The City Council of Toledo is the legislative branch of the Municipality and operates in accordance with the provisions of the Statutes of the City of Toledo. The Toledo cultural scene is flourishing.
sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
"Toledo ( ) is a town in and the district capital of Lucas Country, Ohio, USA. Toledo is located in the northeast of Ohio, at the westward end of Lake Erie, on the border with the state of Michigan. Established in 1833 by U.S. residents on the westward shore of the Maumee River, the Michigan Territory was initially registered as part of Monroe Country.
In 1837, after the end of the Toledo War, it was refounded when it was established in Ohio. When the Miami and Erie Canals were completed in 1845, Toledo quickly expanded and also profited from its location on the New York City - Chicago railroad line. Toledo' first of many glassmakers came in the 1880' s and was finally nicknamed "The Glas City".
Since then, the town has evolved into a town with an arts scene, car manufacturing companies, educational, health care and indigenous sporting team. Toledo' s total number of inhabitants at the time of the 2010 census was 287,208, making it the 71st biggest town in the United States. It' the 4th biggest town in the US state of Ohio, after Columbus, Cleveland and Cincinnati.
In 2010, the Toledo conurbation had 651,429 inhabitants and was the 6th biggest conurbation in the state of Ohio after Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Dayton and Akron. Different civilizations of native tribes spent millennia on the banks of the river and lake of today's Northwest Ohio. As Toledo prepared to paving its roads, it examined "two semi-circular excavations, presumably for palisades.
At the end of the Revolutionary War, the local clans in the Western Confederation joined forces and fought a string of fights in the so-called Northwest Indian War to ward off US colonists from the land east of the Appalachian Mountains and south of the Ohio River.
In 1795, by an agreement, they left large parts of Ohio to the United States and opened the country to a European-American colony. The relocation began around 1818, after a consortium from Cincinnati bought a 3.9 square kilometre wing at the estuary of Swan Creek and called it Port Lawrence, which developed it into the contemporary city centre of Toledo.
The Ohio State Legislative approved the building of the Miami and Erie Canals in 1824 and the expansion of the Wabash and Erie Canals in 1833. It was designed to link the town of Cincinnati with Lake Erie to provide transport of sea freight to easterly marketplaces, as well as to New York via the Erie Channel and the Hudson River.
Despite Toledo's best endeavours, the channel constructed the terminal station in Manhattan, 800 metres northerly of Toledo, because it was nearer to Lake Erie. Compromising, the state put two side cuts in front of the terminal, one in Toledo on Swan Creek and another in Maumee, about 10 nautical miles South-West.
A nearly unbloody dispute between Ohio and the Michigan Territory, known as the Toledo War (1835-1836), was "fought" for a small stretch of territory from the Indiana boundary to Lake Erie, which now includes the cities and outskirts of Sylvania and Oregon, Ohio. Stretching from five to eight nautical miles 13 km in width, the stripe was used by both the State of Ohio and Michigan Territory for contradictory laws regarding the position of the Ohio-Michigan state boundary.
Sole victim of the dispute was a Michigan alternate marshal who was stung in the legs with a feather blade during the detention of his older brothers One Stickney and the bereavement of two horse, two pig s and a couple of hens taken from a Ohio ranch by Michigan police losing members.
One and Two Stickney's sire Major Benjamin Franklin Stickney was heavily involved in persuading Congress to govern in Ohio and win Toledo. In the end, the state of Ohio received the country after the state of Michigan received a major part of the Upper Peninsula in return.
Stickney Avenue in Toledo is called after Major Stickney. In the first two years of its existence, Toledo expanded very slowly. In 1833, the first batch was auctioned in Port Lawrence. Settlemen came and went quickly through Toledo and between 1833 and 1836 the property had so often altered that none of the initial political groups stayed in the area.
In 1843 the channel and its entry to Toledo ?idecut were finished. The number of vessels that began to use the Swan Creek side cut as its formal end point increased, quickly shutting down the Manhattan storehouses and causing a run on the company to relocate to Toledo. Soon Toledo became a turntable for several railway operators and a hot spot for sectors such as cabinet making, car manufacturing, brewing, glassmaking and others.
