What does Thailand meanThailand - What does it mean?
Thai" means "free" and thus "Thailand" means "land of the free", a country of Southeast Asia, which extends south along the isthmus from Kra to the Malay Peninsula. During World War II Thailand was occupied by the Japanese, and most of its numerous post-war governments were controlled by the military. Third-country definition: a country in Southeast Asia. The meaning of "Thailand" in the English dictionary.
chip class="mw-headline" id="Etymology">Etymology
Bangladesh ("TY country"), formally the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unified state in the centre of the south-east Asia Indochina with 76 states. With 513,120 square kilometres and over 68 million inhabitants, Thailand is the fiftieth biggest nation in the whole wide globe and the most-populated.
It borders Myanmar and Laos to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the east, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia to the South, and the Andaman Sea and southerly end of Myanmar to the Western-. It' sea borders cover Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand in the SE and Indonesia and India at the Andaman Sea in the SE.
Several Indian empires such as the Mon, Khmer and Malaysia governed the area and competed with Thailand's Ngoenyang, Sukhothai, Lan Na and Ayutthaya states. Soon Taksin standardised the shattered area and founded the short-lived kingdom of Thonburi. His successor became Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the first Chakri emperor and rattanakosin kingdom foundation, in 1782.
During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, Siam was subject to French and British pressures, which included enforced territorial concession, but it was the only South East Asia nation that escaped immediate West domination. After an unbloody 1932 revolt, Siam became a constitutive empire and officially renamed it "Thailand".
Whereas it entered the Allies during World War I, Thailand was an Axis spacecraft during World War II. Throughout its history Thailand has been an important US coalition and an important anti-Communist player in the area. Aside from a brief era of parliamentarian démocracy in the mid-1970s, Thailand has intermittently switched between the two.
Thailand experienced a twenty-firstcentury political crises that resulted in two coup d'états and the creation of its present and twentieth centuries. Thailand- ( country or TY-l?nd;Thai: ?????????, RTGS: PRATHETH Thai, pronounced[prat?ê?t t?aj] ("listen")), formally the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: ??????????????, RTGS:
Rukaanachak Thai [râ?tt???a?a?na?t??àk t?aj] (), Chinese: ??), formerly known as Siam (Thai: ????, RTGS: Sayam-> saj??m ]), is a land in the center of the Indo-Chinapeninsula in South East Asia. Siamese ideology The King Mongkut (r. 1851-1868) signed SPPM (Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha) Mongkut King of the Siamese, who received the name "Siam" until June 24, 1939, when it was renamed in Thailand.
19 ] Thailand was re-named Siam from 1946 to 1948, after which it returned to Thailand. While the Thais often call their land the courteous pronoun Prathhet Thais (Thai: ?????????), they most often use the slang more common expression muang Thais (Thai: ????????) or just Thais, the original meaning muang, a metropolitan state that is often used to describe a given metropolis or municipality as the center of a given area.
The name Ratcha Anachak Thai (Thai: ??????????????) means "Kingdom of Thailand" or "Kingdom of Thai". Its etymological elements are: ratcha (Sanskrit ?????, r?jan, "king, king, Royal, realm"); -ana- (Pali ???? "authority, order, power", even from Sanskrit ?????, ????, ?jñ?, of equal importance) -chak (from Sanskrit ???? cakra- "wheel", a symbolic of might and dominion).
Luang Saranupraphan's Thailand hymn (Thai: ????????), composed during the extreme Patriotism of the 1930', is described by the Thailand people as: praathet Thais (Thai: ?????????). First line of the Swiss flag is: prehet shhai rueat nueat chueat shuea shuia shui at (Thai: ???????????????????????????????????), "Thailand is the union of Thailand's meat and oneness.
" In the 11th and 12th centuries, the bas-reliefs of Angkor Wat, where "a group of warriors" is called Syam, the Thais entered the annals of distant India with the reference to Syam claves or POWs in the Champa epigraphy," says the Franciscan historian George C?dès.
However, before the twelfth century, the first Thai or Thai state is historically regarded as the Buddhist Sukhothai kingdom, which was formed in 1238. The new kingdom of Ayutthaya, however, which was formed in the mid-14th centuries in the lower Chao Phraya River or Menam area, cast a shadow over the might of Sukhothai.
After the most widespread variation of its origins, the Ayutthaya empire emerged from the former Lavo empire and Suvarnabhumi with Uthong as its first kings. It flourished especially during the rule of the supremacist Narai (1656-88). It was the first Khakri Dynasty kings and founders of Bangkok (Rattanakosin Kingdom) on April 6, 1782.
