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sspan class="mw-headline" id="Géographie">Géographie
The Terre Haute ( TERR-? HOHT) is a town in and the district headquarters of Vigo Country, Indiana, USA, near the Illinois state's westbound state. At the time of the 2010 Federal Cross-Country Economic Survey, the town had a combined 60,785 inhabitants and 170,943 inhabitants in its area. Terre Haute lies on the Wabash River and is the "capital" of the Wabash Valley.
There are several universities in the town, among them Indiana State University, Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana. Situated on the east shore of the Wabash River in Indiana's Western region. Situated about 121 kilometers from Indianapolis.
Wabash River dominating the town' s geographical features and westbound. Little cliffs on the eastern side of the town marks the boundary of the historical flooding area. To the north and south of the town, respectively, water is drained by means of lots Creek and Honey Creek. At the end of the nineteenth centuries (especially during the Terre Haute Olive Craze of 1889) several sources of oils and minerals were mined in and near the town centre.
The Pioneer Olive Oil of Lawrenceville, IL, began to drill for olive groves on the roads tenth and chestnut on the Indiana State University grounds at the end of December 2013. This was the first olive grove to be bored in Terre Haute city centre since 1903. At the crossroads of two main thoroughfares, Terre Haute is located: (The US 41 today bears the local name "3rd Street", but from a historical point of view it was "7th Street", which makes "7th and Wabash" the crossroads of America).
Situated 124 km west of Indianapolis and 298 km from Chicago, St. Louis, Louisville and Cincinnati. The Wea Indians' villages already stood near the forts, and the fruit gardens and grasslands they held a few leagues southern of the forts became the site of today's town.
Terre Haute's currently attached Order of the Arrow of the Boy Scouts of America by Order of the Arrow Camp is named after the last Wea Valley guide, Jacco Godfroy. Terre Haute was founded in 1816 and was then part of Knox Country, Indiana. In 1818 Terre Haute became the district capital of the Vigo district, which led to an increase in people.
In 1832 the 1,000 inhabitants of the hamlet approved the foundation, followed by the nomination of the town in 1853. The Early Terre Haute was a centre of agriculture, mill and pig-making. However, the town' s commercial and industry growth before 1860 was largely due to traffic. Wabash River, the construction of the National Road (now US 40) and the Wabash and Erie Canals connected Terre Haute to the rest of the globe and expanded the city's sphere of activity.
Growing steadily and developing in the second half of the nineteenth century, the pulsating quarters of the town profited from enhanced fire safety, the establishment of two clinics, tens of cathedrals and a range of entertainment facilities. Therre Haute's status as an centre of learning was strengthened by the establishment of several universities.
It has made a name for itself for its art and leisure activities. In the 1890s, the tram and later the electrically operated trolley were introduced, allowing the inhabitants to easily play basketball, go on a picnic, take a trip on the rivers, go to an adventure park or even race. Terre Haute, like all US societies, has seen fluctuations in the economy as the country's economy has grown.
Prior to the global economic crisis that halted the US economies, external factors such as the ban and contraction of the country's railways had a detrimental effect on two of Terre Haute's most important industry sectors - distilleries/breweries and railway repairs. In 1940, however, it was chosen for a new United States prison on 456 hectares of land just to the south of the town.
During the Second Word war the district experienced an economical boom with the developement of three explosive ordnance factories and the revitalisation of the mining, railway and agricultural industry. Though Terre Haute continued to be reliant on commodities such as Quaker Maid, the world's biggest single source grocery store, it was still a major player in the global market. It was an excited player in the efforts of warmongering with reductions in troops, victorious orchards, the sale of bonds, civilian defence exercises, marches and cults.
In 1943 the 100th branch of United Service Organizations (USO) was opened in Terre Haute. Terre Haute received several new plants after the war: But the face of Terre Haute's inner city began to alter in the early 1960', when Interstate 70 was constructed, which passed through Vigo County about five leagues southern of the U.S. 40 Trail (Wabash Ave. ere at the time).
Once congestion began to focus at hub 41 in the USA, many companies moved from the city centre to the Honey Creek Mall, constructed in 1968. Terre Haute Committee for Area Progress created Fort Harrison l'Industrial Park in the seventies. In the mid-80s, Growing Terre Haute called for the creation of new shops, plants and high-tech industry estates to help stabilise the local economies and improve the quality of social services.
