Thailand facts and HistoryThirteenth Century Thailand Facts and History
Thailand National Profile: Heritage & Cultures
Thailand is a constitutive empire under the cherished Bhumibol Adulyadej, who has ruled since 1946. Bhumibol is the world's longest-serving leader. Thailand's present Prime Minister is Yingluck Shinawatra, who took up her post as the first woman to do so on 5 August 2011. Thailand's main Thai is a musical idiom of the East Asian Tai-Kadai-group.
The first written Thai was published around 1292 AD. Common minorities in Thailand are Lao, Yawi (Malay), Teochew, Mon, Khmer, Viet, Cham, Hmong, Akhan and Karen. Thailand's approximate number of inhabitants in 2007 was 63,038,247. It has a dense populace of 317 persons per sq m. Most of the Thais are ethnical, accounting for about 80% of the total Thai populace.
A large ethnical China minoritiy makes up about 14% of the people. In contrast to the Chineses in many neighbouring South East Asiatic states, the Chineses are well absorbed into their neighborhood. The Malays, Khmer, Mon and Vietnamese are other ethnical nationalities. In northern Thailand, small hill people such as the Hmong, Karen and Mein live with a combined populations of less than 800,000 people.
Thailand is a profoundly religious land where 95% of the people belong to the Theravada branches of Buddhism. People will see Buddhist Stupas inspired by the golden age spread all over the land. Muslims, mostly of Malay descent, make up 4.5% of the people. Most of them are in the southernmost part of the province of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and Songkhla Chumphon.
It also harbours small population of Sikhs, Hindus, Christians (mostly Catholics) and Jews. Throughout Thailand, 514,000 sq km (198,000 sq miles) are located in the centre of Southeast Asia. Thailand's coast extends over 3,219 km along the Gulf of Thailand on the Pacific side and the Andaman Sea on the Indian Ocean side.
In December 2004, the western coastline was ravaged by the south-east Asiaans' tidal wave that struck the Indian Ocean from its epicentre off Indonesia. Thailand's highest point is Doi Inthanon at 2,565 metres (8,415 feet). Its deepest point is the Gulf of Thailand, at the altitude of the ocean. Thailand's meteorological conditions are dominated by the monsoon, with a wet period from June to October and a drought from November.
As a rule, the hills of North Thailand are much colder and slightly dryer than the plains and coast areas. Thailand's "Tiger Economy" was dampened by the 1997-98 Asia economic downturn, when gross domestic product (GDP) grew from +9% in 1996 to -10% in 1998. Thailand has since made a good recovery, with an increase of 4-7%.
Approximately half of the labour force is engaged in farming and Thailand is the world's leading exporting economy for paddyfruit. They also export food products such as prawns, tinned pineapples and tinned tunas. Thailand's money is the Buh. In the Paleolithic Age, perhaps 100,000 years ago, man inhabited the area that is now Thailand.
They began to devise suitable technology when homosapiens went to Southeast Asia: river navigation vessels, complicated fishnet stockings and so on. Its early empires were the ethnical Malaysia, Khmer and Mon. In the around the tenth A. D. ethnical Thais entered, fought against the ruling Khmer kingdom and founded the Sukhothai kingdom (1238-1448) and its rivals, the Ayutthaya kingdom (1351-1767).
In the course of the years the Ayutthaya became more mighty, subdued the Sukhothai and ruled most of the south and centre of Thailand. For their part, the Myanmar people kept the centre of Thailand for only two years before being beaten by the Thai commander General Taksin. Soon Taksin went crazy and was succeeded by Rama I, the father of the Chakri family.
The Khakri emperors of Siam observed colonial Europe in the neighbouring South East and South Asian states during the 19th centuries. The armed services carried out a military coup in 1932, which turned the state into a constitution. The Japanese entered the land nine years later and encouraged the Thais to invade Laos and take it away from the French.
After Japan's failure in 1945, the Thais were compelled to give back the country they had taken.