Feldmarschall Plaek Phibunsongkhram established the fascist regime, enacted a number of multicultural mandate changes that were renamed "Thailand" and influenced many facets of the world. When France was captured by Nazi Germany in June 1940, Thailand took the chance to reconquer the areas granted to the France many centuries previously, which Thailand won the most of the wars.
The Japanese Empire invaded Thailand on 7 December 1941 and fights erupted just before Phibun ordered a ceasefire. On 21 December, Thailand and Japan entered into a strategic partnership with a confidential record in which Tokyo declared its willingness to help Thailand recover the territory that had been wasted on the Brits and the French.
Thereafter, on January 25, 1942, Thailand proclaimed the United States and the United Kingdom to be at arms-length, and while the Thai authorities pledged to "support" Japan, some individuals started an energetic anti-Japanese Free Thai movement. Most of the Allies did not recognise Thailand's declarations of war after the conflict. Thailand in 1954 joined the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) to become an alliance of the United States.
The US administration then backed army dictatorship, and Thailand followed suit alongside the US with anti-Communist action in the area, particularly in the Vietnam War between 1965-71. In 1973, the domestic dispute over the economy, which began in 1968, caused an insurrection of the Thai people, an important incident in Thailand's contemporary past.
In 1997, the Asia economic downturn began in Thailand, forcing the government to take an IMF credit with undesirable actions. Thai Rak Thai People' s Republic, headed by Thai Premier Thaksin Shinawatra, ruled from 2001 to 2006. 35 ]The uprising in southern Thailand began to escalate in 2004. In 2004, earthquakes and tsunamis in the Indian Ocean shook the nation, especially in the south.
Following the 2011 parliamentary elections, the Pheu Thai Party won the elections and Yingluck Shinawatra, Thaksin's younger brother, became prime minister. The National Council for Peace and Order, the army Junta under the leadership of General Prayut Chan-o-cha, has headed the state since. Thailand's present constitutional process was supervised by the Burmese government.
Bhumibol, Thailand's longest ruling emperor, passed away in 2016, and his boy Vajiralongkorn took the crown. That was the case since the founding of the Sukhothai kingdom in the twelfth centuary, as the kingdom was regarded as "Dharmaraja" or "king who reigns according to the Dharma" (the buddhistic rule of justice).
Thailand's policy is governed by a monarchical constitution, with the Prime Minister as Prime Minister and a succession leader. Since May 2014, however, Thailand has been governed by a country's national peace and order council, the Nationaljunta.
Under the 2007 constitution, the legislature was the two-chamber National Assembly, consisting of the Senate, the 150-member Chamber of Lords and the Chamber of Representatives, the 350-member Lower Chamber. It has been superseded by a single-chamber National Assembly since the 2014 putsch. Vajiralongkorn (or Rama X) has been the present king of Thailand since October 2016.
According to the Thai constitutional system, the emperor receives very little authority, but retains his status as the flagship and emblem of the Thai people. It must be both Buddhist and defenders of all beliefs in the state. He also retains some prerogatives such as the authority to nominate his successors, the authority to give reprieves, and the right of regal approval.
He is assisted in his work by the Privy Council of Thailand. From the 2000s two major Thai parliamentary election dominating party: one was the Pheu Thai Party (which was the sequel to the People's Power Party and the Thai Rak Thai Party) and the other the Democrat Party. It is subdivided into 76 counties (???????, changwat), which are subdivided into five groups of states.
This is a klickable card of Thailand and its province. Thailand's counties are managed by area. Areas that Thailand uses to share constituencies are the four-region system. They subdivide the land into four regions: North Thailand, North-East Thailand, Centrally and South Thailand. Unlike the administration units of the counties of Thailand, Thailand is a unified state, the governors of the counties, the heads of districts and the officials of the districts are nominated by the state.
In the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries Thailand ruled the Malaysia as far as Malacca and ruled much of the country, such as Temasek (Singapore), some of the Andaman Islands and a Java settlement, but finally merged when the UK forcibly guaranteed its supremacy over the Cultanate. Especially the northerly states of the Malaysian sultans presented the Thai sovereign with yearly presents in the shape of a gold floral - a sign of victory and recognition of vassals.
