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Myanmar workers in Cambodia face new Thailand challenge Thailand's military coup has caused trouble for tens of millions of migrant labourers from neighbouring Cambodia and Burma, also known as Myanmar. Alongside the Burma frontier, operatives say Thailand's police have closed down illicit crossings and many who travel back and forth to work in Thailand are stranded. An unnamed immigrant labourer informed the VOA services in Burma that everyone who was taken away was in Thailand unlawfully.

Meanwhile, the Labour Attaché of the Burma Embassy in Thailand, Thein Naing, VOA, announced that the prolongation of visas for legitimate Myanmar immigrants has recommenced. When there are full documentation, the embassy in Bangkok will provide the passports." It is also hard for Kampuchean labour. Caram Cambodia CEO Ya Navuth said that undocumented Thai laborers may not know about the sealed border and might not be detained if they try to go back.

The Cambodians were called upon by Ya Navuth to travel to Thailand to postpone their plan. It called on the Embassy of Cambodia in Thailand to keep bringing information to the province where they work. The Embassy of Cambodia in Thailand General Councillor Ros Serey advises Cambodians in Thailand not to travel. There are an approximate 400,000 Cambodians working in Thailand, while more than one million Burmese work in the state.

It has been prepared in cooperation with VOA Khmer and the Myanmariendienst.

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There is agreement that the Karen arrived around 500 BC in what is now known as Burma: the Karen probably came from present-day Mongolia and traveled southwards through three riverbanks: the Mekong and Irrawaddy and Salween dales.

12 ] The Karen have five traditional verbal tales that explain their lineage. Karen " is a general expression that refers to humans in the woods and mountain areas. Karen was never used by the folks to whom it refers today.

Only in the 19th c. did it take some time for the American Christians and the colonists of Britain to call these men "Karen". Sgaw Karen's adoption and acceptance of Christianity offered a way to differentiate themselves from Burma's Buddhists. In order to proselytize more Karen, the Karen evangelists learnt Karen. They then modernized the Karen typeface with the Myanmar language.

Dr. Jonathan Wade was engaged in the creation of lexicons and grammatical regulations for the Pwo and Sgaw Karen vernacular. 1853 Dr. Francis Mason publishes the first scripture in the Sgaw Karen language. The Pwo Karen Scriptures were also written by Pastor D.L. Brayton. Between 1860 - 1890 many Karen were Christian.

The Baptist Collegium in Rangoon opened in 1875 and was later called Karen Collegium. Colleges were constructed and through training Christian Karen learnt English. In this way, this group of Karen was able to enhance their economical, pedagogical and socio-political state. Between 1826 and 1886, the Brits captured Burma.

Karen provided important strategic assistance to the Brits in these Anglo-Burmese Warings. Karen led the English army in the first Anglo-Burmese conflict between 1824 and 1826. Burma's government has tried to prosecute the Karen for this. Several Karen escaped to the territories invaded by the Brits or resisted.

KNA became the Karen National Union or KNU in February 1947, one year before the country's liberation. Like the KNA-Charta of 1881, the KNU-Charta of 1947 covered all Karen, regardless of sub-group, creed or school. 49 ] In 1947, the KNU constituted the KNU's armoured wings, the Karen National Liberation Army or KNLA.

The territory of the so-called Karen state virtually as a goverment, which includes the collection of tax. Whereas the Karen were only 10% of Burma's people at the Nazi era, the Karen were the biggest group in the Burma military. On January 31, 1949, the Karen National Union proclaimed a declaration of intent to wage martial law against the Myanmar authorities.

The Karen state has to be recognized. It was a noteworthy trend that celebrities like General Smith Dun declined to join the uprising. BSM was a heritage of settlement and many employees sympathized with the Karen. Three Karen factions took part in the 2010 national election in Myanmar.

Every political group tried in its own way to arouse the interest of the Karen. Kayin People's Parties (KPP) were founded in early 2010 by Christian Karen from the Yangon and Irrawaddy Rivers. They alienate some of the Karen who grew up and learned to mistrust anyone associated with the state.

CPP was given one office in the house of Lords, one in the lower chamber and four offices in the Karen state meeting, i.e. a grand total of six in all. Phalon Sawaw Democratic Party (PSDP) also took part in the 2010 election and is mainly composed of Buddhist Karen. PSDP received nine places (three in the upper chamber, two in the lower chamber and four in the Karen state assembly).

The Karen State Democracy and Development Party (KSDDP) was founded in August 2010 by individuals associated with the DKBA government. 120 ] In recent years, therefore, civic organizations have been playing an important part in involving the Karen tribe in Burma's policies. Myanmar Peace Monitor: "Myanmar: Ending the longest civilian conflict in the world".

