Thai WikiWiki from Thailand
??), also known as Siam (Thai: ???????), are a southeast Asian and Taiwanese tribe mainly inhabiting central Thailand (Siam). Being part of the major ethnolinguist group Tai, which is based in Southeast Asia, South China and North East India, Thais are speaking the Central Thai language and are considered to be part of the Tai-Kadai linguistic group.
The majority of Thais are Theravada Buddhists. According to Thai culture missions, the Thai nationality relates to the Thai nationality, mainly Thai citizenship, which covers the geographic areas of North Thailand (Lanna), Isan peoples more intimately related to Lao and Thai peoples of Asian descent, etc. also called Thai, and not only to Siamese nationalities.
A number of hypotheses suggest the origins of the Tai tribes - of which the Thais are a sub-group - which include the unification of the Tai tribe with the Kingdom of Nanzhao, which has proved to be inoperative. Philological research  suggests that the Tai tribe originated in the Chinese province of Guangxi, where the Zhuang tribe is still the number one.
They theorize that the old Tai tribe had established the Nanyue Kingdom[after whom? ], which Han chiefs call a "foreign servant" (Chinese: ??), and that it was used as a symbol for a state. The early Thai chieftains were the Sukhothai Empire and Suphan Buri Province. Lavo Realm, which was the centre of the Khmer civilization in the Chao Phraya River Basin, was also the gathering point for the Thais.
Thai were named "Siam" by the Angkorians and appear on the bas-relief in Angkor Wat as part of the Lavo Kingdom military. At times the Thai chieftains in the Chao Phraya River basin were brought under the control of Angkorians (including Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII), but they were largely autonomous.
Ayutthaya, called after the town of Ayodhya in India, was established by Ramathibodi and from 1350 developed into the centre of the expanding Thai state. Influenced by the then Hindu Khmer Kingdom (Cambodia), the Ayutthayan Empire's continuing conquest of Thailand resulted in further Thai colonies, as the Khmer Kingdom became weaker after its Angkor conquest in 1431.
Ayutthayans, even as Thai rule grew at the cost of the Mon and Khmer, Thai Ayutthayans suffered set-backs from the Malays in Malacca and were controlled by Burma's toungoo. Although intermittent battles with the Myanmar and other neighbours lasted, China's hostilities with Burma and EU interventions elsewhere in Southeast Asia enabled Thailand to take an autonomous course by acting with Europeans and competing with the great Powers to stay autonomous.
While the Chakkri under Rama I kept the Burmese in check, Rama II and Rama III contributed to shaping much of Thai culture, but also caused Thai defeats when Europeans migrated to areas around contemporary Thailand and restricted any Thai demands against Cambodia in the conflict with Burma and Vietnam.
Thais learnt from Europe's merchants and embassies while keeping an impartial course. The influence of China, Malaysia and Britain contributed to shaping the Thai population, which often adopted strange concepts but preserved much of its cultural heritage and opposed the colonisation of Europe that devoured its neighbours. It is also the only South East Asian nation that has not been colonised by Western forces in contemporary world.
Most Thais reside in Thailand, although some Thais can also be found in other parts of Southeast Asia. Thais can be divided into different groups with their own local Thai strains. Among these groups are Hawaiian dialect (also the default variant of Thai culture and language), South Thai, Isan (more related to the default Lao Lao dialect than to the default Thai), Lanna Thai and Yawi/Malay talking Thai.
Contemporary Hail an has become more dominating through formal governance, which, despite ethno-linguistic and culturally linked non-standard Thai-speaking peoples and their societies, was aimed at assimilating and unifying the unequal Thai. Tribal art includes kickboxing (Muay Thai), Thai dancing, Thai chess (Makruk) and shadows (Nang Yai).
In addition to Thailand's two million Muslim Malays, there are another two million Thai people who are committed to Islam, especially in the southern region, but also in the greater Bangkok area. There is also a small number of about 500,000 Thais Christians as a consequence of the mission: the Thais: Accessed February 14, 2017. Accessed December 26, 2017.
Released April 6, 2017. 31 December 2016. Released July 14, 2017. Skip to: a d e f g e f g e g y k lm n na gqr " ????????????????????????????????????? 2012 " (PDF). consular.go. th (in Thai). 5 March 2012. "PIAMESE MALAYSIANS: You are part of our society".
Accessed January 10, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2017. Released July 14, 2017. Accessed March 4, 2017. 18 July 2017. Released July 5, 2018. March 3, 2016. Accessed February 21, 2017. Accessed February 14, 2017. Accessed March 4, 2018. Accessed December 26, 2017. Released April 6, 2017. Released July 14, 2017.
December 1, 2015. Released July 14, 2016. Ethnical groups across national borders in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, p. 48. Today the term "Thai" is generally used for people of the Kingdom of Thailand, especially for the "Siamese". Establishment of ethnonyms in Southeast Asia.
A short intro to Thai ethnonymy: Samples from Shan and Northern Thailand. Magazine of the AOAS Vol. 128, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec. 2008), p.646. Highjump ^ Luo, Wei; Hartmann, John; Li, Jinfang; Sysamouth, Vinya (December 2000). Accessed May 28, 2013. "Has Kublai Khan's conquest of the Dali Kingdom given a boost to the mass migration of the Thai people to the South?
Siam Society magazine. Accessed March 17, 2013. After Kublai Khan's invasion of the Dali kingdom, the Thai nation in the northern as well as in the southern part did not emigrate "on a massive scale to the south" in any way. Highjump ^ "Ayodhya-Ayutthaya - SEAArch - The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog".
Released December 12, 2017. Asia for your company: Yeung, Henry Dr. "Economic Globalization, Crisis and the Emergence of Chinese Economic Communities in Southeast Asia" (PDF). Accessed March 14, 2018 from Google Books. Accessed March 14, 2018, from the PDF-file. Craniometry examination of the Thai skull on the basis of three-dimensional computer tomography (CT) data.
Accessed January 25, 2018, from left. Societies and Politics (Cornell University Press, 1981).