Until 1880 Toledo was one of the biggest towns in Ohio and added an important infrastructural heritage from its flourishing business. Until the early 20 th centuries Toledo expanded in terms of populace and industries. Due to its dependency on production, the town has been severely affected by the global economic crisis. The amphitheatre and fish tank in the Toledo Zoo and a large extension of the Toledo Museum of Art are some of them.
The Census Bureau in 1940 covered Toledo's 94th birthday people. Downtown recovered, but the collapse of U.S. industry in the second half of the twentieth Century during industry reorganization caused many job losses. Toledo had a weak economic system in the eighties. A number of renovation measures are aimed at bringing the inhabitants back to the town.
Opened in 2009, the multifunctional Huntington Center houses the Toledo Walleye ECHL icehockey team and the Toledo Crush of the Legends Football League. It takes about four hour drive to Toledo from many major towns such as Detroit, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Indianapolis and Chicago. Toledo has, like much of the Great Lakes area, a wet continent like Köppen Dfa, which is characterised by four different seasonal patterns.
Also, in summers, the predominant wind to the southwest and southwest brings warmth and humidity to the town via the lakes. The Toledo Metropolitan Area comprises four districts in Ohio and one district in Michigan, which combine with other micropolitical areas and districts to form a single composite statistic area, according to the US Census Bureau.
Several of those now regarded as his Ohio outskirts include: The Bedford Township, Michigan, comprising the municipalities of Lambertville, Michigan, Temperance, Michigan and Erie Township, Michigan are Toledo's Michigan townships, just above the town above the state border in Monroe County. Toledo Race Map, 2010 U.S. Census.
At the time of the 2010 referendum, the town itself had a total of 287,128 inhabitants. The most important town in the Toledo Statistical Area with 651,429 inhabitants, it was the 6th biggest metro region in the state of Ohio behind Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Dayton and Akron.
33 ] The ample combined statistical topic Toledo-Fremont had a group of 712,373 inhabitants. The Toledo Metropolitan Council of Governments says the Toledo/Northwest Ohio county has more than 1 million inhabitants with 10 wards. Toledo' the U.S. Census Bureau put its total populace at 297,806 in 2006 and 295,029 in 2007. Responding to an appeals from the town of Toledo, the Census Bureau's July 2007 forecast was adjusted to 316,851, slightly more than in 2000, the city's first increase in forty years.
The 2010 demographic data published in March 2011, however, showed a demographic decline of 25% since the 1970 peak to 287,208 on 1 April 2010. The town had a number of 139,871 residential apartments, of which 10,946 (9.8%) were empty. Mean life in the town was 34 years.
There were 48 sexes in the town. There were 128,925 homes in Toledo in 2000, of which 29. There were 26 people in the town. Average incomes for a budget in the town were $32,546, and average incomes for a single member of the community were $41,175.
Per capita revenue for the town was $17,388. SeaGate, the highest structure in Toledo, is the site of Fifth-Third Bank's head office in northwest Ohio. The PNC Bank, formerly the Ohio Bank. Constructed in 1932, it is the third highest in Toledo. Prior to the dawn of the Great Lakes Industry Revolutions, Toledo was an important seaport.
When the car came on the market, the town became famous for its production. General Motors and Chrysler both had plants in the Toledo area, and automotive engineering had been important at least since Kirk, who started operating at the beginning of the twentieth millennium. Toledo' biggest job was the jeep for much of the twentieth centuary.
Toledo University is one of the most important universities in the town, helping to make the health sector the city's largest employers. Toledo-based HCR Manor Care is a Fortune 1000 enterprise. A SeaGate is the site of Fifth-Third Bank's head office in northwest Ohio. Known as the Crystal Town, Toledo has a long tradition of glassmaking, which includes making glasses, windscreens, windows, flasks, building material and glassmaking, of which the Toledo Museum of Fine Arts has a large selection.
A number of large glassmaking enterprises have their roots here. Toledo' s economic life has long included Owens-Illinois, Owens Corning, Libbey Glass, Pilkington North America (formerly Libbey-Owens-Ford) and Therma-Tru. Also other spin-offs of these enterprises still have an important role in Toledo's business. A number of Fortune 500 automobile manufacturers were headquartered in Toledo, among them Electric AutoLite, Sheller-Globe Corporation, Champion Spark Plug, Questor and Dana Holding Corporation.
