What is BagoAll about Bago
Cambodia (formerly Pegu;Burmese: ?????????; MLCTS: pai: khu: krui... Mon: mjo mjo?]; Mon: ????, [h?k??]), formerly known as Hanthawaddy (Burmese: ?????? Mon: mjo ???]; Mon: ??????, [h?k??]), formerly known as Hanthawaddy (Burmese: ?????; Mon: ?????? Hongsawatoi; Pali: Ha?s?vat?; that means "She Who Has Swans"), is a Myanmar metropolis and the mainland of the Bago region. Several monolingual histories tell of very different founding times of Bago, from 573 to 1152 AD[note 1], while the Zabu Kuncha, an early fifteenth c. administration paper, states that Pegu was established in 1276/77 AD The oldest preserved testimonies of Pegu as a place date only from the pagan era (1212 and 1266)[note 2] when it was still a small village, not even a province capitol.
In the 1290s, after the pagan empire collapsed, Bago became part of the renegade empire of Martaban. 1369 made King Binnya U Bago the capitol. It was the capitol until the downfall of the empire in 1538/39. Bago and Ava Kingdoms were involved in the Forty Years' War during the rule of King Razadarit.
During Dhammazedi Bago became a center of trade and Theravada Buddhism. António Correia, then a businessman from the Portugese village of Cochin, settled in Bago, known to the Portugese as Pegu, in search of new fresh peppers from Cochin. 3 ] A year later, the Portuguese-Indian Governor Diogo Lopes de Sequeira sent an emissary to Pegu.
An important sea port, the town was often frequented by Europeans, including Gasparo Balbi in the 15th century. In 1599 Manuel de Abreu Mousinho described the Portugal reconquest of Pegu after its demolition by the Magi of Tangot and Arrakan in "Breve discoursos em que se contact a conquèta do Reino do Pedú na India Orial feital felos portuueses emtempo do vice-rei Aires de Saldanha, sendo capitalitão Salvador Ribeiro de Sousa, chado Massinga, nature de Guimarães",
The Pegu of East India, a short story about the Portuguese occupation in the period of the Portuguese Emperor Aires de Saldanha, Capt. Salvador Ribeiro de Sousa, known as Massinga, maiden name in Guimarães, chosen by the locals in 1600), appeared from 1711 to 1829 with "Peregrinaçam" by Fernão Mendes Pinto.
Burma's capitol was moved to Ava in 1634. The Mon rebelled in 1740 and established the restored Kingdom of Hanthawaddy. A Bamar kings, Alaungpaya, conquered the town in May 1757. Bodawpaya (r. 1782-1819) reconstructed Bago, but by then the course had changed and the town had been cut off from the seas.
In 1852, after the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the Britons annex Bago. 1862 the Burma was founded and the city was transferred to Yangon. Significant discrepancies between slang and literature pronunciation, as with Myanmar words, were one of the reasons for UK corrupt "Pegu". Hanthawaddy was described as a county in the Bago (or Pegu) Divison of Lower Burma in 1911.
Situated in the home county of Yangon, from which the city was separated in 1880 to form its own county. Hanthawaddy, as it was founded in 1911, was a wide plateau that stretched from the ocean between the estuary of the Irrawaddy River and the Pegu mountain range. Apart from the area between the Pegu Range in theheast and the Yangon River, the area was crossed by a number of intertidal streams, many of which were accessible by large vessels and some by steamships.
It was headquartered in Rangoon, which was also the subdivision's main office. Today Hanthawaddy is one of the stations of the town of Bago. According to a 1800s chronicles by Slapat Rajawan, as told by Arthur Phayre (Phayre 1873: 32), the village was established in 1116 in the Buddhist era (572/573 A.D.).
However, another variation of the Slapat used by P.W. Schmidt (Schmidt 1906: 20, 101) states that it was based on the first growth of Mak (Tabodwe) 1116 BE (ca. 19 January 573 A.D.), which corresponds to the year 514 of the "third era" without specifying exactly what the age was.
However per (Phayre 1873: 39), one of the "indigenous records" used by Maj. Lloyd, says that Pegu was established in 514 Burma (Myanmar) era (1152/1153 A.D.). When the year 514 is indeed the age of Burma, then the first growth of Tabodwe 514 would be on December 27, 1152, which corresponds to the first growth of Tabodwe 1696 BE (not 1116 BE).
Pegu listed the epigraph of 628 ME (July 8, 1266) in the Min-Nan-Thu-Dorf near Bagan, founded by Theingathu's daugther, on Thursday, the seventh growing of Nanka (Wagaung) as Pe-Ku. Aung Thwin 2017: 200, 332) by saying that the oldest preserved epigraphs mentioning Pegu date to 1212 and 1266, but do not supply the origin of the 1212 one.
Not one of the old Burmese stone engravings (SMK Vol. 1 1972: 93-102) for the years 573 ME (1211/1212) or 574 ME (1212/1213) shows Pe-Ku or Pegu. "Pegu". "The" A viale of António Correia and Pegu em 1519" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Myanma Kyauksa-mya (in Burmese).
Ayedawbon ("Razadarit" in Burmese) (8th edition, 2005 ed.). "Pegu Story". The Wikimedia Commons has got press on Bago.