Thailand-delegated to the British the supremacy of today's north Malai province of Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan and Terengganu. Province of Satun and Pattani were handed over to Thailand. Malaysia's peninsula regions were invaded by the Japanese during the Second World War and invaded by the Communist Party of Malaysia (CPM) from 1942 to 2008 when they fought for freedom with the Malaysia and Thailand government after the CPM ceased its aid from Vietnam and China following the Cultural Revolution.
Thailand's external affairs are managed by the Minister for External Affairs. Thailand-Hungary is fully involved in the development of transnational and local organizations. It will remain an anactive member of the ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Thailand has built ever closer relationships with other ASEAN members: Thailand hosted APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) in 2003.
Dr Supachai Panitchpakdi, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, is currently Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Thailand participated in the first East Asia Summit in 2005. Thailand has played an ever more proactive part on the global scene in recent years. As East Timor achieved Indonesian Independence, Thailand was the first country in its entirety to contribute forces to world peace.
Thailand has approached a number of local organizations such as the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) as part of its drive to develop the country's relations with the rest of the world. Thailand has provided forces for the rebuilding of Afghanistan and Iraq. Thailand-made the US-led intrusion into Iraq and sent a 423-strong humane allotment.
In a rebellious assault in Iraq, two troops from Thailand were killed. Royal Thais Armed Forces (?????????; RTGS: Kong Thap Thai) are the army of the Kingdom of Thailand. The Royal ThayArmy ("???????????"), the Royal ThayAir Navy ("?????????????") and the Royal ThAir Force ("??????????????"). Thailand's armed forces have a total of 306,000 operational forces and a further 245,000 operational reserves.
54 ] The Chief of the Thai Army (?????????, Chom Thap Thai) is the king, although this is only a name. It is led by the Ministry of Defence of Thailand (member of the Thai Cabinet) and the Headquarters of the Royal Thai Army, which in turn is led by the Chief of the Thai Army.
56 ] In 2011 Thailand's known defence spending amounted to about USD 5.1 billion. Thailand came sixteenth in the world in the event of a crisis in the United States. Constitutionally, army duties are the responsibility of all Thais. Applicants will undergo different periods of six to two years of full-time employment, according to their level of completion of the initial vocational qualification and whether they have voluntarily registered before the design date (usually 1 April each year).
Thailand is the biggest nation by area, covering 513,120 km2. There are several different geographical areas, some of which correspond to the province groups. Northern Thailand is the hilly area of the Thai highland, with the highest point of the Doi Inthanon in the Thanon Thong Chai Range at 2,565m.
Most of the country's center is overlooked by the Chao Phraya flood plain, which flows into the Gulf of Thailand. South Thailand is made up of the slender Kra Isthmus, which extends to the Malay Peninsula. Regional variety is the most distinctive feature of Thailand's natural environment.
Chao Phraya and the Mekong River are the essential watercourses of the countryside of Thailand. Covering 320,000 km2, the Gulf of Thailand is supplied by the rivers Chao Phraya, Mae Klong, Bang Pakong and Tapi. Thailand's Gulf East Coast is an economic center of Thailand with the Kingdom's most important deep sea harbour in Sattahip and its most busy trading harbor, Laem Chabang.
Maps have reappeared for a channel that would link the Andaman Sea with the Gulf of Thailand, similar to the channels of Suez and Panama. It was well received by Thailand's political leaders as it would reduce the charges levied by Singapore's ports, enhance links with China and India, shorten transport time, prevent pirates from attacking the Straits of Malacca and help the Thailand government's policies of being the logistics node for South-East Asia.
It is said to be improving the business environment in southern Thailand, which is highly dependent on tourists, and it would also transform the Thai industry by making it a logistics node in Asia. Thailand's climatic influences are due to seasonally occurring mountain monsoons (southwest and north-east monsoon).
59 ]:2 The southwestern moon, which begins from May to October, is characterised by the flow of hot, humid Indian Ocean winds to Thailand, which cause plenty of rains over large parts of the state. 59 ]:2 The North East Moon carries cool and arid Chinese wind over large parts of Thailand from October to February.
59 ]:2 In southeast Thailand the north-east moon provides warm and rainy conditions on the area' s eastside. 59 ]:2 Most of Thailand has a "tropical humid and arid or savannah climate" (Köppen's savannah climate). 60 ] The Philippines and the western tip of the Orient have a tropic moon clima. In Thailand's wilderness it is thought to be 2,000-3,000.