The Faurecia Exhaust Systems, a 2 billion dollar affiliate of the French company Faurecia SA, is located in Toledo. The Jeep head office, Toledo has two manufacturing sites known as the Toledo complex, one in the town and one in the suburb of Perrysburg. Until 1953, Willys-Overland was an important automobile manufacturer based in Toledo. Industry reorganisation and job losses prompted the town to pursue new policies to maintain its industry.
A taxpayers' suit was brought against Toledo in 2001 which called into question the constitutional nature of this suit. The case was won by the town in 2006 by a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in DaimlerChrysler Corp. v. Cuno. Since 1959 the Toledo Oper has presented a great operatic event in the town.
Toledo Repertoire Theatre was founded in 1933 and plays both Broadway hit songs and lesser-known originals. Corporal (later Sergeant) Maxwell Klinger's home is Toledo in the long-running TV show M*A*S*H from the 70s. The actor Jamie Farr came from there, and the authors gave his characters the same home township, with common lyrics about the twentieth century during various periods.
Automobile Race - Toledo Speedway is a locally run automobile race track that offers stockcar races and shows. Automobile Racing Club of America (ARCA) is headquartered in Toledo. The Toledo Mud Hens are one of the oldest Minor League Baseball clubs, having been fielded for the first time in 1896.
Inverness Gulf Course is a gulf course in Toledo. Toledo Walleye are an ECHL ice team who started playing at the Huntington Center in 2009. And Toledo has a long tradition of professional football, including 11 league titles between four International League and ECHL sides.
The Glass City Rollers is a full member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association. R. A. Stranahan is a 190,000 square metre (47 acres) large arbour operated by the University of Toledo. Toledo Metroparks System comprises over 40 square kilometers of lands and boasts the University/Parks Bicycle Trail and Toledo Botanical Garden.
The first fully glazed edifice was erected in Toledo on 15 January 1936. This was a landmark project for the Owens-Illinois Glas Company and represented a landmark in international architectonic styling, which was becoming more and more sought after in the USA.
Imagination Station (formerly COSI Toledo) is a practical scientific institution situated in the inner town. The Hollywood Casino Toledo was opened on May 29, 2012. In Toledo, Toledo runs a campus: Toledo PRSch runs government colleges in much of the metropolitan area as well as the Washington Local School District in the north of Toledo.
There are also several publics owned charters to Toledo, among them two Imagine School. In addition, there are several privately run and privately run elementary and middle school buildings in the Toledo area. Toledo is a diocese of Romans and Catholics that runs elementary and middle class school. Toledo' gehören die Maumee Valley Country Day School, Central Christian High School, St. Francis de Sales High School, St. John's Jesuit High School and Academy, Notre Dame Academy, St. Ursula Academy (Ottawa Hills), Cardinal Stritch Christian High School (Oregon), Die Toledo Islamic Academy, Freedom Christian Academy, Toledo Christian School, Emmanuel Christian, Die David S. Stone Hebrew Academy (Sylvania), Monclova Christian Academy et Die Apostolic Christian Academy
More than 1 million people live in the North West of Ohio/Toledo/Fremont area. The Blade, a dailies established in 1835, is the main paper in Toledo. "Each week the city's art and leisure program is the Toledo Town Paper. The Toledo Free Press began publishing in March 2005, focusing on sport and current affairs.
Further weekly newspapers are the West Toledo Herald, El Tiempo, La Prensa, Sojourner's Truth and the Toledo Journal. The Toledo Tales offers wit and caricature of living in the glass city. Toledo Journal is an African-American paper. There are eight TV channels in Toledo. TOLEDOAN' can also observe the neighbouring Detroit and Ann Arbor markets, both over-the-air and by cabling.
Toledo also has fourteen radios licenced in Toledo. There are three large motorways through Toledo. Ohio Turnpike runs East-West services on I-80/90. Turnpike operates Toledo via outputs 52, 59, 64, 71 and 81. Turnpike links Toledo with Chicago to the west and Cleveland to the east.
I-75 is a 20 mile ring road that starts at Perrysburg and ends at Toledo, and meets I-75 at both ends. The 280 intersection is a branch that links the Ohio Turnpike with the I-75 through eastern and eastern Toledo. Veterans' Glass City Skyway is part of this itinerary, which was the most costly ODOT development ever when it was completed.
