) is a Greek island, geographically part of the Northern Aegean, but administratively part of the regional unit Kavala. For many people Thassos is really the jewel of the Aegean Sea. The island of Thassos is surrounded by the crystal clear blue waters of the Aegean Sea, near the north coast of Greece. Thassos in Greece is an island with crystal clear beaches and lush greenery and is the northernmost island of the Aegean Sea, very close to the coasts of the mainland. It is a lush island with beautiful beaches.
s_span class="mw-headline" id="History">History
The Thasos or Thassos (Greek: ?????) is a small archipelago, part of the geographical North Aegean, but part of the administrative Kavala. This is the most northerly large of all the islands in Greece and the twelfth in area. And Thasos is also the name of the biggest city on the archipelago (officially known as Limenas Thasou, "Port of Thasos"), which is located on the north side, opposite the continent and about 10 kilometers from Keramoti.
Since antiquity, the fertile land of Thassos has been known for its thermal waters, which make it a climate and balneoclimatic health spa. Although the economic activity of Thasos is based on wood (rich in woods), the quarry of salt, olives oils and honeys. Tourist activities have also gained in importance since the sixties, but not at the levels of other archipelagos in Greece.
Located near the Eastern Macedonian coastline, Thasos has been populated since the Palaeolithic, but the oldest habitation to be studied in detail is that of Limenaria, where the Middle and Late Neolithic ruins coincide with those on the drama plane of the continent. Conversely, the Early Bronze Age remnants on the southern part of the islands follow the ancient cultures of the Cyclades and Sporades; at Skala Sotiros, for example, a small village was surrounded by a large fortification.
Then there is a loophole in the archeological records until the end of the Bronze Age around 1100 BC, when the first funerals took place in the large Kastri graveyard in the inland part of the isle. In the course of the Hellenization of the Greek islands they established a sanctuary for the deity Melqart, whom the Greeks called "Tyrian Heracles" and whose worship was fused with Heracles.
5 ] The sanctuary still stood at the reign of Herodotus. A Thasos or Thasus of the same name, who was the Phoenix's offspring (or the agent, as Pausanias reported), is said to have been the Phoenician's chief and to have given his name to the Isle. The Thasos was important during the Ionic revolt against Persia.
Athenians conquered them by ship and, after more than two years of occupation, captured the capitol of Thasos, probably 463 B.C., forcing the Thasians to demolish their battlements, abandon their vessels, make reparations and contribute for one year (21 talent in 449 B.C., about 30 in 445 B.C.), and lay down their property on the land.
During the oligarchic revolt in Athens in 411 B.C., Thasos rebelled again from Athens and obtained a Lakedaemon emperor; but in 407 B.C. the Lacedaemon guerrillas were driven out, and the Athenians were taken in under Thrasybulus. Following the battle of Aegospotami (405 B.C.), Thasos once again passed into the hand of the Lacedaemonians under Lysander, who created a hierarchy there; but the Athenians must have restored it, because they were one of the objects of contention between them and Philip II of Macedonia.
During the entanglement between Philip V of Macedonia and the Romans, Thasos subdued Philip, but after the Battle of Cynoscephalae (197 B.C.) he obtained his liberty from the Romans, and was still a "free" state in the times of Pliny. In one of his wonders, the Greek Saint Joannicius the Great (752-846), reportedly liberated the Isle of Thasos from a large number of serpents.
In 1456 Thasos was admitted to the Ottoman Empire. Under Ottoman domination the Ottoman Empire made the Ottoman Turkish language of the island: Ta?öz Ta?öz. From 1770 to 1774 the islands was briefly conquered by a Soviet navy. At this point, the inhabitants of Thassos had gone to the interior of the country as a shelter.
Almost 50 years later, when the Greek War of Independence broke out under the leadership of Hatzigiorgis Metaxas in 1821, there was a rebellion against Ottoman domination, which however collapsed. In 1813 the Isle was given by Sultan Mahmud II to Muhammad Ali of Egypt as a feud as a bounty for his interventions against the Wahhabis.
