class="mw-headline" id="Names_and_et_et_etymology">Noms et étymologieNoms et étiologie
Tromsø report (Norwegian pronunciation: North Sami: Tromssa; Kven: Tromssa ) is a parish in the district of Troms, Norway. Tromsø is the administration center of the town. Tromso and Tromsö are alternate ways of spelling the name outside Norway. Town of Tromsø is in the north of Norway. Covering an area of 2,521 square kilometres, the community is the eighteenth of the 422 communities in Norway in terms of area.
Town of Tromsø is the ninth most populated community in Norway with 74,541 people. It has a densely populated area of 30 people. One inhabitant per sq km (78/sq mi) and its populace has grown by 15. It is the biggest city area in northern Norway and the third biggest northern part of the polar circle of the whole word (after Murmansk and Norilsk).
The largest part of Tromsø, as well as the center of the town, lies on the small village of Tromsøya, 350 kilometers northern of the Arctic Circle. By 2017, the town of Tromsø had a total of about 65,000 inhabitants distributed across the town of Tromsøya, parts of Kvaløya and the continent. The Tromsøy Bridge and Tromsøysund Tunnel connect the town of Tromsøya directly to the coast and the Sandnessund Bridge to the Kvaløya Isle.
Because of the Gulf Stream's warmth, the commune is hotter than most other places on the same parallel. In Tromsø it is even gentler than the more southerly parts of the globe, such as Hudson Bay and the Far East of Russia, where the hot stream of hot waters allows both relatively gentle winter and forest growing despite its very high latitudes.
Tromsø town center contains the highest number of old timber buildings in northern Norway, the oldest from 1789. It is a regional center of culture, with several festival in summers. Both Torbjørn Brundtland and Svein Berge from the electronic two Röyksopp and Lene Marlin have grown up and began their career in Tromsø.
The well-known electronics player Geir Jenssen also comes from Tromsø. Tromsø is called after the Tromsøya islands on which it is located. While the last part of the city's name comes from "the island" (Norwegian: øy, Danish: ø), the ertymology of the first part is unknown. According to one hypothesis, "Troms-" derives from the old (unassembled) name of the isle ("Altnordisch: Trums").
A number of Norwegian archipelagos and Norwegian streams have the name Tromsa, and the name of these islets probably derives from the term strraumr, which means "strong current". There is another hypothesis that Tromsøya was initially named Lille Tromsøya (Little Tromsøya), because of its vicinity to the much larger isle, today Kvaløya, which was formerly named "Store Tromsøya" after this hypothesis, because of a typical hill known as the Tromma.
Sami name Rumbbu?ohkka is the same in its meanings and is said to have been a holy hill for the Sami in pre-Christian time. Romsa, the Sami name of the isle, is suspected to be on lend from the Nordic - but according to the phonetic laws of the Sami tongue, the Frontale is no longer there.
However, an alternate shape - Tromsa - is used informally. Although there is a hypothesis that Tromsø derived its name from the name Sami, it does not explain the significance of Romsa. Tromsø's Sami name is often misunderstood as Romssa with a hash.
However, this is the acoustic and generative shape of the substantive used, for example, in composing "Tromsø Municipality" (Romssa Suohkan). Tromssa. jewelry, which was found in Tromsø from the 7th to 8th century AD, today in the British Museum. Tromsøya's first ecclesiastical building was in 1252. The Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae de Trums juxta peaganos ("The Sanctuary of Saint Mary in Troms among the Gentiles" - the titular "Gentiles" are the Sami), was constructed during the rule of King Hákon Hákonarson.
While Denmark-Norway consolidated its position on the Scandinavian north shore in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a ski jump, Skansen, was constructed. Although Tromsø only accommodates about 80 persons, in 1794 King Christian VII appointed Tromsø as a town right. The event occurred with the abolishment of Bergen's centuries-old cable fish trading monopoly and was a logical result.
