What is Burma's new nameWhat's Burma's new name?
Myanmar says Aung San Suu Kyi:'Call us Myanmar'.
Myanmar has been named by Myanmar by Burmese authorities to Aung San Suu Kyi, the head of the Burma Oposition. In 1989, the former army leaders of Myanmar changed the country's name to Myanmar and the changes have been widespread ever since. However, groups of opponents have used the old name as a token of contempt, together with some of the West's government and press organizations.
She' ll be returning to Europe from a high-profile journey in which she described her own land as Burma. It also used the word Burma during a June 1 address to the World Economic Forum in Thailand, which apparently annoyed the military-backed civil rule in its state. The Election Committee said in a declaration in The New Light of Myanmar:
"No one has the right to call Burma, as the state is supposed to be known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. "the NLD has once again been notified by the committee.... to letter/title the name of the state as required by the constitutional.... and to comply with the constitution."
The NLD spokesperson, Nyan Win, replied that the reference to the Burmese land "does not mean disregard for the constitution". Twenty years ago, the then reigning army decided to change the name of Burma on the grounds that the old name was a cat of the colonialist regime and only represents the dominating Burmese people.
Etymologues and others point out that this is a wrong point, as both Myanmar and Burma come from the same roots - which refers to the Burmese people - and have been interchangeable for hundreds of years.
With the headline and international broadcasts proclaiming problems in Burma - or is it Myanmar? It is at the top of the international press when ten thousand people took part in anti-government missions. The official name is Union of Myanmar, a name announced by the 1989 army june that also altered the name of the cityships.
There is more to what is called the South East Asia land than semiannic. Its name is meaningful and the choice of one over the other may mirror a liking for the destroyed democratic movements of the land or the dominant militar. United Nations quickly agreed to the name Myanmar five day after the regime announced the new name.
While Amnesty International is calling it Myanmar, Human Rights Watch is using Burma. The Canadian Foreign Ministry called it Burma. US President George W. Bush, who addressed the United Nations, enumerated the most outrageous tyrannies in the entire planet, and Burma included. UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown said he fears a much greater death toll in Burma than the Burmese regime said.
Canadians argue that the name Myanmar was forced by the regime and never endorsed by the democratic regime. "To help in the fight for democratization, the Canadian administration is using Burma instead of Myanmar," says Bernard Nguyen, a spokesman for foreign affairs. According to U.S. law enforcement agency Montreal, it is an insult to Burma democratic activists who travel to Canada to help their movements and find intelligence agencies related to their home country as Myanmar.
Myanmar is used by Myanmar-Rights and Democracy sent them a note this weekend, while the CBC and other mass media use the term "Burma, also known as Myanmar". "The Toronto star's look is Burma. Myanmar is used by the National Post without mentioning Burma, while the Washington Post is using Burma this weekend without mentioning Myanmar.
New York Times uses Myanmar, Boston Globe adheres to Burma. Although using a Rangoon date line, The Globe and Mail relates to the land as Myanmar. Tuesday an AP tale also merged things with a date line from Yangon, Burma. He denounces the powerlessness of the West in the face of the "thugs" who rule the state.
Burma is official and literary, while Burma is dialogical and slang, as the Netherlands is more literally or informal. "Burmese has a clear distinction between official speech and oral speech, and if you take the land literally, you claim to be in charge of it," Houtman says.
But the British did not use the name Burma, which has been used for hundreds of years. Burma is still somewhat sensitive to its use because it is associated with Burma's dominating people. As it took over, the army wanted to show that it had freed the land from many aspects of collonialism, as well as speech.
Aung San Suu Kyi, who has long been under home detention, argued that this was a "foreign" concept adopted by the British. Aung San Suu Kyi, who heads the National League for Democracy, had also been marrying an British teacher. Such anglophile tendencies would not be accepted in Myanmar.
Known at the time as the State Law and Order Restoration Council (or its ominous-sounding ancronym SLORC ), the ruling party presented the name shift "as a testimony to its pathriotic mind, its good will for the nation, and as a landmark in the story of the revolutionary process that would unite tribal groups," Houtman, publisher of Anthropology Today, a magazine of the Royal Anthropological Institute, states.
Whilst there is the case that the world should call the land by the name of its sovereigns, there are many cases where the formal name is ignored. Cambodia's infamous Khmer Rouge transformed Cambodia into Cambodia, a name that did not remain. North Korea is officially known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and the Russian Federation as Russia.
As Aung San Suu Kyi has said, no one can name Burma without reference to the will of the population. "Obviously I would rather use the term Burma."