Thailand areaRegion Thailand
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Thailand's 514,000 sq. km. lies in the heart of Southeast Asia's mainland." It' s strategic location has affected many facets of Thai civilization and civilization - it controlled the only rural road from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore. Because of the fruitful alluvial and monsoonal tropic climates, ideal for the production of thickly packed paddy rices (tham na), colonists were lured to this area in the outskirts and plateaus of the North or the Khorat Plateau in the North-East.
A. D. in the Chao Phraya Valley some loose interconnected paddy farming and trade states blossomed. The Khmer Empire was liberated from them, but they came under the Ayutthaya Empire's gradual rule at the south end of the meadow from the second half of the fortnight.
The consecutive capital cities, erected at various points along the riverbank, became centres of great Thai empires founded on paddy farming and international trading. In contrast to the neighbouring Khmer and Burmese, the Thais still looked outwards across the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea towards international trading harbours. At the end of the 19th century, when Europe's imperialist regime initiated a new era of South Eastern trading, Thailand (then known as Siam) was able to retain its sovereignty as a border strip between Britain-controlled Burma in the western world and France-dominated Indochina in the eastern world, but lost over 50% of its area.
Topographical chart of Thailand. Throughout Thailand, the most striking characteristics of the territory are high peaks, a main plains and a high table. The mountain range covers large parts of North Thailand and extends along the Myanmar frontier through the Kra Isthmus and the Malay Peninsula. Situated in the middle of a lowlands area, it is dewatered by the Chao Phraya Riviera and its affluents, the main system of rivers in the land, which flows into the Bangkok Bay area.
Chao Phraya system is draining about one third of the national area. The Khorat Plateau, a gentle hilly and flat lake area, flows through the Mun River into the Mekong River in the north-east of the state. Mekong system flows into the South China Sea and comprises a number of channels and canyons.
The Chao Phraya and Mekong system together support Thai agriculture by promoting the growing of freshly caught rices and supplying water ways for the transportation of goods and peo-pers. On the other hand, the peninsula Thailand has long coastline, off-shore islets and declining mangroves. Thailand-Users a surface area of 1,600 square meters (0.3954 acres).
Thailand is divided by the National Research Council into six geographic areas drawing on the use of nature's characteristics such as land forms and dewatering and man-made culture pattern. These are: the Northern and Northeastern areas, the Middle and Eastern areas, the Western areas and the Southern areas of Thailand. Though Bangkok is a part of the Bangkok plateau, it can be regarded as the main town and the biggest town in another respect as a distinct area.
Indeed, the variety of areas is the most distinctive feature of Thailand's natural environment. This high mountain range is cut by precipitous valley and plateau adjacent to the mainland. The majority of watercourses, which include Nan, Ping, Wang and Yom, join together in the lowland of the lower northern and higher centre area.
Ping River and Nan River merge to Chao Phraya River. In the 1980s, the forest, which included hardwood and other commercially useful timber that once ruled the northern and parts of the northeastern region, had declined to 130,000km². By 1961 they were covering 56 per cent of Thailand, but by the mid-1980s the forest area had been cut to less than 30 per cent of Thailand's area.
The temperatures in the north of Thailand are cold enough for the growing of fruit such as lychee and strawberry in the north. Northeastern Europe with its impoverished soil is not agrarian. But tacky flourishing brown and white ricefields, the basic foodstuff of the area, and where crops from local creeks, lakes and lakes can be inundated, often two crops per year are possible.
It is mainly composed of the arid Khorat Plateau, which is in some parts very shallow, and some low, but rough and stony mountains, the Phu Phan Mountains. There is a brief period of monsoons and severe floods in the riverbanks. In contrast to the more fruitful areas of Thailand, the north-east has a long drought and much of the country is barren with grass.
The Mekong borders most of the north and east edges of the Mekong. A number of cultivars of traditionally used medical plants, especially those of the genus Curcuma, the Zingiberaceae are native to the area. The" heartland", in the centre of Thailand, is a naturally closed pool, which is often called "the ricecup of Asia".
In the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries, the sophisticated watering system designed for liquid paddy farming in the area provided the necessary financial assistance to help the Thai state to develop from the Sukhothai Kingdom. In 1987, the fruitful area was able to feed a densely populated area of 422 per km2, as opposed to an annual mean of 98 across the state.
Chao Phraya and its affluents and cultured rice paddies dominate the area. Bangkok, the centre of commerce, transportation and industry, is located on the south outskirts of the Gulf of Thailand and covers part of the Chao Phraya River area.
East Thailand is located between the Sankamphaeng Range, which is the northern boundary of the northeast plateaus, and the Gulf of Thailand in the southwest. Thio Khao Banthat is the west end of the Cardamom Mountains and stretches as far as East Thailand. This area is characterized by small mountains alternated with small pools of small streams that flow into the Gulf of Thailand.
Fruits are an important part of farming in the area, and the tourist industry is an important part of the population. It is the coastline of the area that has contributed to promoting economic growth, an important element of the region's population. Thailand's long mountain frontier with Myanmar extends from the northern to the west of Thailand with the Tenasserim Hills, known in Thailand as Thio Khao Tanaosi (????????????????).
Like northern Thailand, the geographical area of the west is characterized by high peaks and precipitous rivers. West Thailand is home to many of Thailand's less disrupted Forests. It is home to many of the country's most important reservoirs and is an important industrial sector in the area. South Thailand, part of a small penninsula, is characterized by climatic conditions, territory and natural-ressources.
Scrolling and hilly areas and the lack of large streams are striking characteristics of the southern part. Northern and southern mountains and impermeable rainforest led to early isolations and separated policy-making. The Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand made the southern part of the country a hub for Theravada Buddhism in Nakhon Si Thammarat as well as for Islam, especially in the former Kingdom of Pattani on the Malaysian-Board.
Thailand's territories are split into 76 political districts plus Bangkok, a separate administration area. Maps of Thailand in the Köppen-class. Off-season floods in Thailand and Cambodia. Thailand, (marked with green dots). Thailand's climatic conditions are affected by seasonally occurring mountain monsoons (southwest and north-east monsoon).
4 ]:2 The southwestern moon, which begins from May to October, is characterised by the flow of hot, humid Indian Ocean wind to Thailand, which causes plenty of rains over large parts of the state. 4 ]:2 The Northeastern Moon delivers cool and arid Chinese fresh breezes over large parts of Thailand from October to February.
4 ]:2 In southeastern Thailand, the north-east moon provides warm and rainy conditions on the area' s eastside. 4 ]:2 Most of Thailand has a "tropical humid and arid or savannah climate" (Köppen's savannah climate). 5 ] The southeast and the southeast tip of the island have a tropic moonshine.
Lowering of Bangkok area due to exhaustion of the groundwater level; drought (see also Indian Ocean earthquakes in 2004 and flooding in Thailand in 2011). It is bordered by Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia and Myanmar. Though neither China nor Vietnam borders Thailand, their lands are within a radius of 100 km.