What is Myanmar likeWhat's Myanmar like?
Ten things nobody is telling you about..... Yangon, Myanmar
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In July 1984, the Institute for South East Asian Studies established the ASEAN Economic Bulletin (AEB).
In July 1984, the Institute for South East Asia Studies established the ASEAN Scientific Bulletin (AEB). AEB has since developed into a respected scholarly magazine that provides timely, thorough and enlightening analysis of the South East Asia economy. ASEAN' s International Business Forum is an international forum covering a broad spectrum of business themes and themes affecting ASEAN member states and the South East Asia area as a whole, as well as intra- and interregional dimensions of the interactions between ASEAN member states and their business relationships with Asia-Pacific and the wider Asia-Romew.
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How a viable resolution for Myanmar's Rakhine state crises could look like
Burma and Bangladesh recently signed an accord to repatriate Rohingya displaced persons from Bangladesh to Myanmar. Following Pope Francis' visit to both of them last weekend, renewed focus on the opportunities for a break through this crises - the idea of a non-violent settlement is an pressing one.
It is based on a memo issued by the Myanmar and Bangladesh authorities following a similar Rohingya crises in 1992-3. Burma has consented to relocate displaced people to provisional shelters, to safeguard their mobility and to provide ID for those who can show that they have previously lived in the state.
But, as Luke Hunt observes, residence permit demands are unreally strict: "People evicted from houses on fire and compelled to escape brutality, often without provisions, will find it almost impractical to establish that they or their families have been living in Myanmar. Moreover, the Accord is only the first stage on the long path to restoration of Rakhine State's sovereignty.
Burma will have to make real policy compromises to secure it. There is a need for the army to dramatically cut the scale of its "evacuation operations" and the policing is ensuring the safety of Rakhine and Rohingya, all of which should be supervised by a third independent, internationally operating body, the UN, if possible. This is a small move in the right vein. The military's choice to substitute the Western Command Chief (responsible for the state of Rakhine).
However, much more changes are needed to inform the policemen about the importance of the prevention of force and the protection of the civil population in areas of war. Granting UN peacekeepers UN peacekeepers UN peacekeepers full UN security clearance to sensitive areas in Rakhine State can further enhance their responsibility. This may be an abomination for the Myanmar or Tatmadaw army, but it may be the only tasty trade-off to prevent further widespread denunciation.
WASH has voiced its strong backing for the civil rule of Aung San Suu Kyi and condemned the military's accessory guilt in the crime against man. Soon after his return from his visit to Myanmar, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the US would describe the Rakhine state as" ethnical cleansing", a concept that is on the brink of being genocidal and would require globalism.
However, Tillerson made it clear that the US is considering specific penalties against Tatmadaw members who are known to play a part in the horrors in Rakhine. U.S. politicians have called on Aung San Suu Kyi on several occasions to honour her obligations to comply with the Rakhine State Advisory Commission's recommendation, headed by former UN leader Kofi Annan.
These include the repatriation and resettlement of all Rohingya who were forced into neighbouring Bangladesh and the establishment of a clear route for them to obtain nationality (which many before the 1982 Nationality Act and the 1983 Population Survey, which Rohingya practically excluded). However, despite all the rhetoric, Washington has not yet developed a clear Myanmar-style.
In the view of China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi, the first phase should be a cease-fire to re-establish order, the second an intensification of the exchange between Myanmar and Bangladesh to resolve the problem and the third should be to provide aid internationally for the development of Rakhine. This might seem simple, but a revert to the first principle is now appropriate.
Myanmar's social issues, as I have already said, will take many years of training and slowly shifting culture to solve. Every short-term resolution is necessary to guarantee tranquillity and fundamental humanitarian safety for tens of millions of people affected by it. Today, Bangladesh is home to the majority of the Rohingya people at the international level and has taken in more than 600,000 displaced persons who have fled the horrors in the state of Rakhine.
Burma will need a more proactive response to possible political resolutions - while local Buddhist nationalism and the backing for the military's drive against the Rohingya is rife, the administration (and the military) must recognize that the crises are now truly world. Geographical unstability has already eroded global investments and has already caused strong criticisms from nations such as Malaysia and Indonesia.
Burma needs to do something to improve the situa-tion if it is to sustain local assistance for its efforts at reforming its democracy and economy. How would a real answer look like? Firstly, it must ensure the safety of the endangered population groups in Rakhine and not only in Rohingya. Buddhists must also be sure that they are protected from attack by Islamic groups (an informed but extreme worry within Myanmar).
This means admitting a few impartial observers to Rakhine, who can also be used to control the military's hitherto violent insurgency tactic. Lastly, a settlement must be found that guarantees the Myanmar administration that the Myanmar army will not be interfered with by humanists or alien operatives, a perpetual threat to Myanmar's army.
In view of Myanmar's external interference in the country, both sides should pursue discussions directly with a view to reaching a settlement on how to deal with almost one million violent displacement cases since 2012. It should also include Pakistan, Malaysia and Saudi Arabia, where many diasporas of Rohingya already live.
They can work together to find alternative solutions to Rohingya that are not prepared to go back to Myanmar for fear of their security or for other reason or for reason excluded by the Myanmar government's rigorous expulsions. and Bangladesh, with the aim of ending the shedding of blood and bringing back peacefully the people who have been forced to flee.
Gobal counterparts can also provide more human aid to Bangladesh's displaced people and help rebuild the state of Rakhine. However, the restoration of the state of Rakhine requires the parties involved to reflect on the big picture and enter into a dialog.