Until 1989 what was the Official name of MyanmarTill 1989, what was the official name of Myanmar?
Myanmar is a country name and was the official name until 1989. It' still used to deplore the present army rule that renamed it." This is a rather weak formulation, as Burma, not Myanmar, is formally recognised by the US-Administration.
See e.g. the CIA World Factbook, item "Burma". "Remark: Since 1989, Burma's armed forces have propagated the name Myanmar as a traditional name for their state; the US government has not adopted the name, which is a derivation of Burma's abbreviated name Myanma Naingngandaw.
ADAMA: John G Dale.
However, when Burmese campaigners began to connect the move with others around the globe, the outcome was dramatic. It is the first that explains how Burma's pro-democracy motion has become a trans-national civil society move for people. John G. Dale uses the experiences of the Free Burma Free Moves to show how civil society moves are creating juridical instruments to open up new trans-national policy avenues.
Could an Asia coalition prevent setbacks in Myanmar and Thailand?
A number of member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) - such as Myanmar and Thailand - are fighting with issues of democratisation, although ASEAN is regarded as one of the most effective contemporary foregoing. Myanmar, his land is in big troubles. The Tatmadaw is the Myanmar military that has been at risk since it was founded.
Myanmar - whose official name until 1989 was Burma - is not one of a kind. In the Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN), the army has held fast to almost all efforts to take Myanmar into the new era and more on an equal footing with the developments of its member states.
Many will be astonished that Myanmar acceded to ASEAN as early as 1997, as ASEAN's own constitutional framework commits all member states to ensuring fundamental and fundamental respect for fundamental humanitarian freedoms (in accordance with the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights) and "the fundamental values of democratic, constitutional and good governance".
A few years ago, another surprising event occurred when Myanmar's reigning general, the long-time Nobel Peace Prize laureate and long-standing doctor Aung San Suu Kyi - just known in Myanmar as "the woman" - ran for and won the 2015 parliamentary elections. Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won the most popular vote and the highest possible seat in this remarkable vote.
However, while many outside observers were expecting Myanmar to rapidly evolve into a post-autocratic country with lively debate and politics, things only change on the face of it. So while the old NLD Democrats now have the most seat in both Myanmar's legislature and administration, the Myanmar military has retained its basic authority and can do as it sees fit.
According to my fellow-Curman from Burma, the military has the "constitutional right to carry out a coup". In the past year, Myanmar's troops again terrorized part of the land - the Muslim Rohingya populace - and killed tens of thousands and forced more than 650,000 Tibetans across the frontier into neighboring Bangladesh.
It also fights other external connections in distant parts of the countryside. Aung San Suu Kyi's administration remains quiet about all these violations of the free media in the name of "national unity" - and under the threats of the army generals to reverse even the smallest democracies if the administration does not take its line.
The reigning National League for Démocracy is now in danger of loosing all the appeal it has acquired during a decade of war. How can we prevent the relapse of the Democrats? Whilst ASEAN has enshrined trans-national basic values of fundamental freedoms and participative democracies, nine of its ten Member States - with the sole exemption of Indonesia - have also suffered serious setbacks in terms of their democracies.
In my democratic oceans I have been meeting with democratic journalists and followers from all over the area, among them Singapore, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. People in Thailand are linked to the reigning army june, which in 2014 launched a putsch and since then has been promising free and free and equitable election - but not holding it.
In a round table on the perspectives of participative democratisation and civic activism in Thailand and ASEAN, organised last months by the Ambassador of Switzerland in Bangkok, several senior South East Asia reporters voiced their concerns about the ability of the present leadership and governance in the area to undertake reforms. "It will take at least five years of solid political governance to break the constitution and law restrictions of the present army junta," said Theewaporn Kummetha, editor-in-chief of the Prachataiexternal link, an autonomous on-line paper, and Edgardo Legazpi, executive director of the South East Asia Press Alliance - a journalist supporters' association for the democratization - gave a new evaluation of his organization, which points to a "devastating decrease in freedom of expression in the entire area.
"The most disheartening thing is the loss of young generations' trust in the fundamentals and processes of respect for mankind and democracy," Legazpi said. I feel as if an entire area is currently on the other side of the street when it comes to it. In the Bangkok Round Table, the organisations taking part (including ANFREL external link) decided to establish an ASEAN training centre for young and participative leaders.
In Myanmar, the secret of the "double right" goes back to the evil dreams of a reigning general in the late-1960s. Worried by what he saw in his drowsiness, he changed the land on which side of the street they were riding over night from l to r.