The 120-metre high pier contains a glass-roofed tower that illuminates at dark and adds another characteristic to the Toledo Skyline. 63 ] The Anthony Wayne bridge, a 980 meter long hanging 980 meter long Maumee River viaduct, has been a cornerstone of Toledo's cityscape for more than 70 years.
" Toledo Area Regional Transit Authority provides the on-site coach services, usually referred to as TARTA. Paratransit Services; TARPS are used for handicapped people. In Toledo there are several taxi services within its borders and others that encircle the subway. The Toledo Express International Express is the main international hub serving the Monclova and Swanton Townships outskirts.
Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County is 45 nautical miles out. The Toledo Executive Airports (formerly Metcalf Field) is a general flight international hub situated south east of Toledo close to the I-280 and Ohio SR 795 junctions. The Toledo Suburban is another general aviation hub in Lambertville, MI, just off the state boundary.
In Toledo there was a tram network and long-distance railways connecting it with other cities near it, but these no longer exist. Toledo' à Tolède, Der Güterverkehr a accueilli le Norfolk Southern Railway, CSX Transportation, le Canadien National, Ann Arbor Railroad und Wheeling et Lake Erie Railway betrieben. With the exception of the Wheeling, all have their own terminal facilities; the Wheeling runs from eastward to Toledo through Norfolk Southern track access to link with the Ann Arbor and CN railways.
Leap up J^ Mean maximum and minimum values (i.e. the highest and minimum temperatures during an entire months or years) per unit length, from 1981 to 2010 according to local weather conditions. From January 1871 to January 1943 in the city center, from February 1943 to December 1945 at Toledo Municipal Airport, from January 1946 to 11 January 1955 at Metcalf Field, and since 12 January 1955 at Toledo Express Airport.
Skip up to: a p l "US Gazetteer file 2010". The United States Census Bureau. Returned on January 6, 2013. Hop up to: a to " American FactFinder ". The United States Census Bureau. Returned on January 16, 2013. Skip up ^ "US Census QuickFacts". The United States Census Bureau. Bounced 2014-12-02. Skip up ^ "Postcode search".
Returned on December 2, 2014. Skip to top ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". Returns 2008-01-31. Hop up "Find a County". Returned on June 7, 2011. Hop up to: a c c Federal Writers' Project (1940). Ohio Guide. Spring high ^ "Treaty between the Ottawa, Chippewa, Wyandot and Potawatomi Indians".
Bounced 2013-08-03. Hop up to: a i Gieck, Jack (1988). Skip up ^ "Handbook of Indians North of Mexico: Retracted 2016-05-23. Hop up ^ Tanber, George J. (December 24, 2000). Returned on December 16, 2016. Hop up ^ Mitchell, Gordon (June 2004). Returned on August 3, 2014. Hop up ^ Simonis, Louis A. (1979).
Early census until 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archives from the originals on August 6, 2012. Returned on April 30, 2012. Hop up, Best Minors' Baseball American.
Bounced 2017-11-08. Hop up ^ Griffin, Jason (April 16, 2007). "About Toledo Arena Sports, Inc. Arena Sports, Inc. Brought back on 27 March 2008. Skip up ^ "Archived copy". Archives from the originals on 7 July 2014. Returned on August 4, 2014. Skip to the top ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000 and 1990". The United States Census Bureau.
Brought back on April 23, 2011. Skip up ^ "History of the Oak Openings Region". Archives from the orginal on 21 February 2010. Returned on August 3, 2014. Skip up to: a y a y e "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". Returned on March 29, 2015. Skip up to: a o w "WMO climate standards for TOLEDO/EXPRESS, OH 1961-1990".
Returned on March 10, 2014. Skip up ^ "Station name: TOLEDO EXPRESS APP." Returned on March 31, 2014. Skip up ^ "Thread Stations Extremes". Returned on February 27, 2011. Skip up to Population and Housing Unit Estimates. It'?s a good idea. Returned on June 9, 2017. Hop up ^ United States Census Bureau. "Population and housing census."
Returned on December 2, 2014. Hop up State & County QuickFacts: Toledo, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau. 8th July 2014. Archives from the originals on 10 July 2014. Returned on August 3, 2014. Skip to top ^ "Geographic identifiers: 2010 Demographic profile data (G001): Oh Metro Area". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder.
