The History of MyanmarMyanmar's history
An Ancient Myanmar Story by Michael Aung-Thwin from Reaction Book
Through research into contemporary development within the wider pattern of Myanmar's history, civilization and societies, the volume provides a subtle view of the themes and concerns of Myanmar's futures. âThis is a courageous and thought-provoking work that should be studied by all serious Myanmar undergraduates. This is an important re-interpretation of Myanmar's history, inter alia by linking a wide range of historic tendencies with recent developments.â? Dr. Andrew Selth, Michael Aung-Thwin is Chairman and Professor of the Asian Studies Program at the University of Hawaiâi in Manoa.
Aung Thwin is an associate professor of Southeast Asia and Burma history at the National University of Singapore.
The History of Myanmar - Golden Land with Past Glories
What comes to your minds when you hears about Myanmar? Perhaps his army government? to Aung San Suu Kyi? Although this is what we most often hears about the land, there is a great and abundant history beyond these issues. Myanmar's history of civilisation goes back a long way, but what we know as Myanmar dates back mainly to the pagan dynasty in the 9/11.
Anawrahta, who ruled at the age, unified Burma under his empire. During this period many palagodas and churches were constructed in the town of Pagan (Bagan), which at that point was the capitol of the state. Today the area has more than 2,200 temple and pagoda remains and is declared a World Heritage Site, although there were more than 10,000 of them.
The Konbaung dynasty then proceeded with these development. A relict from that era, the Mingun Pahtodawgyi is the biggest incomplete monument in the whole worl. It was launched by Bodawpaya, the 6th Konbaung Dynasty Kindg. It is seen as a mirror of the eccentricity of Bodawpaya.
By the time the Emperor was killed, the plan was canceled. Anglo-Burma War (1824-26) was the beginning of centuries of Britain's occupation of Burma. Until 1885 the Britons managed to occupy the area and establish it as a provincial area of Britisch-Indien. Remains of this time can be seen in the Yangon city centre in the so-called "Colonial District".
The High Court Building (built in 1914) and Strand Hotel (built in 1896) recall the former Britons' stay in Myanmar. As Burma's economic growth during this time, the country's richness and might was focused primarily on India's immigrants and UK companies.
In 1942, Japan partly raided Burma, but by 1945 Britain's forces had regained full command of most of the area. The Aung San, the sire of Aung San Suu Kyi, was recognized as the sovereign and" sire of the nation" of present-day Myanmar, but he was murdered six month before the proclamation of liberation on January 4, 1948.
As it turned out, it was the beginning of a long and gloomy era in which Burma stayed away from the outside of the world. Ne-Win took over the lead of the nation and tried to turn Burma into a nationalist state. At the beginning of 1990, Aung San Suu Kyi, the murdered Aung San's sister, opposed the war.
Among the reform measures was the liberation of Aung San Suu Kyi. Since then, change has speeded up and in 2016 the country's first civilian prime minister since 1962 was chosen, while Aung San Suu Kyi herself took over the state council. This is hopefully the beginning of the Myanmar recovery of past glories.
Myanmar is available for tailor-made trips. The tour starts or ends in Yangon or Mandalay and lasts about 9 nights; visit Yangon, Bagan, Mandalay and Inle Lake.