Voa Myanmar new today 2016Myanmar Voa new today 2016
The rebels' tenseness increases with the Myanmar army's offensive
A Kachin Independence Army (KIA) drills-servant screams "commands to about 100 young troops, some hardly out of their teenagers" under the burning mid-day light. They are tired when they come back to their military base in a military academy near Laiza, a city in a mountainside near the KIA frontier with China, which is also the KIA's most important city.
Many of the squads, many of whom came from areas of administration to work for the CIA on a voluntary basis, are about to complete four month of schooling. Fights in the state of Kachin have been escalating since mid-August, when Myanmar's army started its toughest drought campaign in two years. He is trying to take a strategically important mountain peak named Gidon, about 30 kilometres northern of Laiza, according to the MIA.
"The Gidon is the safety guard that protects our Laitsa and Laitsa headquarters," said Lieutenant Colonel Naw Bu, a KIA spokesperson who was questioned in his offices at the end of October. "Now, the Burma military is deploying more forces and arms into the area, complete with heavier ordnance, so the fights are likely to get even tougher.
Increasing levels of force threaten to erode the work of Aung San Suu Kyi's young National League for Democracy (NLD) administration to restart the Myanmar peacemaking effort and create a dynamic democracy that puts an end to decade-long interethnic clash. In Lawa Yang Post, in the hills a few leagues southwards of Laiza, the KIA force is operating within sight.
" A large number of Laitsa civilists and Kachin insurgents voiced their frustration that the military, also known as the Tatmadaw, was launching an attack while openly involved in the effort of the National Liberation Front (NLD) to bring about a national ceasefire and start discussions on reforming Myanmar's policy-making. "KIO, the general population and other ethnical groups are trying to work with the National Democratic People's Party (NLD) for the cause of freedom, but the Tatmadaw do not want to allow any kind of policy dialogue," said Lieutenant Colonel Zhau Hpan, in command of the Lawa Yang Post.
He said the Armed Forces wanted to continue to fight to delay changes to the 2008 state. Following her inauguration at the beginning of April, State Councillor and de facto Head of State Aung San Suu Kyi quickly tried to get the former quasi-civilian government's peacemaking processes back on track. Last year it withdrew a so-called national ceasefire with eight groups of rebels, but another 12 groups - among them the KIA - decided against it.
At the end of August, the NLD hosted its first ever peacemaking meeting. It was a meeting that was intensely integrative but largely formal, attended by the mighty leader of the armed forces, Min Aung Hlaing, high-ranking civil servants and 17 groups of nationalities. Since then, however, the armed forces have intensified the operation in Kachin and in the Shan and Karen states.
He was fighting a group of rebels in Karen. There is little parliamentary sovereignty over defence missions, as the Constitutional Treaty provides immediate judicial oversight over defence, interior and frontier mines. It also centralises Myanmar's state and regional powers with the Naypyitaw administration, a longstanding offense to the country's many nationalities.
Kachin, who live in areas of rebellion, have mistrusted the Armed Forces since their latest attack and their choice to stop or obstruct relief floods from passing over the front line in order to enter their isolation. They blame the armed forces for the prevention of relief supplies, which have already been cut back by decreasing UN-deductions.
Recently, nine of Kachin's nine community relief agencies claimed that the army had politicized relief shipments through its intrusion. "Tatmadaw is systematically hindering the transport of foods to the most needy areas in Kachin State," the NGOs said in a statement published last months. An eldest at the Pa Kawthang displaced persons centre near Mai Ja Yang, another KIA-controlled city about 80 kilometres southwest of Laiza, Naw Lu said that relief shipments had recently been restricted to sporadic shipments of paddy, seaweed, and shale.
"The 68-year-old said, "We do not anticipate there will be a peaceful solution soon. "but Min Aung Hlaing is still at war. NLD leaders have kept silent about the collisions and are trying to press ahead with further encounters with the military, the KIA and other groups of rebels.
"It is very difficult in the present context to find out the reason for the fighting," said Zaw Htay, who spoke for the presidential office. Military action seriously undermines and undermines the peaceful negotiations, said Sai Kyaw Nyunt, a member of the peacemaking processes and a member of the great Shan National League for Democracy ethnical group.
"How will the KIA be involved in the war? It is very hard for them," he said, and added that the surgeries raised doubts about the army's readiness to amend the draft as both the NLD and grass-roots groups want. "Tatmadaw seem to be considering whether or not they are with this administration, and it seems they do not entirely agree," he said.