Also known as Gokanna, Trincomalee District is the administration centre of the Trincomalee District and the large seaport of the Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. Situated on the eastern shore of the archipelago with views of Trincomalee Harbour, 113 nautical miles southern of Jaffna and 69 nautical miles northern of Batticaloa, Trincomalee has been one of the principal centers of Sri Lanka's Tamil-speaking cultural life on the archipelago for over two-thousand years.
It has 99,135 inhabitants and is situated on a Peninsula of the same name, which separates its inner and inner harbour. The inhabitants of Trincomalee are known as Trincomalians, and the municipality is the Trincomalee Urban Council. In Trincomalee Town, there is the Koneswaram Museum, referred to in its Tamil ancient name as Thirukonamalai, and other ancient sites such as the Bhadrakali Amman Museum, Trincomalee, Trincomalee Hindu Cultural Hall and, opened in 1897, Trincomalee Hindu College.
The Trincomalee is also the location of the Trincomalee train and an old boat connection to Jaffna and the southern side of the port of Muttur. Trincomalee's record of civil settlements stretches back more than two and a half thousand years, beginning with the civil settlements connected to the Koneswaram Museum in pre-modern times.
As one of the oldest Asian towns, it has been an important sea harbour in the islands world trade with Southeast Asia. Trincomalee's urbanisation progressed when, after the Jaffna Empire was conquered by Portugal, it was transformed into a walled harbour city, with the Danes becoming owners in 1620, the Dutch, the French after a fight in the American Revolutionary War, and the Britons in 1795, who were incorporated into the Ceylon state in 1815.
The town and county were affected by the Japanese raids on the Indian Ocean during World War II in 1942, after Sri Lanka became independent in 1948, when relations between the Tamil and Sinhala peoples worsened and a civilian conflict broke out. The Trincomalee Garrison is home to important military base for the Navy and Forces.
It also has the biggest fortress on the isle. Trincomalee Bay Harbour, spanned to the south by Mahavilli Ganga River, is known in Sanskrit as "Gokarna", which means "cow's ear" and corresponds to several areas of Siva veneration throughout the entire sub-continent of India. His holy state for the Hindus resulted in the proclamation of the town as " Dakshina-Then Kailasam " or " Mount Kailash of the Sound " and " Rome of the Gentiles of the Orient ".
Known for its scale and safety, the port is unlike any other in the Indian Ocean open to all ships in any weather. He was called the "best port in the world" and by the British the "most precious property of the world" because he gave our Indian Empire a certainty it had not had elsewhere".
Favourite excursion spots are the Uppuveli, Salli and Nilaveli sandy areas, which are used for visiting temples, windsurfing, snorkelling, diving, angling and Whalewatching, as well as the Kanniya Hot Springs. The Trincomalee is run by a Eastern University, Sri Lanka faculty and has been the source of inspirations for national and internation l opera, film, musical and literary works for years.
another name of Lord Shiva - a sanctuary with this name is also located in Aduthurai, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, near the early main town Chola. s 1688 chart of the Trincomalee Islands on the north east shore. Bocarro's Antonio card of 1635 the Trincomalee Valley Chapel. HMS Trincomalee was constructed at the beginning of the 19 th centuries by Indians to help them in the Napoleonic Wars and renamed after the town.
Fort Fredrick's importance is due to the Trincomalee's harbor. Trincomalee was thought to give a powerful maritime power the power to take over the Coromandel Coast and the remainder of the Indian Ocean. Nelson, the first viscount of the United Kingdom, named Trincomalee "the most beautiful port in the world", while the younger Prime Minister, William Pitt, described the town as " the most precious property of the colonies in the world" because he gave our Indian empire a certainty it had not had since its foundation" and the port as "the most beautiful and favourable bay in India".
The Trincomali Canal of British Columbia, Canada, was constructed in the nineteenth centuries and given the name of the town. In 1820 a Tamil newspaper is founded in Jaffna; a story about Trincomalee deplores its sad, poverty-stricken condition and suggests "colonisation with smart settlers". Until 1827 The Return of the population is published in 1824, which indicates the entire Trincomalee inhabitants as 19,158 Tamils and 317 Singhalese among them.
