Originally the name of the archipelago was Iëre, which means "land of the hummingbird". Columbus changed the name to "La Isla de la Trinidad" ("The Isle of the Trinity"), thus honouring a solemn promise he had made before his third voyage; which had meanwhile been abbreviated to Trinidad.
Trinidad and Tobago's demographic data reflects the variety of this southernmost West Indian state. Skip up to: a to Trinidad and Tobago 2011 Population and Housing Census Demographic Report (PDF) (Report). Central Statistical Office of Trinidad and Tobago, p. 26. Skip up ^ "List of postal districts".
Spring high ^ Hart, Marie (1972). New Trinidad and Tobago: Descriptive account of the geography and history of Trinidad and Tobago. Besson, Gerard (2000-08-27). Hop up "Trinidad Railroad Map." Hop up ^ Brereton, Bridget (June 6, 2002). "Racial relations in colonial Trinidad 1870-1900."
Hop up, Trinidad French Creole. Skip up ^ "Archived copy". Hop up "Bats of Trinidad". TriniBats.com.
The Trinidadians and Tobagonians, commonly known as Trinis or Trinbagonians, are the humans associated with the land of Trinidad and Tobago. It is home to a wide range of peoples from different backgrounds, whether nationally, ethnically or religiously. Consequently, the Trinidadians do not identify their identity with race, but with citizenry and culture identity with the island, especially with Trinidad or Tobago.
Even though Trinidad people make up the vast majority of the population, there are a considerable number of Trinidad ex-patriates, double nationals and offspring who live around the world, especially in other parts of the Anglosphere. Trinidad and Tobago's ethnical makeup mirrors a story of capture and immigration: While the early residents belonged to the Indian legacy, the country's two dominating groups since the twentieth century have been Southern Asia and Africa.
Indo-Trinidadian tribes represent the biggest ethnical group of the land (approx. 37.6%). These are primarily offspring of labourers from India who were taken to substitute liberated Africans slave labourers who refuse to work on the factory orchards. Due to the conservation of culture, some inhabitants of India origin still receive tradition from their native countries.
Afric-Trinidadian tribes form the second biggest ethnical group of the land, with about 36.3% of the inhabitants being of Africans origin. Already in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Africans were introduced to the islands as slave migrants. 24.4% of the populace in the 2011 survey identify "mixed" ethnical heritages.
Minor but significant minority groups of Europeans, Chinese and Arabs live in Trinidad and Tobago.