n], lists (help-info)) is a traditionally universities city in the center of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany. Located 30 km southwards of the state capitol Stuttgart on a crest between Neckar and Ammer. Since 2014 [update] about every third person who lives in Tuebingen has been a college graduate.
Directly northern of the hometown is Schönbuch, a natural reserve rich in forests. Schwäbische Alb rises about 13 km (as the crow flies Tübingen-City to Roßberg - 869 m) from Tübingen. Ammer and Steinlach flow into the Neckar flowing directly through the old part of the village to the east, just southern of the old one.
Much of the inner part of the twentieth century is undulating, the Schlossberg and the Österberg in the inner part, as well as the Schnarrenberg and Herrlesberg, among others, rise directly to the inner part. Bebenhausen in the Schönbuchwald is about 500 meters above sealevel, the highest point is 305 meters in the Neckar valley.
Near the Botanical Garden of the town' s Universities, in a small wood named Elysium, is the geographic center of Baden-Württemberg. Tuebingen is the capitol of an homonymous county and an homonymous government county, before 1973 named Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern. Tuebingen is with the near Reutlingen (approx. 15 km east) one of the two centres of the regional Neckar-Alb.
It is not part of the Stuttgart administrative area and borders on it in the west and east (Esslingen County in the south and Böblingen County in the west). The town and the northerly parts of its county can, however, be considered as part of the county in the broader local and culture contexts.
Romans made their mark here in 85 AD when they constructed a border along the Neckar. Tuebingen itself is from the sixth or seventh centuries, when the Alamanni inhabited the area. In fact, some even claim that the Battle of Solicinium on Spitzberg, a hill in Tübingen, was beaten in 367 A.D., although there is no proof of it.
Tuebingen was first mentioned in a document in 1191, and the Hohentuebingen Burg has notes dating back to 1078, when it was sieged by Henry IV, the Emperor of Germany, and the name of which was given in medieval Latin as Tuingia and Twingia. In 1146 Graf Hugo V. (1125-52) was appointed counts palatine, and as Hugo I. he established Tübingen as the capitol of a counts palatine of Tübingen.
Tübingen was in 1231 a citizens' initiative, which indicated the acknowledgement of civic freedoms and a judicial system. 1262 Pope Alexander IV founded an Augustine convent in Tübingen, followed by a Franziskanerkloster in 1272. Tübingen, Neckar Front. Abbey churches offered the possibility for what soon afterwards became the most important historical experience in Tübingen: the foundation of the Eberhard-Karls-Universität by Duke Eberhard in the beard of Württemberg in 1477 and thus one of the oldest central European university.
Today, the campus is still the largest revenue stream for the city's inhabitants and, with more than 22,000 student population, one of the largest German campuses. The town was attacked in the sommer of 1631. The plague struck the town in 1635/36. 1638 Sweden captured Tübingen.
At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the town was conquered by a group of France from 1647 to 1649. The Allgemeine Zeitung, a major German daily in the early nineteenth and early nineteenth centuries, was established by Johann Friedrich Cotta in Tübingen in 1798. Between 1807 and 1843 the writer Friedrich Hölderlin was living in Tübingen in a lighthouse above the Neckar river.
During the Nazi period, the Tübingen synagogue was burnt down during Kristallnacht on 9 November 1938. World War II largely kept the town intact, mainly due to the peacemaking efforts of the locals physician Theodor Dobler. Between 1946 and 1952, Tübingen was the capitol of the new state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern (French: Tubingue), before the state of Baden-Württemberg was founded by the merger of Baden, Württemberg-Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern.
Until the end of the Cold War in the 90s, France's forces had deployed a military unit in the southern part of the town. Tübingen was one of the centers of the 1968 protests and of the students' movements in Germany in the sixties, and since then has influenced leftist and Greens' politics.
A number of radicalised Tübingen college graduates backed the left-wing terror group Red Army Faction, to which Gudrun Ensslin, a Tübingen 1960-1963 resident and a Tübingen college graduate, joined in 1968. Though it is largely undetectable today, Tübingen was still a very socio-economically split town in the early 50s, where impoverished locals, peasants and craftsmen lived on the moat and college graduates and scholars lived near the Alte Aula and the Burse, the old college building.
The most remarkable is Bebenhausen, a small town around a fortress, and Bebenhausen Abbey, a 3.2 kilometre long monastery of the Cistercians around Tübingen. By 2011 [update] the town had 89,000 residents. About 25,800 people live in the town. Tuebingen can best be described as a blend of old and noble scholarly atmosphere, which includes on the one side liberals and greens and on the other side traditionally German-language sorority groups, with a rural-agricultural environment and marked by characteristic Lutheran-pietist features such as thrift and Lutheran work morale, and on the other side traditionally Lutheran-pietist features such as thrift, order and order.
There are many quaint houses from earlier times and the Neckar river is the main river. 1995 The weeklies Focus publish a nationwide poll which shows that Tübingen had the highest living standard of all towns in Germany. Among other things, the following were considered: the infrastructural features, the incorporation of cycle paths into the street network, a system of buses linking the neighbouring hill and valley, the nightlife, the districts within walking distance, the pedestrian-friendly Old Quarter and other facilities and activities of the school.
Tuebingen is the town with the youngest median inhabitant in Germany. The Neckar River splits briefly into two brooks in the centre of Tübingen and forms the long Neckar Isle, known for its alley of planes with high planes, some of which are over 200 years old. Walkers access the islands via staircases at the small ends, which lead down from two footbridges across the Neckar river.