Returned on February 6, 2013. Skip up ^ "Thousands were added to the counting in Toledo". About Toledo. Brought back on February 14, 2009. Hop up State & County QuickFacts: Toledo, Ohio". U.S. County Bureau. Returned on April 30, 2012. Skip up ^ "QT-P13. Pedigree: 2000 - Toledo Town, Ohio". The United States County Bureau of Communications. Returned on August 3, 2014.
Skip up ^ "FBI - Table 4 Montana - Ohio". Hop up, "Toledo's criminality record is picking up speed." The Toledo Blade. Hop up ^ Ohio Human Traffic Task Force: Clymer, Floyd (1950). Hop up "Toledo, Ohio." The Ohio History Central. Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up "Cities at the Front".
Returned 2017-02-13. Hop up ^ Ramsey, Duane (July 30, 2009). Free Press Toledo. About Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Skip high ^ Sword, Jeff (July 28, 2009). Washington, D.C. Archives from the Genuine on August 25, 2009. Skip up ^ Lane, Tahree; Smith, Ryan E. (January 20, 2008). "as the Toledo programme makes changes in its thirtieth year."
About Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Skip up ^ "Toledo Sculpture Tours" (PDF). Art Commission of the Greater Toledo Area. Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up "Ballet Theatre of Toledo". Toledo destination. Archives from the originals, August 6, 2014. Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up ^ Barhite, Brandi (December 26, 2008).
"Saturday Night In Toledo" writer changes his mind. Free Press Toledo. About Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up Saturday Night in Toledo, Ohio. The Toledo History Box. 9 August 2011. Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up ^ Reindl, J. C. (March 22, 2010). "Fading away the sound, closing the veil at a once heated Toledo place."
Returned on August 4, 2014. Kisiel, Ralph (March 1, 1984). "The smoldering night keeps the town fresh in the memories of the yes". Brought back on November 7, 2010. Hop up "Supernatural: "Bloody Mary" Review - IGN". Retracted 2016-05-23. Hop up Baird, Kirk (26 August 2010). "The television show'Melissa & Joey' is in Toledo, but the town is missing a leading role".
About Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up ^ Kent, Julie (December 17, 2013). "The Cleveland Lingerie Sporting Football team loses its swarm to Toledo." Returned on August 4, 2014. Climb to ^ "Best US Zoo Winner: 2014 10Best Readers' Choice Travel Awards". Hop up to: a to " The Great Lakes Historical Society:
Brought back on April 7, 2015. Hop up "History of Tony Packo's: Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up ^ Curry Lanze, Keith; Lyons, Ray (November 15, 2009). Returned on August 4, 2014. Hop up. University/Parks Trail. Metro parks of the Toledo region. Archives from the orginal on 3 June 2014. Returned on August 4, 2014.
Hop up to: a d e d e "Colleges and Universities in Toledo, Ohio". Brought back on February 23, 2015. Skip up ^ "Ohio DOT supports the Maumee River cross design". Returned on August 4, 2014 - via the Transportation Research Board. Skip up ^ Patch, David (May 27, 2007). "One hundred years ago, Toledo was the centre of Interurban."
About Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Climb to ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, fiscal year 2011: Ohio State" (PDF). Returned on August 4, 2014. Skip up to "Division of Water Treatment". Town Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Skip up to "Division of Water Distribution". Town Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014.
Hop up ^ Henry, Tom (August 3, 2014). "in the Toledo area, a state of preparedness has been declared". About Toledo. Returned on August 4, 2014. Spring up ^ Capelouto, Susanna; Morgenstein, Mark (August 3, 2014). "400,000 in Toledo, Ohio, waiting for test results." Returned on August 3, 2014. Hop up ^ Queally, James (August 2, 2014).
"Poisonous Ohio mains testing during 500,000 inhabitants waiting." Returned on August 3, 2014. Leap up ^ Karimi, faith; Morgenstein, Mark (August 4, 2014). "Our waters are safe," says the Lord Mayor of Toledo in the suspension order." Returned on August 4, 2014. Skip up ^ "Interactive City Directory". Archives from the originals, 12 March 2014.
Returned on March 11, 2014. Skip up ^ "Pozna? - Miasta partnerskie". Town Pozna?. Returned on December 11, 2013. Flowering, Matthew (Spring 2010). 1860-1900". Northwestern Ohio story.