Thailand Political Situation 2016Political situation in Thailand in 2016
2017 World Report: Human Rights Watch Thailand
Thailand's year was turbulent with the death of King Bhumibhol Adulyadej on 13 October after 70 years in power. In 2016, the Thai authorities, headed by Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-ocha, again neglected to honour the commitments made to the United Nations General Assembly and the UNHRC, to observe fundamental freedoms and to re-establish democracy.
The adoption of a new treaty, which will enshrine irresponsible and misuse of force, took place in a popular vote characterised by oppressive policies against opponents of the draft state. Prior to the August 7 presidential vote, the governing National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) restricted the right to free speech, free organization and non-violent gathering through oppressive legislation such as the Law on Referendums, the Computer Crime Act and Art. 116 of the Criminal Reclamation Act, and NCPO decrees to censor the press and prevent more than five persons from attending official meetings.
The Thai officials detained at least 120 political figures, militants, reporters and political movement followers who had criticised the suggested bill, made public announcements that they would be" No", called on the electorate to oppose the bill, or tried to oversee it. Nor did the Algerian regime give those opposed to the proposal equality of rights to the state press and make sure that the electoral committee supervising the referenda was impartial.
Under the 2014 transitional treaty, the NCPO was allowed to exercise unrestricted bureaucratic, legal and legal authority without actual supervision or responsibility, even for breaches of the law. Supporting these prerogatives, the new constitutional treaty will ensure that the regime cannot be blamed for abuse it has perpetrated since taking office in May 2014.
Rather than pave the way for a resumption of civil government, as pledged in its so-called roadmap, the regime has established and enforced a political fabric that seems to extend the military's hold on government. and the NCPO's achievements.
Amnesty International called off its Bangkok news briefing on 28 September to publish a story about Thailand's tortures after the agencies threaten to detain Amnesty International executives for illegal work as foreign nationals in the state. NCPO has given the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission the authority to penalise discerning people.
Pronounced Voice TV and Spring Nachrichten newscasters have been suspensed because of their criticism of the MP. The Peace TV station was squeezed out of the program for 30 consecutive weeks in July 2016. On a regular basis, the Burmese government exercise its authority to prohibit political gatherings of more than five people. In addition, the regime has largely used insurrection suits involving up to seven years in jail to persecute those who oppose it.
Last March, the Chiang Mai provincial army detained and accused Theerawan Charoensuk of rioting over the publication of a photograph on Facebook, when they held a scarlet cup with Thai New Year's greetings from former prime ministers Thaksin Shinawatra and Yingluck Shonawatra. The Thai government has accused at least 68 people of reading majest since the May 2014 putsch, mainly for publishing or exchanging commentaries on the Internet.
Since King Bhumibhol Adulyadej's deathbed on 13 October, the police have arrested 10 persons and investigated 194 new cases. In 2016, the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, France, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Cambodia and Laos were also called upon by the administration to return Thailand's nationals who were seeking political refuge on the Majesty's charge of prosecution.
General Prayut on 12 September withdrew three NCPO orders authorising armed forces tribunals to bring civil servants to justice for crimes of domestic safety, involving riot and harvesting majesties. The lawsuit, however, is not retrospective and does not concern the more than 1,800 cases already filed against individuals in civilian tribunals. They also retain the authority to apprehend, capture and question civil servants for a broad spectrum of crimes without protection against misuse or responsibility for violation of fundamental freedoms.
NCPO rejected claims that the army had continued to torture and ill-treat prisoners even after the deaths of the diviner Suriyan Sucharitpolwong and the chief of police Prakrom Warunprapa - both indicted for Reading Majesty - during their imprisonment at the eleventh century Congregation. As of the date of the letter, 45 individuals were held at the preventive custody centre within the Army Circle in Bangkok without proper protection against misuse.
NCPO has called on members of the Pheu Thai Party and the United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD), known as the "Red Shirts", and other campaigners charged by the opposition government to " adapt their attitudes ". NCPO forced people who were dismissed from the "behavioral adaptation " programmes to enter into an arrangement that states that they will not make political comment, participate in political activity or go abroad without a permit.
Although there is proof that the junta's police force was accountable for the vast majority of the victims during the 2010 political clash, which claimed at least 90 lives and more than 2,000 injuries, no political decision-makers of the then Abhisit Vejjajiva administration or members of the armed services were accused of unlawful killings and injuries to demonstrators or passers-by.
As UDD leader and supporter of the 2010 road protest was confronted with serious legal allegations, little headway was made in the investigation or prosecution of supposed crimes by the People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD), known as "Yellow Shirts", during political confrontation in 2008 or the People's Democratic Reform Committee (PDRC) in 2013-2014.
More than 6,000 Muslims from Malaysia and Thai Buddhists have been murdered in the Thai South Frontier Province since January 2004. There was little headway in an on-going peacemaking dialog between the administration and Barisan Revolusi Nasional and other secessionist groups in Majlis Syura Patani's informal alliance.
