The City of BurmaCity of Burma
Myanmar (Burma) - All Cities in Myanmar (Burma)
In most areas of Myanmar (Burma) and especially in the northern part of the county and on the border, it is not advisable to go to the tourist office because of the threat of terrorism, the threat to human life from insects and the poor level of sanitation. Burma is the biggest land on the Indochinese Peninsula (also known as South East Continental Asia).
Extending from north to south, its widest width is no more than 960 km. Situated on a huge plateau with the highest density of inhabitants, the Irrawaddy, the biggest Irrawaddy is crossing it. The Irrawaddy ends with a deltas that is thrown into the Andaman Ocean.
It is bounded by mountains that serve as borders to India and Thailand: the Arakan chain that connects the Tibetan plateau to an arch that stretches to the Himalayas in the western part is the highest chain of mountains on the northern isle. Myanmar's highest summit, the Hkakabo Razi, is 5,881 metres above sea level and lies in the Great Himalayan Dandalika Shan.
Besides the freshwater and other Myanmar river populations, the fauna is widespread, especially in rainforests where more than 1,000 bird and 400 reptile and amphibian populations have been registered. In former times, this rhino type used to live in the open country all over Southeast Asia, India, China and on the isles of Java and Sumatra.
It is currently assumed that the overall populations in an Indonesia based nature reserve are about forty. Myanmar's colonization probably began around 10,000 B.C., but it is very hard to know the origins and way of living of its early people. In the opinion of some scholars, the Mons are the founding fathers of the Suvarnabhumi Kingdom, which has been referred to in various Buddhist, Hellenic and Indo-European writings, but its position is the object of much debate.
Various theories about his position have been put forward, especially the Isle of Java in Indonesia, South India or the Suphanburi provinces in Thailand. It is claimed by the Myanmar people that this mythical empire was in the south of Tenasserim and that the Andaman Sea harbour of Thaton was its city.
Unless the monarchy's location and timeline are clearly defined, it seems certain that the Moon Empire named Thaton existed in the lowlands around the sixth millennium BC and that the pyus created several city states in the middle of the state. There is a story that two Thaton principesses formed the city of Pegou in the sixth AD.
Then the Mons had three capital cities, Thaton, Pegou in Myanmar and the Thai city of Nakhon Pathom. In the eleventh-century the different Mons kings, who had not united, were unable to resist the Myanmar and Thailand Khmer raids of the Kingdom of Pagan in Burma.
Pagan is turned into an imperium by grouping different towns around the capitol Pagan (today Bagan). He' imposing it on the Burmese as a state religious group. He expands his realm to the whole Irawaddy Plain by razoring the city of Thaton and then invading the realm of Dali in the Chinese province of Yunnan to take the Buddha's tootha.
The Shwezigon Pagoda was constructed, which can be seen in Nyaung U, near Pagan, to accommodate his valuable reliquary. So Pagan became a local Buddhist capitol and the monarchs are regarded as protectors of it. By the end of the thirteenth centuary, the entire Indo-Chinese half of the island was split between the Kingdom of Pagan in the western part and the Khmer Empire in the eastern part, which flourished through maritime and terrestrial traffick.
During this time, the Monarchs of Pagan gave land to Buddhist abbeys that was not taxed. As a result, the empire slowed down significantly and could not contain the Mongolian invasion that conquered the city in 1287. With no true sovereignty, the empire is collapsing and the various areas are once again in isolation. A number of empires took the chance to appear, the Mons were back in the southern part of the land, in Martaban and Pegou, while the centre was manned by Burmese Shans from Yannan.
The Myinsaing Kingdom was created, which then produced the Pinya and the Sagaing Kingdom on both sides of the Irrawaddy. 1364 the two empires were destroyed by the Shans of Mogaung in the northern part of the land and the kingdom of Ava was built on the remains of the main part of the state.
He decided to build his capitol on a small islet between the Irrawaddy, one of its affluents, and an artificial canal that connects the two creeks. Then Myanmar lived an exciting time, characterized by countless battles with the neighbouring empires, the Thais and the Chinese. Resisting the attacks until 1527, when the Prince of Mohnyin joined forces with the other Shan lords and destroyed the realm of Ava.
To avoid the conflict, a part of the Taungû people, who had already declared their independence in 1510, had used shelter. It was then elected to be the capitol of a new empire that would soon become the Second Burmese Empire, established by King Mingyinyo and his heirs.
Taungu and Pégou dynasties expanded their territories by the annexation of the Irrawaddy Deltas and the Pégou State. Pegu enjoys a special trading position and becomes the capitol of an empire that is continuing its growth in Laos. Antique Burma peaked and ruled until the early seventeenth cent.
In 1752, when the city of Pegu rebelled against Ava, the realm crumbled once and for all, handing over the place to the Konbaung family. She established the third Myanmar Reich, which is expanding and reaching the borders of Myanmar today. It is a prosperous nation, thanks in particular to China's trading and modernisation.
But the British, concerned about the empire's might, broke this delicate truce at the beginning of the nineteenth-century, which resulted in the three Anglo-Burmese battles between 1824 and 1885. Burma was formally invaded by the United Kingdoms on 1 January 1886 and became a British Indian provincial state.
