captured Thailand and Laos with its elephant, alien troops and magnificent tea kayaks - among them a private boat similar to that in Lake Kandawgyi. Bayinnaung's realm unraveled when he passed away, but his grandchildren would finally re-establish the realm along the borders of contemporary Myanmar.
These also led to a number of culture and administration reform, such as a 1635 King Thalun enumeration, which reached a total of 2 million people. Taungoo empire began to fall and eventually disintegrated when the old Hanthawaddy empire resurfaced in Pegu (now Bago), invaded Taungoo-Herzland and plundered the capitol Ava in 1752.
Alaungpaya, who was to baptize himself king, unified all of Myanmar under the last Myanmar kings. It was founded in 1859 by King Mindon, a population before Myanmar became a British nation. The Mandalay was the culmination of 130 years of rebirth, leading to lush and elaborate regal rites, a vast regal pedigree and the Hmannan Yazawin (or The Glass Palace Chronicle), a standardised Myanmar story that connected Konbaung with the mythical King Abhiyaza and the Buddha himself.
However, this ingenious and graceful empire collided with West German nationalism, which led to three disastrous battles with Britain, which wanted to expand to the East. Though King Mindon on Thibaw tried to relinquish his empire to the Empire when in 1885 English forces invaded Mandalay, displacing Thibaw and his family Ratanagiri, India, in 1916, where his was.
The first catastrophic British conquest led King Bagyidaw to try to legitimize Myanmar's empire in 1829. It was from his Mirror Palace in Inwa that he established the National Historical Commission of Burma to write a complete story of the empire. This is a regal story that goes back to the mythical king Abhiyaza of the Sakya family - the Buddha family.
While Bagan and Mandalay are the most celebrated imperial capital of the past, they are not the only contemporary towns in Myanmar that were once home to the monarch. The first Myanmar empire, according to Myanmar legends, established by Abhiyaza in 850 BC. Although some have doubts about the history of Abhiyaza, Tagaung has always been a symbol of the city.
The home of the first pagoda palace established by King Anawratha in the 11th cent. It was the home of several thousand palagodas erected under the pagan state. Tungoo is a humble princedom of the Ava Kingdom that disbanded and invaded all of Myanmar. This was the domicile of the Tungoo Imperium before they went to Ava.
Ava Inwa, just south of Mandalay, was the domicile of the proud empire of Ava after the downfall of the pagans in the thirteenth cent. Taungoo empire made Inwa its capitol, and it twice housed the Konbaung dynasty before they went to Mandalay. Taungoo Empire made Bago (Pegu) its capitol first in 1539 and then in 1613.
As Taungoo came down, it became the home of the rebuilt Haribhunjaya Empire. Although Mandalay is symbolic of Myanmar's imperial heritage, King Mindon founded Mandalay in 1857, a family before the Myanmar Empire was conquered by the people.