Transylvanian AlpsTransylvanian Alps
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Sub-Carpathians (also known as the Transylvanian Alps;Romanian: The Meridionali are a group of mountains in Romania's southwest. 3 ] They include that part of the Carpathians which lies between the Prahova River in the eastern part and the rivers Timi? and Cerna in the western part. They are bordered by the Balkans in the north.
Southern Carpathians are the second highest group of Carpathians (after the Tatras) and reach altitudes of over 2,500 metres. Though much smaller than the Alps, they are considered an mountainous area. It is a mountainous region and easy to reach, making it a favourite with visitors and scholars alike.
In spite of the altitude, some of the most easily reachable sections are in the Carpathians of Romania along the streams that pass over the chain of mountains (the Olt) or along vast dales (along the Prahova river valley or along the Jiu river valley). Supragetic, Geortic Nappes and Danubian Unit constitute entities with a metamorphous cellar and sedimentary layer, while Severin Nappe contains only one settling seq.
A paleozoic succession (Upper Carboniferous, Lower Permian) and a mesozoidic succession (Lower Jurassic - Middle Cretaceous) are the sedimentary elements of the Danube Divisions and the getique Nappe. Suppragetic Nappe consists mainly of metamorphic rock (gneiss, micaschists), while Severin Nappe contains only Upper Jurassic sediment. Four groups of mountains can be seen from eastern to western, divided by different rivers.
Group Bucegi Mountains - between the rivers Prahova and Dâmbovi?a The F?g?ra? mountain group - between the river Dâmbovi?a and the river Olt. The Parâng Mountains - between Olt and Jiu. Retezat - Godeanu Mountains - between the Jiu River and the rivers Timi? and Cerna. Mountains (Mun?ii ?arcu; literally: "Pen Mountains").
Hop up ^ Com?nescu, Laura, & Alexandru Nedelea. Geomorphological investigations of the glaciated and periglaciated land forms of the Southern Carpathians. Hop up ^ Quinn, Joyce Ann, & Susan L Woodward. Leap up ^ Carpathians. pl Archives 2010-04-06 at the Wayback Machine. Heave up ^ Murgoci, G.M., 1905. About the existence of a large cover in the Southern Carpathians.
Sci, 7-31, leap up ^ Codarcea, A., 1940. Up high ^ Codarcea, A., R?ileanu, G., Pavelescu, L., Gherasi, N., N?st?seanu, S., Bercia, I. and Mercus, D., 1961. Highjump ^ N?st?seanu, S., Bercia, I., Iancu, V., Vlad and Hârtopanu, I., 1981. South Carpathian structures (Mehedin?i - Banat Area).
Hop up ^ S?ndulescu, M., 1984. Hip up ^ S?ndulescu, M. and Dimitrescu, R., 2004. The Romanian Carpathian Geology, Florence, 48 p. Leap up ^ Mutihac, V., 1990. Hop up ^ R?dulescu, D. and S?ndulescu, M., 1973. Plattentectonics concepts and the geologic structures of the Carpathians.