Tübingen's attractions range from sloping cobble stone paths, small alleys meandering through rolling countryside, roads bordered by channels and well-preserved old half-timbered cottages. Among the emblems of the old city are the city hall on the market square and Hohentübingen Palace, which today belongs to the University of Tübingen.
The collegiate was one of the first to be converted to the Lutheran Evangelical churches of Martin Luther, along with the remainder of the old part of the fortress. Beneath the Rathaus there is a peaceful housing estate named Judengasse, the former Tübingen quarter until 1477 when the city's Jews were driven out. In the center of Tübingen take place once a week and seasonally meetings, among them regularly Markttage at the wood place of the pin-church and in the square of the Rathaus, an outside movie theater in the season and summers, solemn fall and Christmas fairs as well as of Europe biggest Afrobrasilian Festival.
Even in summers, Neckar is visited by visitors and visitors to the Neckar River to see the breweries, or to go for a slender ride in Tübingen's Oxford and Cambridge Point-equivalent, the Stocherkähne. The Bebenhausen monastery is located in the Bebenhausen hamlet, a part of Tübingen. The Jakobsweg begins here and leads through Tübingen.
Tuebingen has a remarkable art scene and a distinctive night life. Besides the complete list of formal and informal academic activities, which ranges from the presentation of the formal writer in the residency of the institution to a party organised by the students' organisations of the individual faculties, the city has several choral societies, theatrical groups and night clubs.
Among the important Tübingen inhabitants and scientists were the writers Friedrich Hölderlin, Eduard Mörike and Ludwig Uhland, the neurorologist Alois Alzheimer, from whom Alzheimer's gave his name, and Friedrich Miescher, who was the first to detect Nucleinsaeure. William Schickard, who was the forerunner of the mechanic calculating unit, was borne in Herrenberg.
George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Schelling, David Friedrich Strauss and Johannes Kepler were students in Tübingen at the Tübinger Stift, and Joseph Alois Ratzinger (Pope Benedict XVI) had a professorship for doctrinal dogmatics at the Universität. From 1895 to 1899 Hermann Hesse was a trained bookshop apprentice in Tübingen. Friedrich Silcher, the most celebrated Tübingen musician, was active as musical director of the Tübingen Universität from 1817 to 1860.
Carl Eytel, a painter of the arid wilderness, trained forest management in Tübingen before moving to America in 1885 and finally establishing himself in Palm Springs, California. Tuebingen is also home to internationally renowned scientists such as the idealistic thinker Immanuel Hermann von Fichte, theologian Hans Küng, the lawyer Gerhard Anschütz, the renowned writer Walter Jens and Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard.
The Slovenian fugitive protester Primo? Trubar, who edited the first two volumes in Slovenian and is considered the main Slovenian reconsolidator, lives and is interred in Tübingen and its Derendingen area. The former Federal President Horst Köhler is also a Tübingen aluminium minister, as is the former Federal Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger.
The Nobel Prize and humanist Albert Schweitzer wrote his doctoral dissertation in Tübingen in 1899. Tuebingen is also the home town of the former athletic Dieter Baumann, who won 5000 metres at the 1992 Summer Olympics. Felicia Langer, the award-winning Israelis' advocate for fundamental freedoms, took up a lectureship in Tübingen in 1990 and has lived there ever since.
Sigi Schmid, the US football trainer who won the Major League Football Championship with the Los Angeles Galaxy and Columbus crews and was USA assistance trainer at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, was originally from Tübingen and grew up in Torrance, California. Tuebingen (below right) at the Neckar in the south west of Germany.
Despina Vandi, a vocalist from Greece, was originally from Tübingen, although her parents returned to Greece at the age of six. Tuebingen is subdivided into 22 administrative counties, a centre with twelve administrative counties (approx. 51,000 inhabitants) and ten outlying areas (suburbs) (approx. 31,000 inhabitants): Quarter:
Outskirts: Tuebingen's number of inhabitants has almost doubled since the Second World War from around 45,000 to 88,000 today, partly due to the integration of formerly autonomous towns into the town in the seventies. Tuebingen is a partner country: In 1965, the Council of Europe presented Tübingen and Aix-en-Provence with the European Prize for their engagement in the field of transnational partnerships.
Tuebingen is approx. 35 km away (21. Tuebingen is located on the B27, which runs through Baden-Württemberg and connects the city with Würzburg, Heilbronn, Stuttgart and the Stuttgart Airport in the northern part as well as Rottweil and Donaueschingen in the southern part. Tuebingen Hauptbahnhof is on the regionally training line Neckar-Alb Railway (Neckar-Alb-Bahn) from Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof via Esslingen and Reutlingen to Tuebingen.
Further local routes are the Hohenzollerische Landesbahn, which connects the Hohenzollerische Landesbahn with Hechingen and Sigmaringen (so-called Zollernalb-Bahn), the Zollernalbbahn and the links to Herrenberg (Ammertalbahn, Ammertalbahn) and Horb (Obere Neckarbahn, Obere Neckarbahn). Due to its large number of students, the university has a dense local transport system with more than 20 routes linking the Tübingen neighborhoods and towns such as Ammerbuch, Gomaringen and Nagold.
Eberhard Karls University Tübingen was founded in 1477, making it one of the oldest universities in Germany. There are also several research institutions in the town, such as the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the MPG (and formerly the Max Planck Institute for Biology) and the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research.
There is also an outstanding botanic gardens, the Botanic Gardens of the Tübingen Institute. Over 10,000 young people in Tübingen go to regular schools. The Wikimedia Commons has medias related to Tübingen. The Wikivoyage has a guidebook for Tübingen.