Walls of ávilaávila Walls
Ávila's walls in the centre of Spain, built between the eleventh and fourteenth century, are the most important historical landmark of Ávila. It is an uneven 31 hectare rectangular area with a circumference of approximately 2,516 m, of which 88 are semi-circular tower. Walls have an mean width of 3 m and an mean heigth of 12 m.
Puerta de San Vicente and Puerta del Alcazar (Gate of the Fortress) are bordered by 20-metre high double spires connected by a semi-circular arquit. Apsis of the church is also one of the spires. It' possible to go about half the way across the walls.
While some of the walls will never be negotiable in this way due to their incorporation into other constructions, there is a large part of the walls that has not yet been made pedestrian-proof. Ávila Walls. Apsis view from the eastern side of the walls.
Ávila Walls - Turismo de Ávila
These walls, together with the Romanic cathedrals, were the principal reasons why UNESCO in 1985 added the city to its UNESCO heritage-listing. With a circumference of 2516 metres, 87 towers and 9 gateways, and the walls of Ávila are the best preserved example of its kind in the game.
Guests should not depart the cityscape without feeling the attraction of the walls or exploring the surroundings on foot. Today there are four entrances, one of which is handicapped accessible. During the Middle Ages the walls were built as we know them today, with a circumference of about 2.5 km and the walls, tower and principal door.
Constructed in the twelfth c., the medieval town was always sheltered by walls. Inhabitants found their place inside and outside the walls and formed outskirts around the church parishes, which were erected in times of intensive construction in the Romance architectural stylis. There were other structures connected to the walls, such as the Alcazar.
They were either placed as the real part of the walls, such as the top of the cathedral, or were constructed on the inside, as is the case of the bishop's palace. Though we have no detail of its structure or the participants' name, it was probably constructed by Christian and Mudejarites.
It is believed that the Mudejar peasants are in charge of the sloping frieze of bricks and the masonry that closes off most of the northern and western sides of the walls, as well as the bricks archways that allow easy entry to the towers in the same area. Walls were kept in good condition by the town administration, and the town administration had a works foreman.
Serafín de Tapia's paper described how the maintenances were divided: the chivalrous and noble were in charge of the clock, the townspeople kept guard, the farmers fixed the charm, cleared the trenches and wore the necessary materials, while the Muslims did the work and the Jews did the work. These minorities were also required to keep guard.
You can see how the walls and towers were erected according to the location of the country. Southsides are lower due to the inherent slope on which they are build, while the western and northern sides are more pronounced and the eastern side is most advanced. As a result, the building of the Alcazzar was completed here, the two gateways were strengthened and became the thickest (those of El Alcazzar and San Vicente), and a defensive system with a trench and a barbeque was erected in front of the walls.
Walls will be visited by nine doors leading to the doors of El Alcázar, El Peso de la Harina, San Vicente, El Mariscal, El Carmen, El Adaja, La Malaventura, La Santa or Montenegro and El Rastro. This diversity is also evident in the merlons that enclose the walls and towers, although they all look the same.
Nowadays the walls are reasonably well preserved, but a lot of renovation work was necessary. Since the walls were constructed, regular work has been done, but this has been stepped up in recent years to make defense structures a major touristic area. There are three access points to the walls:
Las Carnicería house (next to the cathedral apse), El Alcazar gate and El Puente gate (this section is open to visitors). These walls have always been part of the city' s history and history, and numerous social and educational activities take place in Ávila.
Please see the website on the walls for more information: