Thai Lan MapThailan Lan Map
There are seventy-six counties in Thailand. Thailand has no external areas or dependences. The largest part of Thailand has a tropic Monday meteor with an equal temperate climat on the southerly part. There are three distinct periods each year: the wet period from May to October, when the south-west moon comes; the cold period from October to March, during the north-east moon; and the hottest period from March to May.
Northeastern Thailand is in the shady drizzle of Indochina's hills and is very susceptible to drought and lack of fresh running out. Sometimes Typhoons hit the southern hemisphere. Thailand is also threatened by changes in precipitation pattern and the potential for larger floods along its coasts as a result of the effects of overheating. Situated on the Eurasian Tectonic Platten in the centre of Southeast Asia.
Mountainous regions of China and Thailand stretch to a fruitful plateau made up of the Chao Phraya River. The very small Malay Peninsula stretches from Northeast to Southeast, partly together with Myanmar and Malaysia. Thailand's southwest coast encounters the Andaman Sea of the Indian Ocean in the northwest.
Both the southern Mediterranean coastline and the east coastline of the Malay Peninsula are bordered by the Gulf of Thailand (formerly the Gulf of Siam) of the Pacific Ocean. In the Gulf of Thailand, off-shore depth ranges from 30 to 80 metres (98 to 262 feet). Thailand has 2,130 sq km (822 sq miles) of reef.
The Strait of Malacca, which connects the Andaman Sea with the South China Sea, is located between the Malay Peninsula and the Isle of Sumatra in Indonesia. The Phangnga Bay is located on the west shore of the Malay Peninsula, near Phuket Isle. Mae Klong Bay is located on the Gulf of Thailand and reaches its climax at the Chao Phraya River estuary near Bangkok.
Phokoket, 543 sq km (210 sq miles), in the Andaman Sea; Koh Samui, 240 sq km (93 sq miles), in the Gulf of Thailand off the Malaysian peninsula; and Koh Chang, 219 sq km (85 sq miles), in the Gulf of Thailand off the south-east coastline. Further isles in the Gulf of Thailand are Koh Samet, a Nationalpark off the south-east coastline, and Koh Tao and Koh Phangan, both near the promontory.
Only 24 kilometres (15 miles) across, the Kra Istra links the north-central part of Thailand with its southerly part. Suggestions were made to dig a tunnel through it or build a motorway over the narrow strait to use it as a transportation tunnel between the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, which would connect the Pacific and Indo-Pacific Oceans.
Thailand's Andaman Sea shore, on the west side of the mainland, stretches from the southern Myanmar frontier to the Malaysia frontier, with many small islets close by. Thailand's Gulf of Thailand stretches east to the eastern and southwestern borders of Cambodia and Mae Klong Bay to the Malaysiai. The Thale Sap Songkla (1,040 sq km ) is Thailand's biggest fresh waters.
It' a lagoons sea on the south of the penninsula, with a small bay of the Gulf of Thailand. The Bung Nong Han is a 32 square kilometre fresh water sea in the north-east of Thailand. There are also several giant artificial lakes in Thailand. Most of the Mekong Riviera runs along the Thai Laos frontier. With a length of about 4,350 kilometres, it is the longest in Southeast Asia.
This drains the east and a part of the north of Thailand. Mun is the biggest in the north-east, 644 kilometres (400 miles). Mun and its Chi flow into the Mekong. Canyons and waterfalls in Laos and Cambodia are preventing the trip over the Mekong from Thailand to the South China Sea.
Chao Phraya, 230 kilometres (143 miles), and its affluents are expected to dewater a third of the country. Chao Phraya and the Mekong River are the major arms of a net of streams and artificial channels that assist in the growing of liquid rices and offer vital transportation routes. There' re no deserts in Thailand.
Bangkok, the country's hub of commerce, transport and industry, is located on the south side of the lowlands at the tip of the Gulf of Thailand. Bush grasslands are widespread in the north-east. Forests in Thailand are mangroves, monsoons, evergreens, montan and conifers.
The Khao Yai National Park, about 200 kilometres northern of Bangkok, has unspoilt grassland, which is an important home for tigers, elephants and deers. Thailand has several wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The Don Hai Lot, in the Mae Klong Bay in the southern part, encompasses a scarce Wadden Sea area.
Thailand's mountainous areas are the landscape around the northerly town of Chiang Mai, the precious stone quarrying area in the south-east near Cambodia and the scenic calcareous rocks along the southerly promontory and on the isles. Mountains occupy most of the north of Thailand and rises along the west boundary with Myanmar to create the spinal column of the Malay Desert Sea and the Malaysian North.
It is a high plateau with cliffy rivers and plateaus bordering the mainland. Thailand's borders are formed by the Tanen and Doi Luang range, which are the spurs of the Himalayas. Chaem is a small, rugged Ob Luang Gorge in the northeast.
North-East Thailand is mainly made up of the arid Khorat plains, which have many environmental issues, especially impoverished soils. Situated between 60 and 210 metres above the surface, this high plain is a gentle swaying area with low hilly areas and flat ponds that are almost completely dewatered by the Mekong River via the Mun River.
On the western and southern sides, the plain is surrounded by hills, and the Mekong River tracks down a large part of the east edge. Twenty-eight large embankments have been built for watering, supplying household and industry waters and generating electricity. Zrinakarin (419 sq/ 300 sq miles), near the Bilauktaung Hills; Khao Laem (388 sq/ 150 sq miles); Bhumiphol (300 sq/116 sq miles); Sirikit (260 sq/100 sq miles), on the Nan River in the north; and Rajjaprabha (165 sq/64 sq miles).