Turkmenistan WeatherTorkmenistan Weather
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The temperature in Ashgabat varies between 46°C (114°F) in summers and -5°C (23°F) in winters, although it is known to be as low as -22°C (-8°F) in the extremities. The temperature in the deserts can rise to 122°F (50°C) during the days in hot summers before dropping quickly at nights. The temperature can range from -10 to -15°C (14 to 15°F) in winters.
Heavy-weights should be taken along for a visit in summer. The Turkmenistan border on Kazakhstan to the North, Uzbekistan to the Easter, Afghanistan to the SE and Iran to the S.. Almost 80% of the land is occupied by the Kara-Kum (Black Sand) desert, the biggest in theUS. Amu Darya River, the longest watering channel in the word, extends 1,100 km (687 miles) from the Amu Darya River in the west through Ashgabat before it leads the remainder of the way to the Caspian Sea.
Temperatures, rainfall, when to go, what to grab
warm and sun-drenched mornings. Due to the different amounts of freshly drafted compressed outdoors, the weather is instable and can lead to heat waves and colds. They are also deserts, but in Winter they are softer, while in Sommer they are a little less warm but wetter.
The Sarygamysh Lake, once part of the Aral Sea and nourished by a part of the Amu Darya River, can be found in the northern part of the area that was once inhabited by the Aral Sea. Winters are chilly in the northern hemisphere, but mild in the middle and south: in January the mean temperatures in the northern hemisphere fall below zero (0°C or 32°F) and in the southern hemisphere they rise to around 5/6°C (41/43°F).
Summers are warm everywhere: the daytime mean temperatures in July are 27/28 C in the northern and on the banks of the Caspian Sea, and even above 30 C in the middle and souther. Southwest is the most mild area of the land, which is less chilly in winters and less warm in summers, but moister because of the marshy areas that are there and the Caspian Sea water.
like Kopet Dag (or Turkmen khorasan), from whose hillsides can come down sharp breezes, resulting in a quick rise in temperatures. However, there are no barriers in the northern part, so from April to October, but rather from November to March, cool breezes of Siberia' s origins can enter the land with ease at the foot of Kopet Dag, from where high, warmer and drier downward wind can blast all year round.
Ashgabat has 220 millimeters of rain per year, so we are on a desert-like level, but it is still more than in other areas because of the closeness to the mountain; the rainy season is winters and springs. This is the mean rainfall. Sunshine is a little chilly but not ice-cold: the January mean is 39°F (4°C) and the temperatures can be reasonable over a long period of time.
Southerly winds can increase the weather conditions to about 20/25 C (68/77 F) even in winters. However, sometimes cool winds from Siberia can cause freezing spells, with freezing nights around -10/-15 °C (5/14 °F), sometimes even lower. Summers, from June to August, are hot, with maximum values around 37/38 °C (99/100 °F), but with peak values of 40/42 °C (104/108 °F).
These are the mean temperature of Ashgabat. In Ashgabat the sundown is regular in summers, while it is not very common in winters. The Turkmenbashy (formerly Krasnovodsk), situated further northern, on the Caspian Sea coastline, but it is temperate by the water of the Great Saline Sea, therefore has a similar climate: the January mean is 3.5 C (38.5 F), but even this town is not free of cool winters; the July mean is 28.
In Turkmenbashy the yearly rainfall, 125 mm (4. 9 in), is characteristic for a deserts climat. This is the mean rainfall. In the southern most part of the Caspian Sea, near the Iranian frontier, winters become even softer, while summers become less warm, but much muggier.
However, intensive southern hot spells and freezing winters are also possible here. These are the Esenguly temperature averages. In the far northern part, in Dashoguz (ex Tashauz), the January mean falls to -3.5 °C (25.5 °F), while in July it is 28 °C (82 °F).
As a result, the summers are still warm, while winters are much cooler and freezing spells occur more frequently, where the troughs can fall to around -20/-25°F. These are the mean temperature. in order to prevent the extremes of temperature characteristic of the countryside, especially in April and October, taking into account the fact that it can become chilly at any rate at night, especially in the northern regions, and that it can become warm during the days, especially in the southern regions.
If you are in the capitol and in the sun, where the summers are longer, you can select the period from mid-March to mid-April and from mid-October to mid-November: in Ashgabat and the capitals of the centre and north, you will find a range of garments, sweaters, down jackets, scarves for the winds, prepared to take off the outside layers on balmy weather but also to dress warmly in colder weather, with a coat of coat, skirt, scarf or mitten.
To the far northern parts of the country, in Dashoguz and at Sarygamysh Lake, very hot clothing is almost always necessary: loosely cut clothing made of nature (cotton or linen), a coneflower, dune turtleneck, a sweater for the evenings, a soft sweat shirt for the Caspian Sea blow.