Fortress Fredrick was one of the towns populated by the Brits and is now taken by the Sri Lankan army. During the early 1950' the UK government constructed groups of chalets within the forts specifically for their staff. A large marine hospital provided care for ill and wounded UK marine staff from across the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf.
At the turn of the century, British writers and writers used Trincomalee as an inspirational source of literary and poetic expression and were linked to the town. When Arthur C. Clarke and Mike Wilson explored the submarine remains of the Tempel, he described the town and the remains in the reefs of Taprobane and wrote in 2001: A space Odyssey on the basis of his experience in the town.
Trincomalee's Bhadrakali Amman Tempel offers a frame in Wilbur Smith's novel Bird of Prey. Sherlock Holmes' Arthur Conan Doyle's tales show several places in the town, among them A A Scandal in Bohemia and A Singular Affair in Trincomalee. The younger Jane Austen brothers Charles Austen of the British Royal Navy are interred in Trincomalee.
One of the tenth centuries A.D. ceremonial bronzes of the shrine's origin was found in 1950: Shiva as Chandrasekhar, his wife Parvati, a sitting Shiva figurine (in the shape of Somaskanda), a sculpture of the divine Mathumai Ambal and later Lord Ganesh by the Trincomalee City Council, 500 metres from the end of the foothills, while excavating a well.
In 1957 the Navy and Luftwaffe base was taken over by Sri Lanka. In the aftermath of Britain's sovereignty, Tamil and Sinhalese relations worsened throughout the Isle. The interest in Trincomalee has grown due to its geo-strategic location and the exploration of its submarine and terrestrial remains. The United National Party was ruled by the Sinhalese Singhalese people' unit rule in 1968, and the ITAK Federal Party, ruled by the Tamil minorities, broke down because of differences of opinion over the declaration of the sacred Hindu site as a sanctuary.
During the 30-year long civilian conflict that followed, the town and its county were badly affected. SLNS Tissa and SLN Dockyard are now used by the Sri Lankan Navy, while the Sri Lanka Air Force is located at China Bay Airport. Sri Lankan army has its headquarters of security forces - East in Trincomalee.
Trincomalee Was Cemetery is one of the six military graveyards of the Commonswealth in Sri Lanka. Lake Trincomalee is holy to Sri Lankan Tamils and Hindus around the globe. There are many places of historic importance in the town. Hindus consider these places holy, and some Buddhists also pray at these places.
Trincomalee's recent past has been marked by its great importance as a city. Europe's great power was competing for control of the port. Portuguese, Dutch, French and British kept them one after the other, and there were many naval fights there. It is the fifth biggest port in the word and is dominated by plateaus with terraces, its entry is protected by two tongues of land, and at its north and east sides there is a coachway.
Trincomalee's position in a less prosperous and thinly settled area has hindered its own past evolution. Nevertheless, it is planned to further expand Trincomalee as a trading port. Lake Trincomalee has some of the most beautiful and beautiful Sri Lankan sandy shores, relatively untouched and pristine. Observing whales is a frequent diversion in the oceans off Trincomalee, and with increasing tourist activity in the region, the number of observations is increasing.
Kanniya has seven thermal sources (Kal = rock; Ernya = land) on the way to Trincomalee. The Trincomalee is located at the east end of the A6 and A12 motorways in Sri Lanka and at the north end of the A15. It is also serviced by the Sri Lanka Railways.
The Trincomalee Railway Terminal is the end point of the Trincomalee Railway, which originates mainly from Fort Colombo. 86 ] The train depot is located near the north shore and the town' s beach. Deutsche Welle was operating a short-wave and medium-wave relais in Trincomalee, which was transferred to Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation in 2013.
The 2004sunami did not affect it due to the marine environment around Trincomalee. The Deutsche Welle began in 1984 with the broadcast of the Relaisbahnhof Trincomalee. Both the Naval and Maritime Academy of the Sri Lanka Navy and the Air Force Academy of the Sri Lanka Air Force are based in Trincomalee.
