sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
with unsafe functions. Todi is a city and community (municipality) of the Perugia Provincial Council (Umbria Region) in Italy's centre. Situated on a high, two-crowned hillside with a view of the eastern shore of the Tiber, it offers a wide view in all directions, to the oblique Piazza del Popolo.
Todi was constructed by Hercules, who here murdered Cacus and gave the town the name Eclis, according to the legends mentioned by a Quirinus colonist in 1330 B.C. The historical Todi was established by the antique Kurdish Umbrians in the 8th to 7th centuries B.C. with the name Tutere.
The name means "border", the town lies on the boundary to the extruscan rule. One remarkable find from this period is an old bronzed Mars statue dug up in 1835 in Montesanto near by, now in the Vatican Museum, but a copy is in the cathedralry.
Christendom very early expanded to Todi through the endeavors of St. Terentian. The bishop St. Fortunatus became the town' protector during the Gothic occupation for his defence. During the Lombard period Todi belonged to the Duchy of Spoleto. At the end of the twelfth centuries, the town began to grow again: the reign was initially presided over by a consul, then by Pedestà and a popular commander, some of whom gained great renown.
Bénedetto Caetani, later Pope Boniface VIII, began his life as canon in the cathedral of Todi in 1260. Later he described the town as " the home of my early youth," the town that "nourished me in my early years," and a place where he had "lasting memory.
" By 1290 the town had 40,000 residents. Municipal sovereignty was relinquished in 1367 with the annexation of the town to the Papal States: supremacy alternated between different regions (Tomacelli, Malatesta, Braccio da Montone, Francesco Sforza and others). Though Todi was cut to half its former size, it survived a brief spell of splendour under Archbishop Angelo Cesi, who built several buildings or added new ones, such as the Cesia Fountain, which still carries his name today.
Todi welcomed Giuseppe Garibaldi in July 1849, who had to flee after the failure of the Republic of Rome's attempts at democracy. The town of Todi is the place of birth of the French writer Jacopone da Todi, whose body is located in a particular tomb in the S. Fortunato chapel. Nearly all the important mediaeval memorials of Todi - the Co-Cathedral, the Palazzo del Capitano, the Palazzo del Priore and the Palazzo del Popolo - are located in front of the central plaza (Piazza del Popolo) on the lower chest of the hill: the plaza is often used as a film backdrop.
All of the countryside lies on some giant old Roman tanks with more than 500 quarries used until 1925. The cathedral of Todi (11th century) is a Gothic structure based on the Lombard style, to be built over an old Rome structure, probably a sanctuary devoted to Apollo. Volkspalast " is a Lombard-Gothic structure built as early as 1213 and one of the oldest municipal buildings in Italy.
Constructed around 1293 in the Gothic period, the "Captain's Palace" was given the name "New Municipal Palace" to distinguish it from the previous one. Today the latter is inhabited by the town museum with finds and remnants of Todi's time. Several rooms are decorated with frescoes with stories of the towns and portrayals of their most famous men.
This palace is situated on the south side of the piazza opposite the cathedral. The Bishop's Palace is to the right of the Cathedral and was erected in 1593 by Cardinal Angelo Cesi at his own cost. Situated on the other side of the ridge of the hills on which the village is situated, together with the barren remains of a mediaeval fort (Rocca).
Fortunato is an ancient Roman church (7th century) of which two lions are preserved on the door. Bottom part of the facade was completed in the second half of the fifteenth centuries. There is a grave in the sanctuary with the remnants of Saint Fortunatus of Todi and other Saint and the grave of Jacopone da Todi.
A vaulted Renaissance temple (begun in 1508), Santa Maria della Consolazione, on the flanks of the urban mound, just outside the ramparts, is often credited to Bramante, albeit without good cause. Remarkable is also the wood sculpture of Pope Martin I, who comes from the area of Todi. The Todi is encircled by three more or less completely concentrated walls: the outer one is mediaeval, the central one a roman and the inner one is partially recognisable as part of the etruscans.
Among the monuments are also a huge niche building of unknown use ( the Nicchioni), the light remains of a small amphitheater, about a dozen smaller cathedrals and some renaissance or classic palaces, the most important of which is one of Vignola, complete the monuments. There are many historic palaces, forts and old cathedrals in the vicinity of the town, among them the Todi Castle in Umbria, once used for military purposes and now renovated by the Santoro dynasty and used as a holiday destination for tourists.
The Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Todi Calcio is an urban sports organisation in Italy. At the moment Todi is playing in the series D group E. Wikimedia Commons has medias that deal with Todi.