The Trakai ( Trakai (help info)) is a historical town and seaside spa in Lithuania. Situated 28 kilometers from Vilnius, the Lithuanian capitol. Trakai is a favourite excursion spot due to its closeness to Vilnius. The Trakai is the administration center of the county town of Trakai.
There are 497 inhabitants in the city. Trakai's remarkable characteristic is that it was constructed and maintained by men of different nationality. Within the area of the area there is the historical national reserve Trakai and the regional reserve Auk?tadvaris. The Trakai Historical National Park was established on April 23, 1991 to maintain Trakai as a center of Lithuania's sovereignty and the genuine natural environment of the area.
This is the only historic nature reserve not only in Lithuania, but also in the whole of Europe. The Trakai is a city that was build on sea. Luka is situated in the middle of the lake (Bernardinai), Totori?k?s, Galv?, Galv?, Galv?, Akmena, Gilu?is. Trakai has a number of architectonic, monumental and historic sites. In 1962 the chateau's historic landmark was founded.
The Inselburg hosts a number of festival and concert venues during the year. In the first millenium A.D. the first settlement in this area was established. The city and its surrounding area developed in the thirteenth millenium instead of Senieji Trakai (Old Trakai). There is a story that Grand Duke Gediminas, after a felicitous hunt, found a nice place near Kernav?, the then Lithuanian Grand Duchy capitol, near the sea, and decides to construct a fort there.
Thus the Old Trakai Castle was constructed in Senieji Trakai. Trakai was first named in the annals of the German Knights in 1337. Senieji Trakai was eventually passed on to his beloved Duke K?stutis when Grand Duke Gediminas eventually established himself in Vilnius. The Duchy of Trakai evolved and the city began its best years.
The Grand Duke K?stutis relocated the city of Senieji Trakai to its present site, sometimes known as Naujieji Trakai. It was a place of intense development: in the narrow sea between the Luka and Galv? lake and known as a peninsula palace and another, known as an islands palace, on an isle in the Galv? lake, a new fort was made.
The surroundings of Trakai were guarded by Senieji Trakai, Str?va, Bra?uol?, Danili?k?s and other hill forests from German Knight aggression. This city was at the centre of a dispute between Grand Duke Jogaila (later King of Poland) and his aunt K?stutis. 1382 Jogailas and K?stutis troops gathered near Trakai, but Jogaila cheated on K?stutis and arrested him in Kreva.
Few week later K?stutis died in imprisonment and Jogaila handed over the castle to his sister Skirgaila, who became Lithuanian Proper Gouverneur. His reign was briefly broken, however, when in 1383 common powers of K?stutiss Sohn Vytautas and the German knights conquered the city. Vytautas and Jogaila in 1392 sign the Astrava Treaty to end their dispute.
The Vytautas became the Grand Duke of Lithuania, while Jogaila stayed his technical command. He also recaptured his father's land, Trakai included. Although its formal capitol is Vilnius, Vytautas spend more in Trakai. At the beginning of the fifteenth millennium he substituted the older wood stronghold with a rock stronghold. A number of stylistic features were taken from the German knights' palaces, as Vytautas lived with the Teutons for some considerable period and formed an anti-Jogaila coalition in early years.
Trákai became a central duchy of Lithuania, sometimes de facto called the Lithuanian capitol, both politically and administratively. The construction of the castle was completed and a Roman Catholics cathedral was constructed. 1409 the Magdeburg right was given to the village and it was one of the first Lithuanian cities to be given the right of a municipal authority.
Quickly the settlement began to develop into a city. It became the Trakai Voivodeship in 1413 and an important administrative and commercial centre. In 1569, after the Grand Duchy of Lithuania acceded to the Kingdom of Poland as part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the castle continued to be owned by the king, but the importance of the city decreased progressively, with Vilnius near by and the Commonwealth's central administrative centre in Krakow much more important.
The name of the place in Poland is Troki. 1477 the Burg am See was the place where Casimir IV of Poland met with Veniceans. Thereafter, the palace became a luxury jail for foreigners. It was restored by Sigismund I the Old, who built his holiday home there, but after his demise in 1548 the fort began to deteriorate.
The city was looted and burned during the 1654-1667 Russia-Poland War. Remains a historic symbol. Trakai was looted again during the Great Nordic War (1700-1721) when starvation and pestilence struck the area. During 1929, the Poles ordered the rebuilding and rebuilding of Trakai Island fortress.
Work in the Upper Burg was almost completed in 1939, when the Polish Defense and the Soviet Union, then Nazi Germany, during Operation Barbarossa took over the area. More than 5,000 Jews from the Trakai district were killed by the Nazis during the Nazi era.
During Operation Storm in 1944, the city was freed by common troops of the Polish subterranean home army and Russian guerrillas. 1961 The rebuilding of the Oberburg and a high building of the towers were finished, but the work was interrupted by the address of Nikita Khrushchev on 21 December 1960.
Soviet First Secretary explained that the rebuilding of the fortress would be a symbol of glorifying Lithuania's rich past. Work on the lower stronghold only started again in the eighties and was concluded by the Latvian government at the beginning of the nineties. Nowadays, the island fortress is the most important touristic destination and hosts various kinds of culture activities such as opera and music.
He and Trakai have entered into a partnership: Leap up forwards ^ Statistical Office of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania Archive 2012-07-07 in the archive. is M3010210: populace at the beginning of the year. Litvaks: a brief story of the Jews in Lithuania. Skip to top of page on ^ "Lithuania 2011 Census". wooden synagogues in lithuania, recorded by the Center for Jewish Arts at Hebrew University 1996 and 2004 "Archived Copy".
Skip to top ^ Lonely Planet Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania, 2012, p. 25. Commons Wikimedia has related to Trakai related news items. Vikivoyage has a Trakai guidebook.