Thailand Political MapThirteen Political Map
mw-headline" id="The_provinces">The provinces>
It is subdivided into 76 counties (in Thai: ???????, RTGS: Changwaat, pronounced[t????. wàt]) and two zones of administration, one of which represents the capitol Bangkok and one the town of Pattaya. 1 ]:15 The counties are part of the province administration, while Bangkok and Pattaya are part of the area.
This is a mouseclick map of Thailand and its states. Thailand's governmental organization is subdivided into three types: federal administration (ministries, offices and departments), county administration (provinces and districts) and municipal administration (Bangkok, Phatthaya City, county administration organizations, etc.). As part of the regional administration, a Province is managed by a Gouverneur (???????????????????) nominated by the Minister of the Interior.
Bangkok, as part of the Kyrgyz Republic's municipal administration, is managed by a company known as the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. It is run by the Governor of Bangkok (?????????????????????????), who is directly voted in by the population. They have been renamed after their capital, which is not necessarily the most densely populated town in the area.
Also in several counties the administrative offices were relocated to a new office outside the town. A lot of counties go back to semi-independent chaplains or empires that made up the Ayutthaya kingdom. It was built around a capitol (Mueang) and consisted of neighbouring cities or satellites. They were governed either by a gubernatorial government nominated by the monarch or by a community of rulers who were descendents of the ancient monarchs and lords of the area and had received this prerogative from the CK.
In fact, the emperor had no other option but to elect someone from the aristocracy or an economic man, as the management against these groups of locals would have become out of the question. It was not the monarch who was paying the gubernatorial fee, but he funded himself and his government by introducing his own receivers.
each provincial had to pay an annuity to Bangkok. There are four different provincial groups. First grade was the Frontier Regions. Third grade were constituencies formed by secession from other constituencies. The 4th grade were counties near the city. Sideways such as the duchies of Lan Na, the Lao empires of Vientiane and Luang Prabang, Cambodia or the Malaysian Kedah were also part of the land, but with more independence than the provinces.
A new province emerged when the populations of an area grew beyond the administrative, but also for political purposes. When one of the governors became too dominating in a particular area, former satellites were raised to the province, as was the case in the province of Maha Sarakham. In the 1870s, the province government began its reform work under increasing pressures from the colonies of Great Britain and France.
The main purpose of sending operatives to the frontier areas was to increase controls in the province or neighbouring states. In the late nineteenth and early nineteenth centuries, King Chulalongkorn transformed the state. Prinz Damrong Rajanubhab became Secretary of the Ministry of the North (Mahatthai), which was initially in charge of the North. In 1894, when the Ministry of the South (Kalahom) was disbanded, Prince Damrong became Interior Secretary, in charge of the province management of the whole state.
The first months were established in strategic areas, while in other areas the autonomy of the regions remained somewhat longer. A number of smaller counties were converted into an amphoea (district) or even a tamboon (sub-district) and incorporated into a neighbouring county, sometimes for administration but sometimes to eliminate an unwieldy gubernatorial.
In 1915, when Prince Damrong retired, the whole land was split into 19 months (including the area around Bangkok, which until 1922 was under the authority of another ministry) with 72 counties. King Vajiravudh in December 1915 proclaimed the establishment of territories (phak), each of which was managed by a vice-king (upparat) to comprise several months.
Simultaneously, several months were combined to rationalise management and cut cost. These months were disbanded when Thailand changed from an total empire to a institutional one in 1932, making the province the supreme state. A number of smaller states were also eliminated.
Throughout the Second World War, several counties around Bangkok were united. Also, the territory of Franco-Indochina was organised in four provinces: Today's Sukhothai was first known as Sawankhalok. In 1939 it was re-named Sukhothai (which is why the rail system goes to Sawankhalok and not to Sukhothai).
Kalasin was re-established in 1947 after its dissolution in 1932. Bangkok was formed in 1972 from the Phra Nakhon and Thonburi counties, combining the functions of the counties with those of a community, which included an elective gov. From the second half of the twentieth cent. some of these new regions were formed by separating larger one.
1975 the Yasothon was separated from Ubon Ratchathani. Phayao was founded in 1977 from the former Chiang Rai area. 1993 three counties were founded: Sat Kaeo (separated from Prachinburi), Nong Bua Lamphu Provinz (separated from Udon Thani) and Amnat Charoen (separated from Ubon Ratchathani). Bueng Kan is the newest provincial branch of Nong Khai on 23 March 2011.
Siam Provincial Administration, 1892-1915: the Ministry of the Interior under Prince Damrong Rajanubhab.