Much insurrectionary movement erupted in the county, but was strongly suppressed by the UK Forces. It was not until around 1900 that order was re-established in the state. People do not profit from this new richness. The majority of the workers come from India and Burma without work and are too poverty-stricken to afford their credits and are displaced from their area.
Workers were organised, during which the British had to separate the land from India and give it a new state. In 1941, when Japan proclaimed Britain to be the United Kingdom, the Burmese Independence Force was fighting alongside the Japan military. Burma started in January 1942 between the Allies and the Axis powers.
Japan gained land until 1943 and granted Burma the state its sovereignty in 1942, but was eventually vanquished and had to flee the state in July 1945 after the conquest of Rangoon. Only a few month before, the Myanmar authorities had turned against Japan and join the Allied forces. Burma is formally self-sufficient in 1947 and it is U Nu, the former member of Thakin, who is named prime minister.
They form a democratically elected regime and remain in office until 1962, when they are toppled by a 1962 army upheaval. It became a dictatorial army and was given the name "Union of the Socialist Republic of Burma" in 1974. Peoples live in the darkness of oppression and impoverishment and, at the same time, suppress the protests with violence and rebuild a new army regime, the "State Peace and Development Council".
In the following year Burma was re-named Myanmar, a name that was not used by many nations, not least the United States, as a token of resistance to the current state. To resist the Burmese army june, Aung San Suu Kyi, sister of Aung San, the nationalistic general who was negotiating the country's sovereignty, and Burma's envoy to India, formed a new NaLd.
In spite of the League's clear win in the 1990 election, the army junta refused him the right to sits. Moreover, Aung San Suu Kyi, who was freed in 1995, cannot move because she cannot come back and cannot see that his host families have stayed in Britain. She' s going to be removed from the election by the army jungle.
They' re dissolving the army jungle. Htin Kyaw, President of the Republic of Burma, a member of the National League for Democracy political group and a key advisor to Aung San Suu Kyi since March 30, 2016. Naypyidaw (formerly Pyinmana) instead of Rangoon has been the nation's capitol since 2005.
It is likely that this ruling by the remaining ruling army junta was taken to defend the country's administration capitol from a possible marine outbreak. The new city is huge but very thinly inhabited, so it is nicknamed a haunted city.
Burma was a very prosperous nation until the 1930', mainly thanks to the exports of paddywood. Though little industrialised today, Myanmar benefits financially from its pristine reserves, gems and semi-precious gems. However, farming is the most important industry in the economy and the output of raw materials such as rices (25 million tonnes), sugars (7.3 million tonnes) and, in smaller amounts, corn, peanuts, cigarettes and cigarettes account for half of GNP.
Myanmar is also an important opium-producing nation (the second after Afghanistan) grown by the country's impoverished people. On the power side, Burma has a small onshore fuel cell, while the Yadena natural-gas facility in the Andaman Sea is shared between Total and Chevron Company.
The sea bed serves Burma, but also part of Thailand. Although the tourist industry is still largely untapped, it could become an important actor in Burma's economic system in the years to come. Myanmar's overall populace is well above the 51,000,000 people. Birth rates are 2. 16 per wife, but the state has an extreme child death ratio of 43.
It has a lifespan of not more than 67 years, which accounts for a small growth in the average age of the inhabitants and some persons over 65 years (less than 6% of the population). Myanmar has 135 different ethnical groups, but only seven "national races" are recognised by the government: the Burmese with 68% of the Burmese populace, Shans (9%), Karens (7%), Arakanesesi ( ) %), Chin (3%), Indians (2%) and Monsoon (2%).
Rohingya, the Islamic ethnical minorities, are subject to discrimination and their populations have not been recognised as Burmese since 1962 under the Ne Win regime. Myanmar is the state' s main foreign tongue, is educated at schools and is widely used by about 65% of the people. In addition to Burmese, there are several hundred other tongues and vernaculars such as English, the second teaching langaugre.
The economic and cultural convergence of Burma and China, however, makes Mandarin an important langua. 88 % of Myanmar's population are Buddhists, but the veneration of the ghosts (nats) is also very present, especially in the rural areas and in Myanmar homes. Adoration of the Nat precedes the emergence of Buddhism in the land.
As King Anawratha was converting to Theravada Buddhism, he approved the statuette of 37 formal states in churches and shrines, making Burma's Buddhism inimitable. 6 percent of the people are Christians and 4 percent are Islamists. Myanmar cooking is the product of a mix of indigenous, indic, chinese as well as thaiian cuisines, but is less pungent than in many other asiatic cuisines.
Sweetened non-sweetened leaf tee is the favourite drink of the people of Burma, who also drink the beer, fruity white grapes or coconut. Wood puppeteering and Thai and Mon-inspired dance are part of Burma's cultural scene. There are only four points of entry and unauthorised entry is punished by prison sentences.
It' s important to observe the habits of the locals and to wear appropriate clothes to go to places of cult. Burma's old capital cities provide the visitor with a wealth of architecture.