87 ] The Eastern University of Sri Lanka, which has its headquarters in Batticaloa, also has a Trincomalee site. Trincomalee HMS, a UK sail regatta made in India. Trincomalee - Sri Lanka. britannica.com. Sri Lanka: the biggest municipalities and municipalities and statistics on their populations". A survey of the culture of Hinduism and its historical background (1 ed.).
Coneswaram Chapel. Date of construction of the initial chapel is given as 1580 B.C., after a Tamil verse by Kavi Raja Virothayan, which in 1831 was English translation by Simon Cassie Chitty..... Srilankan ( 3rd edition). Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 B.C. to C. 1200 B.C. Hindu bequest to Sri Lanka.
A Cola emperor Rajendra I epigraph (1012-1044 A.D.) was recently found in the temple of the deity Kali at Trincomalee and describes his extension of the sanctuary. Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 B.C. to C. 1200 B.C. "A few old Hindus style churches of Sri Lanka" (2 ed.). "The Trincomalee. His Early History."
Malabars call it Tirukonathamalei, or "the Mount of St. Konatha", by the Hindoo deity of that name, who once had a sanctuary on the top of one of the mounds there, which was hailed throughout India..... Ceylon; a report on the geographical, historic and topographic situation of the islands, with references to its nature histories, antiques and production.
Batticaloa, Pannoa and Pannaham are named after the two Tamil words palen-nagai, the smiley baby. Hinduism in Ceylon: A brief story of Hinduism in Ceylon. In Queyroz, Konesvaram is compared to the renowned Hindu churches of Rameswaram, Kanchipuram, Tirupatti, Tirumalai, Jagannath and Vaijayanthi, and comes to the conclusion that these latter churches were well frequented by the Hindus, but that the former exceeded all the latter.
A survey of the culture of Hinduism and its historical background (1 ed.). Coneswaram Chapel. Construction date of the initial sanctuary is 1580 B.C., according to a Tamil verse by Kavi Raja Virothayan, which was written in 1831 by Simon Cassie Chitty..... Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 B.C. to C. 1200 B.C.
"Lord of Thiruketheeswaram, an old Hindus treasure of old Sri Lanka antiquity." An exploration of the Jaffna story, from early days to the time of Portugal. "and Ilam. Taniyappan, a businessman from Padavikulam, layed the cornerstone for a Siva-stamp there.
Tamil script of Raja Raja Chola referring to the Ravi Kulamanikkeswaram Siva Temple in Padavikulam. Ceylon, the Portugese era: a story of the isle for the time, 1505-1658, vol. 1. South Lanka: Perniola, V. "The Catholics in Sri Lanka. Later on, another enactment by the same runner on November 11, 1622, following the one mentioned in 1602, transferred to the Jesuits the re-healing of the spirit in the Jaffna, Trincomalee and Batticaloa counties, which gave them the opportunity to construct temples, form the sacraments and proselytise spirits.
"Senate of Kandy sent 60 Sinhala men to Trincomalee to help the Danes build their forts. While in Trincomalee the Danes also minted some "Larins", on which the words "Don Erich Grubbe" of these coin are noted, do not leave any traces today, if not in the journal of Ove Giedde.
In another "Memoir" he writes about the north and northeast, in which he localizes the origin of the Singhalese in Siam and states that Singhalese and Tamils had always shared the dominion of the isle between the two. In another "Memoir" he writes about the north and northeast, in which he localizes the origin of the Singhalese in Siam and states that Singhalese and Tamils had always shared the dominion of the isle between the two.
A report of an epigraph found near Trincomalee on the island of Ceylon. Place name of British Columbia. Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 B.C. to C. 1200 B.C. Religions and Politics in Sri Lanka. Delhi finally stops at the important Lanka harbour. telegraphindia.com. Climate standards for Trincomalee.
Climate board of Trincomalee (Tirikunamalaya) / Sri Lanka (Ceylon)" (PDF). Sri Lanka Railways Timetable" Archives on March 31, 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Srilankan Marine.