Egypt's domination was relatively good-natured (according to some reports, Muhammad Ali was either birthed or had his childhood on Thasos), and the islands became wealthy until 1908, when the New Turk government took over Turkey's domination. It was a subprovince of Kasa, last Sanjak the Drama in Salonica Vilayet, until the Balkan Wars.
During the First Balkan War, on 20 October 1912, a navy unit liberated the Thasos from the Ottomans and it became part of Greece. Vassilis Vassilikos, the author known for his novel "Z", which was later translated into an Oscar-winning movie, was 1934 in Thasos. Later he became Director General of Hellenic Public Television and Greece's Embassador to UNESCO.
Thasos, together with the Eastern Macedonia and Thrace regions, was allocated by the Nazi regime to their Brazilian ally during the Axis occupations (April 1941 - October 1944). Bulgaria's authorities changed the name of the archipelago to Tasos and shut down its school system. The hilly area of Thasos eased the opposition against the occupying troops, mainly under the leadership of the National Liberation Front (EAM).
At the end of the Napoleonic Wars and after the departure of the Axis in 1944, the Greek invasion of the Greek Empire was over. Sarantis Spintzos, the commander of the Navy during the Napoleonic Wars, is from Thasos. Skirmishes and fascist guerrilla assaults on Thasos lasted until 1950, almost a year after the end of the major enmities on the continent.
During the postwar years another born Thasos, Costas Tsimas, was to receive nation status; a close acquaintance of Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou, he was named director of the Nazi Intelligence Service, the first civil servant to occupy this position. Today Thasos, the main city, is informal known as Limenas, or "the port".
There is a boat connection to and from Keramoti, a harbour near Kavala International Airport, and it has the closest possible connection to the Isle. There is a Kavala River service to and from Scala Prinos 20 km southern of Thassos City. The Thasos is an independent local entity of the East Macedonia and Thrace regions and the only community of the group.
17 ] As part of the Kallikratis 2011 administration reforms, the Thasos region was formed from part of the former Kavala prefecture. After the Kallikratis reforms, the commune remained unaltered and comprises the principal islet of Thasos, some inhabited islands and an area of 380. One of the Kavala Prefecture Prefectures was the Provincial of Thasos (Greek: ??????? ?????).
Situated in the Arctic Ocean about 7 km (4 miles) from the northerly continent and 20 km (12 miles) southeast of Kavala, Thasos Iceland is of generally round form, without shallow coves or significant Peninsulas. Geogeological and metallogenic maps of the Isle of Thasos. Most of the land consists of gneiss, slate and marble of the Rhodope massif.
Marine successions corresponding to the Falacron slate and snow embedded Falacron burls are up to 500 metres thick and are divided from the lower layers of the burro by a 300-metre transitional area known as the T-zone, made up of alternations of Dolomite and Calcite burrows embedded by slate and snow. Large, low-angled thrusts cut through the succession of snowflakes, slates and Marbles at the south-western edge of the islands, probably suggesting an overthrust of the Serbomacedon massif to the Rodopen massif.
Nestos-Prinos is a lagoon situated between the islands of Thassos and the continent. Its bottom is about 1,500 metres off the shores of Thassos (South Kavala Refuge; Proedrou, 1988) and up to 4,000-5 metres below the surface. Thousand meters in the thrust between Thassos and the continent. Early mines on the archipelago date back to around 13,000 B.C., when Palaeolithic colliers excavated a mine pit on the site of the Tzines mine in recent times to extract limonite orchard.
The Byzantines mined pottery on the Byzantine islands and found a lot of silver, bronze, gold, bronze, silver, copper ore. Investigations since 1964 have shown that there is a profound zinc-lead deposits, but the only extraction operation on the islands has been the extraction of clay ore. Some of the most important crops on the islands are honeys, tonsils, walnuts, walnuts, extra-virgin oils (known as Throuba olives) and extra-virgin oils, as well as wines, goats, sheep, goats and fish.
