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Over 4,000 refugees have been driven out in Myanmar's most northerly state of Kachin near the Chinese frontier in the last three week, Mark Cutts, director of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), AFP said to the AFP later Friday. This figure does not take into account some 15,000 refugees since the beginning of the year and more than 90,000 living in IDP centres in Kachin and Shan states since a cease-fire between the federal administration and the mighty Kachin Independence Army collapsed in 2011.
"We' ve heard stories from grassroots organizations that there are still many still in civilian traps in areas of conflict," Cutts said of the recent clash. "One of our main concerns is the security of the civilian population - girls and boys, older persons, small kids and disabled persons. And we must make sure that these individuals are protected."
The OCHA was not able to check the report that a civilian was murdered in the war. Besides the Rohingya crises in the west of mainly Buddhist Myanmar, the conflict-ridden northern part of the county has also led to encounters with other minority groups, which seldom make the news. Myanmar's frontier areas have been fragile since gaining sovereignty from Britain in 1948 and contain a vertiginous number of uprisings, indigenous militia and drug-dependent surgeries.
Myanmar's de facto head Aung San Suu Kyi said she was prioritizing freedom when she took up her post in 2016 after many years of junta government, but things were progressing slowly. Ethnically formed groups are calling for more independence and scrutiny from a Burmese nation where the Burmese occupy important political and force powers.
Right-wing groups say the armed forces have intensified their campaigns in isolated areas of Myanmar during the Rohingya crises, in which some 700,000 refugees fled to Bangladesh. While the US and the UN have described the raid as ethnical raid, Myanmar has denied the allegations and said it is fighting Rohingya uprising.