Soon Tromsø gained importance. The town was founded on 1 January 1838 as a parish (see formannskapsdistrikt). At the end of the 19 thury Tromsø became an important trading center in the region, from which many ice climbs were made. Discoverers such as Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile and Fridtjof Nansen took advantage of Tromsø's know-how about what was happening in the Artic and often hired their crew in the town.
Astronomical Observatory for aurora borealis was established in 1927. Tromsøysund and Ullsfjord as well as most of Hillesøy were amalgamated with Tromsø on 1 January 1964, giving rise to today's Tromsø and almost trebling Tromsø's total inhabitants from 12,430 to 32,664. 19 ] In additon the increase in inhabitants is fast with at one time more than 1.000 new Tromsøværinger (inhabitants of Tromsø) per year.
Tromsø has 68,239 inhabitants and the town, the 9th largest in Norway, has 58,486 inhabitants. However, this does not apply to most residents, who often do not move to Tromsø. An important step was the opening of Tromsø Airport on the capital in 1964, and in 1972 Tromsø University was opened, then one of four Norwegian university and the only one to serve the north half of the state.
In 1998 the Norwegian Polar Institute was relocated from Oslo to Tromsø. Recently, the UK has grown through two recent fusions, first with Tromsø College in 2009 and then with Finnmark College in 2013. Tromsøya's downtown is on the eastern side of the Tromsøya archipelago - over 300 km from the Arctic Circle at 69°40?E? 18°55?E?E / 69.
The suburbs are Kroken, Tromsdalen (on the land due to Tromsøya ), the remainder of Tromsøya and the northern part of Kvaløya, just south of Tromsøya. Tromsø Bridge and Tromsøysund Tunnel both pass across Tromsøysundet Street, which links the continent with Tromsøya by car. The Sandnessund Bridge links the islands of Tromsøya and Kvaløya to the west of the town.
Within the community there are many high peaks, such as Hamperokken, Jiehkkevárri, Store Blåmann, Store Fornestinden and Tromsdalstinden. Tromsø-Lyngen is situated on the outskirts of the Lyngen Alps. Tromsø has many small islets within the commune, Hillesøya, Kvaløya, Rebbenesøya, Ringvassøya, Sommarøya and Tromsøya. Tromsø also has several fiords, among them the Balsfjord, Kaldfjord, Malangen and Ullsfjord.
From Fjellheisen in the Arctic Nights. In Tromsø there is a sub-arctic climatic (Köppen climatic class Dfc) as the winters are just enough cool to get qualified and the summers saison is brief. Because of the ice-free Norwegian Sea and the westerly winds that bring the gentle sea breezes to land, Tromsø's average temperature in winter is moderate and very gentle for latitudes, especially in comparison to similar latitudes in towns in North America such as Barrow, Alaska.
But at the airports, including in the cities, the smallest number ever measured is -20. Although it is 10°C more northerly than the Norway's capitol Oslo, the temperature in summer is very similar. Mitternachtssonne " stands from 19 May to 27 July (71 days) over the horizon, and the time with continual natural light takes somewhat longer, the Polarnacht from 28 November to 14 January (48 days).
Northern lights near Tromsø. Stromsø in the middle of the evening in July. Due to the high degree of northern latitude of Tromsø, dusk is long, so there is no true dark between the end of April and mid-August. From 26 November to 15 January, during the Arctic Nights, the sky stays below the horizontal line, but due to the altitude, the sky is invisible from 21 November to 21 January.
When we consider the dusk to be "not night", Tromso has only 14 hrs overnight at the end of May. From Tromsø you can see Arora Lorealis (Northern Lights) as North Norway is in the Arora area. Tromsø is also often overcast due to its coast, so that no sunshine can be seen, even if it is present.
Town Tromsø comprises these villages: Arctic Cathedral, a contemporary 1965 cathedral, is located on the continent, opposite the sounds and the downtown. Polaria Acquarium and Adventure Center from 1998 is only a few minutes walking distance from the center of the town. Tromsø Musuem is a college of arts and crafts that presents the cultural and natural heritage of northern Norway.