Gravers, M., "The Karen Making of a Nation." in: Asiatic Types of the Nations, Stein Tonnesson and Hans Antlöv, ed. "and the politicization of Burmese ethnicity", in: TRANSFORMATION: The Journal of Burma Studies, vol. 7, 2002, pp. 84 - 144, pp. 85, 92-95. Thawnghmung, A. Maung, The Karen Revolution in Burma:

Burma's Karens. Hinton, P., "Do the Karen really exist?" in: Brant, Charles S. and Mi Mi Mi Kanhaing, "missionaries among the mountain tribes of Burma", in: Smith, Burma. P. 51. Smith, Burma. pp. 391-392. Smith, Burma. P. 64. Smith, Burma. pp. 62-64 and 72.

Smith, Burma. P. 62 - 64. Smith, Burma. P. 83. Smith, Burma. P. 77. Smith, Burma. P. 86. Smith, Burma. pp. 110-117. Smith, Burma. P. 116. Smith, Burma. P. 111. Smith, Burma. P. 117. Smith, Burma. P. 118. Smith, Burma. p. 391.

Smith, Burma. pp. 294 - 295 and 297. Smith, Burma. p. 298. Smith, Burma. P. 446. Smith, Burma. p. 449. Smith, Burma. P. 448. Smith, Burma. p. 297 - 298. Smith, Burma. p. 395. Smith, Burma. p. 283 - 284.

Myanmar: Myanmar signs historic truce with eight ethnic armies. "after the Myanmar army returned to Karen state." "against the Karen return to war in Myanmar." "the controversial road project in Karen State." Smith, Burma. p. 280. M. and M. Aung-Thwin, A story of Myanmar since antiquity.

Brant, Charles S. and Mi Mi Mi directly, "missionaries among the mountain tribes of Burma", in: Brouwer, Jelmer & Joris van Wijk (2013) "Helping hands: outside assistance for the KNU uprising in Burma" in: The war and the state building in Burma. Burma's Karens. Gravers, M., "The Karen Making of a Nation." In:

Asiatic Types of the Nation, Stein Tonnesson and Hans Antlöv, ed. "and the politicization of Burmese ethnicity", in: TRANSFORMATION: The Journal of Burma Studies, vol. 7, 2002, pp. 84 - 144. Hinton, P., "Do the Karen really exist?" in: Marshall, Harry I., the Karen tribe in Burma.

Myint-U, Thant, The Making of Contemporary Burma, Cambridge University Press : Comments from the Karen of Burma. Christians, Karens, colonists and the creation of a nation of Burma. Seldh, A., "Race and Opposition in Burma, 1942 - 1945" in: Contemporary Asia Studies Volume 20, Vol. 3, 1987, pp. 483 - 507.

Silverstein, J., "Ethnic Protests in Burma: Center for Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong: Hong Kong, 1987. p. 81 - 94. Smith, Martin J., Burma: Uprising and the policy of race. The Anatomy of the Karen War. International Institute and Burma Center Netherlands: Thawnghmung, A. Maung, The Karen Revolution in Burma:

" Myanmar Policy Briefing No. 12, Transnational Institute and Burma Centre The Netherlands: After sixty years of war in Burma" PhD. Charney, Michael W., A history of Modern Burma. Fredholm, M., Burma: Holliday, I., Burma Redux: Global justice and the search for Myanmar's policy reforms. Prospects of the Myanmar Nationwide Conciliation.

The National University of Singapore Press: Keyes, Charles F. (ed), Ethnic Adaptation and Identity: Karen on the Thai border to Burma. Marks, Thomas A., "The Karen Uprising in Burma." In: Editions and Studies Volume 14, Edition 12, pp. 48 - 84. Karen in Burma and Thailand." In:

Ethnical groups across national borders in Southeast Asia. Go Wijeyewardene, ed. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies: Renard, Ronald D., "The Karen Rebellion in Burma." In: Smith, Martin J., "Ethnic Politics and Local Development in Myanmar: Myanmar: South A: Ethnical Politics in Burma: A: "Karen Nationalist Communities: Thousand-year-old Buddhist sect among the Karen." In:

This is The Journal of Asian Studies Vol. 27, Vol. 2, p. 297 - 328. Taylor, Robert H., The state in Burma. Curtis N., Thomson, "Political Stability and Minorities in Burma", in: Tinker, H. (ed.), Burma: Walton, Matthew J., "Ethnicity, Dispute and Burma History: Yhome, K., Myanmar.

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