Throughout the world, Thailand is an emergent marketplace. In 2013 Thailand had a GNP of USD 673 billion (based on p. p. p. p. p. p. p. p.). Thailand is the second biggest South-East Asian state after Indonesia. It is at the centre of the distribution of prosperity in Southeast Asia, being the fourth wealthiest people after Singapore, Brunei and Malaysia in terms of per head GNP.
Thailand's capitol and the country's biggest trade and finance city. From 1985 to 1996, Thailand recorded the world's highest average 12. Thailand's recovery began in 1999 and grew by 4.2-4%. Thailand's tourist attraction includes scuba divers, sandbeach, centuries of tropic isles, vibrant nightspots, archeological places, musea, mountain people, wildlife and birdlife, palace, buddhistic temple and several worlds heritage spots.
A lot of travellers attend trainings during their time in Thailand. Favourite lessons in Thailand kitchen, Buddhism and more. Throughout Thailand, international festival venues include Loy Krathong and New Year. A lot of places in Thailand also have their own parties. Thailand's kitchen is known all over the world for the passionate use of seasonings and seasonings.
The" Sunday EVERYING WALKING STREET MARKET", which takes place on Rachadamnoen Road in the old town, is a shop high-light of a trip to Chiang Mai in the north of Thailand. About one-third of the consumed crude is produced in Thailand. Thailand is a large producers of compressed air with a reserve of at least 10 trillion cf.
Most of the non-formal employees are also immigrants, only some of whom have the right to reside in the state. Whilst some Thailand labour legislation provides minimum protection for housekeepers and farmers, it is often fragile and hard to uphold. Moreover, Thailand's OSH does not cover the risk to which many non-formal employees are exposed, such as work-related injuries and benefits, as well as unemployed and pensioners.
As a consequence, labour trade is widespread in the area and affects young and old, men and woman as well as immigrants and Thailandans. In 2016 Thailand had 68,863,514 inhabitants[update]. Thailand's populations are predominantly peasant and are focused on the paddy farming areas of the main, north-eastern and the north.
Thailand had an cities' total 45. Thailand's state-aided genealogy programme led to a drastic decrease in demographic development from 3.1% in 1960 to around 0.4% today. Seven persons were living in a Thai home. As of the 2010 survey, the mean domestic height in Thailand was 3.2 persons.
Thailand Country Report 2011 contains figures for highland and northeastern ethnical groups and refers explicitly to the most important dates of the Mahidol University Ethnolinguistic Maps of Thailand. In the north-east alone, 288 million persons could not be categorized; the total and proportions of other ethnical groups around 1997 are known throughout Thailand and represent minimal densities.
9% ), comprising Thai Lao (14 million) and other smaller Lao groups, namely Thai Loei (400-500,000), Lao Lom (350,000), Lao Wiang/Klang (200,000), Lao Khrang (90,000), Lao Ngaew (30,000) and Lao Ti (10,000; b) six million Khon Muang (9). 5%); f) 500,000 Ngaw (0.8 percent); g) 470,000 Phu Thai (0.8 percent); h) 400,000 Kuy/Kuay (also known as Suay) (0.7 percent) and i) 350,000 Karen (0.6 percent).
Thai is the main religious denomination and Theravada Buddhism, which is practiced by about 95% of the people. Ethno-linguistic maps of Thailand. Thailand's formal Thai is a Tai-Kadai tongue related to Laos, Shan in Myanmar, and many smaller tongues speak in an arch of Hainan and Yunnan just south of the China frontier.
This is the main tongue of formation and governance and is widely used. It' re relying on the Thai native idiom and is in the Thai literate form, an abbugida from the Khmer liter. Sixty two langauges were recognized by the Royal Thai Goverment in the 2011 National Report to the UN Committee on the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, which follows an ethno-linguistic stance and is available from the Department of Rights and Liberties Promotion of the Thai Ministry of Justice.
3 ]:3South Thai is pronounced in the northern counties, and north Thai is pronounced in the counties that used to be part of the sovereign empire of Lan Na. There are four Thai vernaculars for the purpose of the 2011 Royal Thai Government country report which does not recognize all 62 official Thai vernaculars, some of which correspond to local names.
Thailand's biggest minoritarian language is the Laotian idiom Isan, which is used in the north-eastern province. Though sometimes regarded as a Thai accent, it is a Lao accent, and the area where it is traditional was part of the Lao empire of Lan Xang from a historical point of view. The large Thai people also speak of the variety, although the Teochev vernacular is best known.
There are also a number of indigenous vernaculars, among them many Austrian ones like Mon, Khmer, Viet, Mlabri and Orang Asli; Austronese ones like Cham and Moken; Chinese-Tibetan ones like Lawa, Akha and Karen; and other Tai tongues like Tai Yo, Phu Thai and Saek. There' is also a small but historic seventeenth c. m. shantytown in Thailand.
In the 2015 census, 67,328,562 Thais were members of the following denominations: The 2015 census shows that 67,328,562 Thai inhabitants belong to the following regional groups: Public and private healthcare are monitored by the Ministry of Public Heath ( "MOPH") together with several other non-ministerial authorities, with overall Thai spending on healthcare in 2009 being 4.3 per cent of GP.
Thailand's cultural life is influenced by Indian, Laotian, Burma, Cambodia and Chinese, among others. Thailand's main religious denomination, Theravada Buddhism, is at the heart of Thailand's contemporary image. Buddhism in Thailand has developed over the years and encompasses many local convictions derived from Hinduism, animation and ancestralism. Thailand's formal calendars are predicated on the oriental Buddhist era (BE), which is 543 years before the Georgian (western) calender.
The year 2015 is 2558 BE in Thailand, the most stylized type of Thai music. Traditionally, the Thai salute, the whai, is usually given first by the younger of the two, with the fingers squeezed together and the tips of the fingers pointing up, while the forehead is bent to contact the tips of the fingers, which usually coincides with the words "sawatdi khrap" for men and "sawatdi kha" for women.
Like in other Asiatic civilizations, the ancestor is an integral part of Thai religious practices. Senility is the top priority in Thai civilization. In Thailand, it is taboo to touch the mind or point with the legs, as the mind is regarded as the holiest and the legs as the bottom part of the skull.
In recent years, Thailand's social life has been affected by its widespread multilingual print and multimedia world. A number of British and a number of Thailand and China papers are circulating. The majority of general-interest publications in Thailand use British news articles as a glamorous element. In Southeast Asia, Thailand is the biggest paper printing industry with an expected run of over 13 million units per day in 2003.
According to the 2003-2004 Thai media directory, 116 papers, as well as television, TV and television channels, could be seen in the nineteen districts of Isan, the north-eastern part of Thailand. Munay Thai (Thai: ??????, RTGS: Muai Thai, [muaj t?aj], literally "Thai Boxing") is a local type of table tennis and Thailand's favourite game.
This includes kicking, punching, knee and knee punching in a ring with gloved hands similar to those of the West, and this has resulted in Thailand winning Olympic Pit Championship gold at the Olympics. As the most widespread form of sports in Thai today's world, Thai club soccer has surpassed the game.
The Thai international soccer squad has won the AFC Asian Cup six games and made the semi-finals in 1972. They have twice been hosts of the Asian Cup, in 1972 and 2007. Taqraw (Thai: ??????) is a Thailand-based game in which the player can bounce a wicker and may only contact the balls with his legs, knee, chest as well as his or her forehead.
It is also a fast developing game in Thailand with the Thai Republic's 61 st place in the game. 135 ] Thailand was the first nation in the word to stage an 80 weight 80 internation wrestling match in 2005. 136 ] The Thailand Rugsby U (TRU) nationwide contest involves several colleges and service groups including Chulalongkorn University, Mahasarakham University, Kasetsart University, Prince of Songkla University, Thammasat University, Rangsit University, Thai Police, Thai Army, Thai Navy and Royal Thai Air Force.
The British Club of Bangkok, Southerners Sports Club (Bangkok) and Royal Bangkok Sports Club are also participating in the TRU. It was named the gulf capitol of Asia because it is a favourite target for the game. It draws a large number of players from Japan, Korea, Singapore, South Africa and the West who come to Thailand every year to practice their sport.
138] The organic process quality of game, especially among the area gathering and person, is apparent since location are statesman than 200 intercontinental gathering of game education throughout the administrative district, and any of them are darling to adult PGA and LPGA contest, much as Amata Spring Country Club, Alpine Game and Sports Club, Thai Country Club and Black Mountain Game Club.
There are other types of sport in Thailand that are expanding rapidly, while the state is developing its sport facilities. Successes in disciplines such as weight lifting and tae kwondo at the last two Olympic Games have shown that pugilism is no longer the only Olympic gold standard for Thailand. The Rajamangala National Stadium is the largest sport stadium in Thailand.
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