There is a funicular to Storsteinen, 420 meters above see height, with a wonderful panorama of Tromsø. Tromsdalstinden Hill, 1,238 meters (4,062 ft), on the continent, easy to see from the center of the town, is also an important symbol. On the top of Tromsøya there is a small pond named Prestvannet.
There are eight congregations (sokn) within the parish of Tromsø in the Church of Norway. This is part of Tromsø Domprosti (Archdeanery) in the diocese of Nord-Hålogaland. In Norway, all communities, Tromsø included, are in charge of elementary schooling ( up to class 10), out-patient healthcare, seniors' service, employment and other welfare service, zone division, economical growth and communal highways.
Local government is led by a local government composed of selected members who in turn choose a major. 37 ] The commune comes under the District Court of Nord-Troms and the Court of Appeal of Hålogaland. Tromsø's Lord Mayor since 2015 is Kristin Røymo from the Labour Party. The Ullsfjord was amalgamated with Tromsø on 1 January 1964.
Tromsø has long been home to Sami civilization, as mentioned in the section entitled Geschichte. However, the insimilation of coastal samis meant that the indigenous seed cultures became more and more hidden in the area of Tromsø during the course of the twentieth centuries. However, in the seventies there was a revitalisation of Sami civilization and the Sami sense of belonging, which also made itself felt in Tromsø.
Today some of Tromsø's towns have a nursery school and lessons in Sámi languages. Efforts have been made to counter the fall in the use of the local dialect, e.g. by setting up a local center in Ullsfjord. However, in 2011 the question of the seed culture's part in Tromsø became contentious.
Tromsø City Council had requested that Tromsø join the Sami-speaking administrative region. As a result, select Sami icons on signs would be placed on an even footing so that Sami speaking people could interact with the Sami government in their own languages, and so that Sami parliament resources could be made available to Sami civil servants to help them become Sami learners.
FrP, Venstre and Høyre rejected the ruling and made it part of their electoral campaigns to undo it, saying that Tromsø was "a Norway city" and that it was therefore self-evident not to show Sami names together with Norway, nor to make Sami an official tongue alongside Norweg.
44 ] The political groups that opposed a greater seed cultural influence in Tromsø won the elections and rescinded the motion. The problem has been said to have "divided" the Tromsø residents between those who regard the Sami civilization as natural there and those who regard it as foreign to the region.
During and after the electoral campaigns, samipoliticians were threatened and those in customary Sami dress claimed to have been verbally abused. In June 2013, however, the community signed a co-operation contract with the Parliament of the Republic of Slovenia aimed at strengthening the teaching and cultural life of the population.
Ølhallen, one of the many Tromsø nightclubs, taverns and cafes. Tromsø is the biggest town in northern Norway and a major center of local arts. The Kulturhuset (Culture House) hosts many different kinds of events, among them Tromsø Symphony Orchestra performances and performances by Tromsø's Hålogaland Teater, a specialist theater group.
There are several museum in the town. Tromsø Art Gallery (Nordnorsk Kunstmuseum) and Tromsø Contemporary Art Gallery (Tromsø Kunstforening) are the biggest. Tromsø has been the source of many of Norway's most important electro musicians, and Tromsø was a leader in the early days of the household and electro scenes in Norway since the late 1980s.
Tromsø continues to lead the way in developing and promoting the musical style with the Beatservice Records and Insomnia Festivals labels. Bladet Tromsø and Nordlys are the regional papers. The Tromsø International Film Festivals as well as the Nordlysfestivalen (lit. the Aurora Borealis Festival), a classic folk song festivals, take place in January.
International Day of the Sami People is commemorated every year on 6 February at Tromsø University and the Town Council. Tromsø's Latin American Festival, No Siesta Fiesta, takes place at the end of February. Launched in 2007, it shows "the best of Latin America" in northern Norway with films, dances, music, arts, workshops, debates, fairs and a Samba Road Gala Campaign.
This is one of the biggest and most important Norwegian electro musical and technical cultural events. Bukta Tromsø Open Air Fest, which runs in June and July, is a favourite musical year. Telegrafbukta, a parkland in the south-western part of Tromsøya Islet, is the venue for the film.