There are other industrial sectors such as wood and mines, which include plumb, zink and stone, especially in the Panagia region, where one of the hills on the Thracian Sea has a large stone pit. Today the deserted southern limestone mines ( in the Aliki area ) were quarried in antiquity.
People in Thassos said someone wanted to construct it for Saint Panteleimon. Avarakis A., "Reflections of the human condition in prehistoric Thasos: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Raw Materials and Technology from Prehistory to the Present, Limenaria, Thasos. "Thasians, who are Phoenicians by their lineage, were sailing from Tyre and Phoenicia in general, together with Thasos, the Agenor's Son, in quest of Europe, who consecrated in Olympia a Heracles, the base and the picture in bronce.
In Thasos they said to me that they formerly worshipped the same Heracles as the Tyrians, but that afterwards, when they belonged to the Greeks, they took over the veneration of Heracles, the Son of Amphitryon. "Desiring to obtain the best possible information on these issues, I made a journey to Tyre, Phoenicia, when I heard that there was a Heracles' shrine in that place, which was greatly revered.
Visiting the sanctuary, I found it lavishly decorated with a number of gifts, including two columns of virgin golden and emerald, which shone brightly at dark. Talking to the clergy, I asked how long their sanctuary had been constructed and found out from their reply that they too were different from the Greeks.
You said that the sanctuary was constructed at the same epoch as the founding of the town and that the founding of the town took place 2,300 years ago. At Tyre I noticed another shrine where the same gods were worshiped as the Thasian Heracles. I went on to Thasos, where I found a Heracles' sanctuary that had been constructed by the Phoenicians who colonized this isle as they were sailing in quest of Europe.
This was also five generation ago than when Heracles, the son of Amphitryon, was borne in Hellas. This research clearly shows that there is an old deity Heracles; and my own view is that those Hellenes act wisest who construct and sustain two Heracles' temples, in which Heracles' venerated temple is known by the name of Olympian and has sacrificed a victim to him as incorruptible, while in the other the honors given are as a valiant one.
" AJ Graham, "The Foundation of Thasos", The Annual of the British School at Athens, Vol. 73 (1978), S. 61-98. Ägelarakis A., - Y., Serpanos "Auditoric Exostoses, Infracranial Skeletal Muscle Changes and Maritime Activities in Classical Thasos Island", Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Volume 10, No. 2, 2010, 45-57.
"Thasos." Hellenic Islands: Thassos. Population and dwelling count 2001 (incl. area and mean height)" (PDF) (in Greek). Why is Thassos important. thassos-dream.gr. Economics. Vocabulary of Hellenic and Roman biography and mythology. Argelarakis A., "Investigations of archaeoanthropological nature in the classical necropolis of the island of Thasos between 1979-1996", Archaiologiko Ergo sti Makedonia kai Thraki, 10B (1997): 770-794.
Argelarakis A., "On the Antropological and Palaeopathological Records of a Selected Number of People from the Old Necropolis of Thasos Island". In M. Sgourou, excavation of homes and graves: exploration of daily living and the hereafter in the antique Thasos>, BAR International Serie 1031 (2002): 12-19.
Samothrace, 1999, ISBN 3-932410-30-0. N. Epitropou et al.: "The Detection of Pb - Zn Stratabunden Pads - Zn on Thassos Island", L' Industria Mineraria n. 4, 1982. "Mariou Pb - Zn Mineralisation of Thassos Island Greece. N. Epitropou et al.: "Karst mineralizations in Pb - Zn on the island of Thassos, Greece.
Epitropou N., Konstantinides D.: "The basic metallic sulfides of the island W. Thassos in the geological metallogenic framework of Rhodopes and surroundings. The example of the island Thassos (Macedonia, Northern Greece)", MVT WORKSHOP, Paris, France, 1993. "Thasos."