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Myanmar, conservationists work together to rescue the elephant

There is a long tradition of wildlife in Myanmar, the land also known as Burma. It was a symbolic force for the army that governed the land for more than 50 years until a civil rule came into office in 2016. However, the life of wild animals is threatened.

Today, Myanmar still has about 2,000 elephant and 5,000 imprisoned. However, nature conservators are warning that the elephant is loosing its habitat. The growing human conflicts and the illicit selling of the elephant and its parts could lead to the Asian elephant becoming extinct in Myanmar.

Myanmar Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has released the Myanmar Elephant Conservation Plan (MECAP). Its aim is to lead the policy for the elephant population in Myanmar for the next 100 years or more. He is a leading consultant to the Wildlife Conservation Society. Said to VOA by e-mail that the Myanmar government had agreed to request a survey of the elephant threat.

The MECAP comprises a set of ten-year roadmaps and an overall approach to the protection of Myanmar's eldeaf. A major risk to the lives of Myanmar's wildlife, especially their skins, is the illicit cull. "It has been claimed that slaughter is a small menace to Asiatic bulls because some men and all women are lacking tusks," the story says.

However, the story also says that they poach bulls for flesh and leathers and for their tooths. She is the Regional Manager of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in Myanmar. In the last few years, she tells VOA that the number of 11 animals that have been slaughtered for her body in Myanmar has increased.

Mr Williams said that when WWF explorers travelled to frontier cities in 2016, few stores sold bullhead. However, when they came back about a year later, "about 80 percent[of the stores] sold bullskin," he said. Williams said that one of the biggest problems in fighting the illicit sales of elephants is the small size of the workforce and the shortage of moneys.

Many of the frontier cities where bullskins are for sale are not under state supervision either. It calls for an increased staffing and awareness-raising effort to show the public that the sale of parts of elephants for sale is inadmissible. A further issue was the increasing dispute between man and bull. ark Grinley is senior researcher for the NGO Fauna & Flora International Myanmar.

Because of the impact of the enhanced interactions between man and bull, both have been injured and killed. Proposals for addressing the topic comprise the development of a nationwide managment scheme and support for current cattle. Another idea is to set up a system of warnings so that the public knows when there will be animals around. While Myanmar is developing, the question of protecting wild animals will not disappear, Grinley said.

Suzan Shand has adopted it for VOA Learning English.

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