The Karlsøy and Riddu Riddu Festivals are other favourite winter activities for the people of Tromsø, both taking place in the area around the town. The town is home to many of the most famous sports associations, of which the three best known are Tromsø IL, which play in the Norwegian Premier League and are the most northern Premier League sports club in the whole wide range of countries, I.F. Fløya in the Norwegian Premier League (women) and Tromsdalen U.I.L. in the Adecco League.
The Tromsø Midnight Sun Marathon takes place every year in June and recently also a Polar Night Half Marathon in January. There are many top-class associations in the town, in various types of sport. In particular the Tromsø Saintorm baseball club in the BLNO, BK Tromsø in the Top Men's volleyball and Tromsø Volley in the Top Women's Volleyball.
The oldest sport association in Tromsø is Tromsø Turn orening, a gymnastic association established in 1862, which was also the birthplace of the aforementioned soccer association Tromsø IL. The Norwegian National Olympic Committee has chosen Tromsø as Norway's nominee for the 2018 Winter Olympics. Tromsø would have been the first northern town of the Arctic Circle to hold the game.
The NOC discontinued Tromsø's offer in October 2008 on the grounds of inflated cost. 50 ] From the south to the north tip of Tromsøya there is an illuminated cross-country skiing trail. There is also a skiing hill on the archipelago near the school. Tromsø Hockey, which is playing in the League 3 of the Swedish Hockey Federation, is the first skating ring in the town to open in the spring of 2010.
Inner Bye Yarnamn" (in Norwegian). The name Sami is often mistakenly referred to as "Romssa". Because " Tromsø Municipality " is " Roma Suohkan ". However, Rome is the case of the gender, so that "Romssa Suohkan" is translated as "the municipality of Romsa". 1 January and changes in populations during the year ("M") (in Norwegian).
Unike steinalderfunn" (in Norwegian Bokmål). nrk.no. Trómso". Kvaløya - Fornminner - Kulturminneaaret 2009" (in Norwegian). Diplomatarium Norvegicum b. 1 No. 112, the papal epistle (in Latin) refers for the first time to Troms. Statsarkivet in Tromsø 1992: Archive catalogue TROMSØ OFFENTLIGE LÆRERSKOLE, page 6. Om meuseet (in Norwegian). University of Tromsø.
Destinasjon Tromsø - Facts about Tromsø. It'?s a story of modern Norway: 1902 Tromsø. 1 January and demographic development during the year. Norway Statistics. Statistics Norway (1 January 2011). Inhabitants and area, by municipalities'. "Historical overview of overviews of municipal and district authorities" (PDF) (in Norwegian). TROMSØ.
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Tromsø. Returned on January 11, 2017. Tromsø er "djevelsk stygg" - VG Nett om Reiselivsnyheter (in Norwegian). Norwegian. Stock your Norwegian language stock. Municipal council members, according to party/election lists at the municipal council elections (M)" (in Norwegian). Norway Statistics. Befolkningen i Tromsø kommune etter statsborgerskap 1.1. 2005 und 1.1. 2006" [Population of Tromsø commune by citizenship from 1 January 2005 to 1 January 2006].
Tromsø InterInfo Community (in Norwegian). The Norwegian Catholic Church. 09817: Einwanderer und in Norwegen geborene Eltern, nach Einwanderungskategorie, Länderhintergrund und Bevölkerungsteilen 2010 - 2018". Norway Statistics. "Saamefolkets daag in Tromsø" The Sami People's Day in Tromsø. Town of Tromsø (in Norwegian). Tromsø 2018 (2006-2008) - i-Tromsø.
Nå stlir Tromsø velmisk wråde. "Stromsø er gen gen Sameby - NRK". Tromsø's request withdrawn - Aftenposten. no Archived on October 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Tromsø, Norway: Town of Tromsø. City of Zagreb International Cooperation and Co-operation. 2006-2009 City of Zagreb. Commons Wikimedia has related to Tromsø related news items.