Thailand formerly known asThai formerly known as
Thailand is a nations based on various columns, Buddhism and monarchy included. The modern Thailand is characterized by religious beliefs, although the face of the land since the turn of the twentieth centuries has been marked by many external factors such as Islam, China's immigration and westernization. Thailand of the 21. centennial has been characterized by culture, arts, music, dancing, kitchen and more.
Hundreds of years before a unified land was founded, the area was a stronghold of various realms, among them the Khmer, Lanna, Mon and Malaí. Thailand, the first "Thailand" in the world, is considered to be the empire of Sukhothai, which was founded in the mid-13th cent. Succothai grew and developed further and became the premier empire in the area until the mid-14th centur y when it was clouded by the rising Ayutthaya state.
In the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries they were a dominating force occupying the Khmer empire's mythical town of Angkor and finally invading the kingdom of Lanna in the north of Thailand. Travellers can discover the remains of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Historical Park (Khlong Tho, Pratu Chai, 1300). After his death, the King of Siam (as Thailand was formerly called), King Taksin, transferred the whole people to Thonburi and established a new capitol, still on the Chao Phraya River.
It became known as the Chakri Dynasty, which still is. Rattanakosin's story can be seen in several places across the land, among them the Siam Museum (4 Sanam Chai Road, Phra Nakhon, Bangkok) and the National Museum (Phra Borom Maha Ratchawang, Bangkok). Thailand stayed a supreme state when Asia was dominated by the colonialist regime between the eighteenth and twentieth century and all its neighbours conquered the power of Europe.
Franco-Indochina and British Asia were divided by Thailand, but still largely affected the state. Thailand, an important US coalition in the Vietnam war, flourished in the 1960s and 1970s as a robust (and yet military-led) land as it developed into the next production site in Asia. In the 1980s, more than a decade after the overthrow of more than a decade of government by violent coup d'état, Thailand became a premier South East Asia state with a prosperous agricultural and tourist industry and a strong economic stability.
It was, however, the cause of the 1997 Asia crises that struck the state. With the exception of the strong Islamic influences in the southern hemisphere, most of Thailand is covered by Tibet. Known in Thailand as Wat, they are omnipresent throughout the land, known for their gold ornaments and artistic outfits.
Wat Pho, Wat Arun and Wat Phra Kaew are among the most frequented places in Bangkok. Caiang Mai' s Wat Phra Doi Suthep is another renowned sanctuary to explore. Pugilism is the major sports in Thailand, also known as "Muay Thai".