Proofs suggest that Separitist groups extended their operation beyond Thailand's northern frontier province and on 11 and 12 August conducted a series of blasts and incendiary bombings in seven touristic cities. However, the authorities have still neglected to bring criminal proceedings against those forces behind clandestine killing, torturing and other assaults on Muslims of Malaysia ethnically.
The Thai government has in many cases provided pecuniary reparation to the victim or his family if they agreed to refrain from prosecuting improper officers. In January 2012 Thailand ratified the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, but has yet to do so.
I' m afraid the penitentiary doesn't yet recognise forced emancipation as a crime. The UN Working Group on Forced or Involuntary Enforcement has registered 82 cases of forced or involuntary displacement in Thailand since 1980. Much of these cases concerned Thai civil servants - among them the extinction of celebrity Islamic attorney Somchai Neelapaijit in March 2004 and Karen ethnical campaigner Por Cha Lee "Billy" Rakchongcharoen in April 2014.
Since 2001, the killings and disappearances of more than 30 people defending people and other civic organizations have remained a serious stain on Thailand's balance sheet. Policing made no headway in the investigation of the destiny of Khamlae, a landmark who disappeared in April 2016 in a wood near his home in Chaiyaphum County.
The promises made by the Algerian parliament to take action to defend those defending people' s freedoms have not been honoured. Thailand's public-sector bodies and corporations are continuing to use libel actions to take retaliatory action against those who report atrocities. The Bangkok South Court on 20 September found UK labour lawyer Andy Hall responsible for defaming and infringing the Computer Crime Act and imprisoned him for four years (which the court stayed because Hall's work was seen as advantageous for Thailand's society).
one of Thailand's largest pinapple growers, on a recent incident claiming serious labour law violations at one of its plants. He said he was worried about his security in the midst of judicial issues and increasing harassments. Last July, the army lodged a grievance against celebrity campaigners Somchai Homlaor, Pornpen Khongkachonkie and Anchana Heemmina, blaming them for defaming criminals and infringing the Computer Crimes Act for covering acts of abuse and abuse of rebel criminals in the South Frontier Forces.
Last September, the Thai Army blamed Sirikan Charoensiri, a major member of Thailand's human rights lawyers, for the riot over the support and advocacy of New Democracy Movement militants during their June 2015 silent anti-coup protests in Bangkok. Thailand has not yet done so by ratifying the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol.
The Thai refugee agencies continue to regard applicants for political refugee status, in particular those recognised as United Nations recognised immigrants, as illegally immigrants who must be arrested and expelled. It has neglected to supply information on the present location and welfare of the over 100 Uyghurs and dissident rabble-rousers who have been exported to China in 2015, in contravention of human rights.
In June, the administration said it needed more work with Burma and the UN to launch a trial to return more than 120,000 people to the nine Thai-Burmese borders. It has not allowed the UN High Commissioner for Refugees' Bureau to carry out investigations to determine Rohingya's identity as a Burmese national.
Mr Rohingya men, woman and child have been imprisoned indefinitely in immigrant prisons and state accommodation throughout Thailand. Burmese, Cambodian, Laotian and Vietnamese migrants are susceptible to abuse, imprisonment and blackmail by Thai agencies, serious violations of labour laws and labour law and harassment by employer, as well as crime and criminal acts of violent and trafficked persons, sometimes in cooperation with dirty civil servants.
One of the government's "national priorities" was the enforcement of the Criminal Procedure Act against Traffic in Persons, with a mixture of results. As of the date of the letter, the Centre's effort to combat illicit fisheries to repress the trade in fishery and shellfish products was still local.
Little headway was made in the Lt. Gen Manas Kongpa case - along with 52 of the country's MPs, parish councillors, business people and suspected delinquents - over the trade of the Rohingya people to Malaysia. Migrants continue to be afraid of being reported of human smuggling offences or of co-operating with the Thai administration as there is no efficient form of shelter. In particular, the more than 2,800 extra-judicial murders that followed the "war on drugs" of then Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra in 2003.
In January 2016, the Environmental Protection Department was awarded a grant to rehabilitate Klity Creek in Kanchanaburi County. The Supreme Court in a ruling in 2013 called on the federal authorities to clear the site. Thailand was beaten by Kazakhstan in June to look for a temporary UN Security Council office for 2017-2018.
United Nations forums and Thailand's main confederates continue to call on the Burmese government to promote democracy and restore it through free and free civic government and free election. In the course of the Universal Periodic Review of Thailand by the UNHRC in May, the Office of the High Commissioner for human and many other nations voiced their concern about breaches of basic laws and liberties since the May 2014 coup d'état.
The National Commission on Human Right in Thailand was demoted in January 2015 on the basis of the International Coordination Committee of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Fundamental Freedoms because of a failure of its own independent selection of commissars and its own underachievement. In the US State Department's yearly report on traffic in persons, Thailand has been ranked third and second (Watch List), despite concern from humanitarian groups about the failure to make significant advances in governance.
Against this backdrop, the European Commission has brought up the issue of traffic in and slave labour on Thai fishermen's vessels when it asked Thailand for possible trading penalties in relation to illicit, undeclared and non-regulated fisheries.