The new National Capital of MyanmarMyanmar's new capital
Assessment of ecosystem services in the context of climate change to support nature conservation and development planning in Myanmar
Datatools & Methods,Enabling Environment,Why natural capital? "Summary: The integration of information on eco-system support is not yet standard procedure in national design and mitigation plans, despite the demands of decision-makers. Determining where ES comes from and to whom the advantages - under present and prospective climatic circumstances - accrue is particularly crucial in fast-growing economies where the risks of ES is high.
Here we use a case survey to evaluate where and how eco-systems bring decisive advantages to the country's inhabitants and population. In this project we are modelling the offer and request for multi-purpose sediments collection, drought baseline flows, flooding mitigation and coast windstorm shelter. However, we find that sites that currently offer the largest proportion of service are likely to continue to be important under the climatic factors under consideration, which underlines their importance for climatic stability design.
Natural Capital Project | Projekte
The capital has often been seen as tangible capital - the machinery, instruments and equipments used in the manufacture of other goods, but also our prosperity and well-being depend on it. Forgetting this risks deteriorating the performance of the ecosystem that supports our economy and sustains our life.
This includes cleaning our waters, controlling our climates, mitigating the risks of flooding and dusting our cultures. Natural Capital Project - a relationship between WWF, The Nature Conservancy, University of Minnesota and Stanford University - provides decision-makers with trusted ways to evaluate the real value of ecosystem wellbeing.
A key part of the Natural Capital Project is the development of instruments to help decision-makers conserve biological diversity and eco-system wellbeing. The WWF researchers have developed a series of softwares to integrate the value of eco-system performances and biological diversity in different decision-making processes. The InVEST ( "Integrated Valuation of Renewable Energy Systems and Tradeoffs ") is a one-of-a-kind piece of advanced technology that modulates and depicts the provision, dissemination and commercial value of eco-system related ecosystems as well as the value of biological diversity.
WithinVEST, policyholders are able to visualise the effects of choices and recognize compromises and compatibility between ecological, economical and societal advantages. Now, WithinVEST has its own free dedicated application management system and is constantly being upgraded with the help of an on-line forums. Part of the proprietary version of OnVEST is a scenariogenerator that has been designed by WWF researchers to evaluate the impact of eco-system service provision under various possible future scenarios.
Natural Capital Project has also devised instruments for the quantification of eco-system performance in the context of water catchment area managment (RIOS) and approval and reduction (OPAL) decision-making. In addition, researchers at the German Science Fund wished to develop additional political instruments to help individuals use the system to make changes to actual decision-making, among them instruments for the development of forward-looking strategies. Researchers at the WWWF have worked with international collaborators to strengthen the teachings of the first ten years of the Natural Capital Project.
It has provided us with invaluable insight into how and what is possible to use our understanding of eco-system performance in decision-making. NaturaCapital Project regularly hosts meetings to educate individuals on its instruments and approach to integrate information about eco-system related issues into policy making. The WWF researchers have contributed to the development of the free on-line course on the subject of capital of nature.
Sustainable management of Myanmar's capital - which includes bio-diversity, farmland, forest, river and resource - is fundamental to the economic and welfare of its people. Approximately 26 per cent of the Myanmar people live below the breadline - twice as high in the countryside, where 70 per cent of the people are.
To meet the needs for humanity' s long run benefit, especially in the areas of safety, nutrition, power and irrigation, Myanmar's capital must be preserved. By reconciling the results of this evaluation with Myanmar's governance and civic community, the World Wide Fund and its partner agencies are currently charting and evaluating Myanmar's nature capital and developing capacities among these actors to carry out such evaluations and use them in decision-making.
This analysis is used to assist WWF's work to foster a "green economy" for Myanmar, which integrates the sustained use of nature capital into the country's overall economics. The WWF and The National Capital Project, in collaboration with the Coastline Region Managment Authority and Institute (CZMAI), have supported the actors in drawing up the government's national coast region managment plans.
It will reduce the endangered area of the site by 20% while increasing commercial possibilities - trebling the area for coast and tourist infrastructures, double the area for maritime fish farming and stabilising the area for crayfish. The WWF worked with the Mozambique authorities and the Natural Capital Project to evaluate the threats to ecosystems and explore ways to critically protect them.
It identified where the mine and infrastucture are most vulnerable to maritime threats and provided information on strategic localisation policies for infrastucture and operation to mitigate both the impact on the eco-system and the risks to investment. The next step is to evaluate the most important eco-system benefits for municipalities in Primeiras e Segundas and to assist the federal administration in developing a national blue/green economic scheme.
The majority of ARPAs' activities - such as sequestration of CO2, purification of groundwater, hydroelectricity production and provision of habitats - are hard to assess because they are not sold on the market. WWF, in cooperation with the Woods Hole Institute and Bowdoin College, uses local terrestrial and bio-physical mapping and business information to evaluate the goods and service offered by ARPA.
WWF, with the help of the Natural Capital Project, has charted the allocation and commercial value of eco-system service provision in prioritised water catchment areas as part of ongoing and suggested zoning schemes. Natural Capital Project works with over 40 employees in Tanzania, the UK and South Africa to assess and assess the many ecosystems benefits of the mountain.
In order to help the WWF, supported by the Natural Capital Project ItVEST, locate areas in Upper Putumayo that could provide a number of eco-system service providers and be threatened by climatic changes, the WWF used to help mapping important regional service providers and comparing their availability under different climatic conditions.
The areas with the highest concentrations of eco-system support and the greatest susceptibility to the impacts of climatic changes are now regarded as areas of major concern for protection, which includes the development of forest pastoral regimes, which include strategic arboricultural coverage on ranch landscapes, and the development of compensatory and reward regimes for eco-system support activities (CRES), which provide an incentive for better landmanagement.
The WWF and its partner have conducted a climatic, ecosystems and business evaluation using various modelling instruments, among them Inwest, to show how protection and sustainability of the countryside in the heart of Borneo can contribute to the creation of a "green economy". "The evaluation survey and the overall Greening Business Review helped us decide to name HoB a Strategic National Area (KSN): the first and only one in Indonesia committed to protecting the environment.
Interventions, illicit felling, environmental contamination and coal mines are threatening species diversity and the basis of life in the region's abundant forestry eco-systems. ARCOS (Albertine Rift Society ) uses the results of the project to win the backing of the governments and stakeholders for the protection of the Virungas environment, which includes areas in Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
It includes the quantification and assessment of eco-system performance and the study of compromises between a Business as Usual (BAU), green and market-driven scenario.