The Kingdom of ThailandKingdom of Thailand
Thailand | Geography, Economy, Facts & Figures
Thailand, land in the center of Southeast Asia. Situated in the tropical regions, Thailand is home to various eco-systems, among them the rolling forests of the north border, the rich paddy paddies of the main plain, the wide plain of the north-east and the jagged coastline along the small peninsular in the south.
Up until the second half of the twentieth century Thailand was primarily an agriculturist nation, but since the 1960s more and more populations have been moving to Bangkok, the capitol, and other citys. Though the Bangkok area is still the main city center of the state, there are other major towns such as Chiang Mai in the northern, Nakhon Ratchasima (Khorat), Khon Kaen and Udon Thani in the northeastern, Pattaya in the southeastern and Hat Yai in the extreme south-east.
Siam, as Thailand was formally known until 1939, was never placed under the rule of Europe's colonies. The independent Siam was governed by an entire empire until a 1932 uprising. Thailand has been a constituent empire ever since, and all successive constitions provide for an electoral assembly. In the last two centuries of the twentieth and the first ten years of the twenty-first centuries, the importance of parliamentarian democracies increased.
Despite a crises in 2006, when the army ousted an electoral regime in accordance with the Austro-Hungarian Empire, new general election was conducted, as the transitional regime pledged.
Kingdoms of Thailand
Diplomacy between Brazil and Thailand began in 1959. These relationships are seen as particularly encouraging in the areas of commerce and investment, renewable energies (especially biofuels), sciences, technologies and innovations, agriculture research, healthcare and travel. Thailand was Brazil's most important commercial counterpart among the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2013, which it has owned since 2009.
The Brazilian economy is Thailand's most important trade destination in Latin America. Thailand's then Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Surapong Tovichakchaikul, paid a visit to Brazil in 2012. Prince Chulabhorn has been to Brazil four most recently at the Rio+20 Conference. The Prime Ministers have already paid visits to Brazil and several Thai ministers.
In August 2013, the Director of the Brazilian Agency for Cooperation (ABC) paid a visit to Bangkok, and the Local Productive Arrangement Alcoholic Beverage Missions ( "APLA", a group bringing together enterprises and local institutions in the sugar cane alcoholic beverage sector) paid a visit to the state. Over the past few years, the Minister of Science and Technology, Sérgio Resende (2010), the Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Altemir Gregolin (2010), and the Foreign Ministers Luiz Felipe Lampreia (1996) and Celso Amorim (1994) have been to Thailand.
Agreement on technological and scientific co-operation, tripartite technological co-operation, sport co-operation, technical co-operation on health and plant health and the 2013-2014 bilateral and tripartite technological co-operation plan of actions are in place. Extending technological co-operation to third counties offers significant possibilities for a common approach between the Brazilian and Thai co-operation offices (ABCs).
Brazil was awarded two Thai fact-finding mission studies in 2012 as part of the twinning between the two institutions: one to monitor the fruiting flies in March and another to mechanise the sugar cane sugar cane production process for renewable energies in July. Thailand is the second biggest sugar cane exporting country in the global economy with a broad outlook for the development of the bioethanol area.
Opportunities for co-operation also exist in sport, especially in soccer and Muay Thai. Brasil is the nation with the biggest number of centres for studies and practices of Muay Thai in the word - a number that is growing fast - surprisingly surpasses even Thailand. Between the two nations, trading in 2012 amounted to 4.6 billion US dollars.