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Viktoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 - 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her deaths..... XVictoria was the daugther of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the 4th child of King George III. The Duke and the King both passed away in 1820, and Victoria was brought up under strict oversight by her dam, Princess Victoria von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld.
In private, Victoria tried to affect governance and nominations at the level of ministers; in public, she became a public nationally recognized symbol of strong moral norms. In 1840 Victoria got to marry her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxony-Coburg and Gotha. Her nine grandchildren got together in king and aristocratic couples all over the country and earned her the nickname "the Grandma of Europe".
Victoria fell into grief after Albert's deaths in 1861 and shunned the appearance in the open. Their rule of 63 years and seven month was longer than that of their forerunners and is called the Victorian Age. After his second trip in October 1839, Victoria praised Albert further.
Albert-Victoria had a sense of love for each other and the Queen suggested to him on October 15, 1839, just five nights after he came to Windsor. They got remarried on 10 February 1840 in the Chapel Royal des St. James's Palace, London. She was infatuated. While Victoria was pregnant in 1840, in the first few month of her husbandhood, 18-year-old Edward Oxford tried to murder her as she drove in a coach with Prince Albert on her way to her mum.
63 ] Immediately after the assault, Victoria's appeal increased and mitigated the remaining dissatisfaction with the Hastings case and the bed-chamber war. Your daugther, also called Victoria, was borne on November 21, 1840. Queen abhorred being pregnant, saw breastfeeding with revulsion, and thought newborns were atrocious. Nevertheless, she and Albert had eight more offspring in the following seventeen years:
Albert Edward (born 1841), Alice (born 1843), Alfred (born 1844), Helena (born 1846), Louise (born 1848), Arthur (born 1850), Leopold (born 1853) and Beatrice (born 1857). Russell's department, although Whig, was not preferred by the Queen. 94 ] She found the Foreign Minister Lord Palmerston particularly insulting, who often took action without consultation with the Cabinet, the Prime Minister or the Queen.
95 ] Victoria lodged a complaint with Russell that Palmerston sent formal messages to overseas chiefs without her knowing, but Palmerston remained in charge and remained acting on her own authority, despite her recurrent accusations. Victoria's oldest daugther, Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia, got remarried in London eleven after Orsini's attack in France.
You were engaged from September 1855, when Princess Victoria was 14 years old; the wedding was postponed by Queen and Prince Albert until the newlyweds were 17 years old. 108 ] The Queen and Albert were hoping that their daughters and their son-in-law would exert a liberalizing effect on the expanding state of Prussia.
109 ] Victoria felt "sick in her heart" when she saw her little girl leaving England for Germany; "It really makes me shiver," she writes in one of her regular correspondence to Princess Victoria, "when I look around at all your cute, lucky, subconscious nurses and think that I have to give them up too - one by one.
"Almost exactly one year later, Princess Victoria gave birth to the Queen's first grandson, Wilhelm, who was to become the last emperor of Germany. After the defeat of his household in 1885, Victoria was delighted when Gladstone stepped down. Salisbury's administration took only a few month, however, and Victoria was compelled to remember Gladstone, whom she described as "a half-crazed & in many ways laughable old man".
173 ] Gladstone tried to enact a law that granted Ireland domination, but to Victoria's delight it was overthrown. Victoria, with a term of 63 years, seven month and two day, was the longest ruling female Briton and the longest ruling female ruler in the entire universe until her great-granddaughter Elizabeth II overtook her on September 9, 2015.
Viktoria had a good time. Victoria's connections to the European kings gave her the epithet "the Grandma of Europe". Victoria and Albert had 42 grandkids, 34 of whom lived to an adult age. Her offspring are Elizabeth II, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Harald V of Norway, Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Margrethe II of Denmark and Felipe VI of Spain.
The places that have been given her name are the biggest lakes in Africa, Victoria Falls, the capital cities of Victoria (British Columbia) and Regina (Saskatchewan) and two Australia states (Victoria and Queensland). Incorporated in 1856 to honour brave deeds during the Crimean War, the Victoria Cross remained the highest distinction for dares.
The Victoria Day is a legal federal day and a festive day in parts of Scotland on the last Monday before or on 24 May (Queen Victoria's birthday). Victoria used the United Kingdom's King's coat in his sovereign title. 1901Married 1858, Frederick, later German Emperor and King of Prussia (1831-1888); 1910Married 1863, Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925); 1878Married 1862, Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and on the Rhine (1837-1892); 1900Married 1874, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (1853-1920);
1923Married 1866, Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (1831-1917); 1939Married 1871, John Campbell, Marquis of Lorne, later ninth Duke of Argyll (1845-1914); 1942Married 1879, Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860-1917); 1884Married 1882, Princess Helena von Waldeck and Pyrmont (1861-1922); 1944Married 1885, Prince Heinrich von Battenberg (1858-1896); Her patrons were Emperor Alexander I of Russia (represented by her uncles the Duke of York), her uncles the Prince Regent, her aunts Queen Charlotte of Württemberg (represented by Victoria's aunts Princess Augusta) and Victoria's motherly grandma the Duchess of Saxony-Coburg-Saalfeld (represented by Victoria's aunts Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh).
Pursuant to Section 2 of the Regency Act of 1830, the Accession Council proclaimed Victoria to succeed the King "to save the prerogatives of His deceased Majesty King William IV, which may be carried by His deceased Majesty". This is the heroic of the European Heralds. The sound files were produced from a revised version of the report " for members of the Great Britains.
Wherever a Princess is more than once a descendant of George I, her oldest lineage, by which she carried or carries her name, is used.