Terre Haute, like other production centres in the Midwest, was facing enormous difficulties as it approached the end of the twentieth centuries. Production is still an important part of it, thanks to the creation of Vigo Industrial Park over 20 years ago. Terre Haute Economic Development Corporation's endeavors, in collaboration with the municipal and district authorities, have resulted in the industrial park being home to some of the world's top corporations - Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN's) Rolling Mill, Staples Corporation's Midwest Distribution Center, Advics Automotives Brake System Manufacturing plant and ThyssenKrupp Presta's Automotives Lenksysteme Manufacturing Plant and CertainTeed's Fibre Reinforced Plastic Panels Manufactured in the Industrial Park.
Revitalisation of the inner cities is due to the erection of First Financial Bank's new main premises in the latter 1980' and the establishment of the city's first TIF (Tax Increase Financing) department, which financed the inner city's first car park infrastructure. Throughout the years, other projects followed, among them the erection of several new offices and a second inner-city car park.
As a result of the effort of non-profit groups such as downtown Terre Haute and the extension of Indiana State University's campus, many changes have revitalized inner city urbanism. At Crossroads of America, near Seventh & Wabash, several new boutiques and hotel complexes have been opened, and almost every week-end in the summers, open -air activities and festival activities draw attention, while the Seventh Street Arts Corridor and Terre Haute Children's Museum, finished in 2010, add to the attractiveness of the city centre.
For several years, it was these trends that inspire inner-city landowners to refurbish and refurbish their properties, such as Hulman & Company and many single proprietors. The 1930s federal building that housed the Scott College of Business of Indiana State Unversity in 2010 and the redevelopment of a new site for the Indiana State Unversity Foundation and the Unversity bookshop in 2011 reinforced the relationship between the two.
By 2015, Indiana State University was working with developer partners to construct a students' residence complex in the center of downtown, followed by more in the city. Herzog Bennett, Republican, began his third tenure as Lord Major of Terre Haute in January 2016. There are six members in the City Council, each of whom represents a particular Rotary club and three members in total.
The Terre Haute is the site of the Federal Correctional Complex, situated on the 63 Motorway, two kilometers southern of the town. On 11 June 2001, Timothy James McVeigh, sentenced for the use of a weapons of mass extermination in the bombing of Oklahoma Town, was killed there by deadly injections.
At the time of the 2010 census 60,785 inhabitants, 22,645 homes and 12,646 family members were living in the town. Vigo County was home to 107,878 humans. There were 83 of them in the town. Middle-aged in town was 32 years old. There were 51 sexes in the town.
At the time of the 2000 census 59,614 persons, 22,870 homes and 13,025 homes were living in the town. There were 86 races in the town. Average incomes for a budget in the town were $28,018, and average incomes for a single member of the community were $37,618. Per capita incomes in the town were $15,728.
The Terre Haute is managed by the Vigo County School Corporation. In Terre Haute there are also several universities. The Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology is a privately owned institute of technology in the eastern part of the town. The Ivy Tech Fellowship college, a full-fledged fellowship colleges and Harrison colleges are also in town.
There are two aerodromes to Terre Haute. Terre Haute Regional Airfield is the home of Hulman Field (HUF). It has a strategic alliance with several army forces, among them the 181st Secret Service Wing of the Indiana Air National Guard. The Terre Haute International Aviation Complex also hosts a flying school through Indiana State University.
Sky King Airport is located 3.2 km from Terre Haute and is mainly used as a trainings and leisure airport. lnterstate 70 to St. Louis (west) and Indianapolis (east). The Terre Haute is operated from several outputs. Junction 11 links State Road 46 and Junction 7 links U.S. 41 on the southwestern side of the town.
Junction 3 connects West Terre Haute, Indiana, via Darwin Road, which provides convenient US 150 road entry to Terre Haute City. National Drive junction 1 is signposted for both Terre Haute and West Terre Haute, but can only be reached from the eastward I-70 run. U.S. 40 to Effingham (west) and Indianapolis (east).
The US 40 drove through Terre Haute on Wabash Ave. but in January 2011 INDOT gave the street to the downtown and payed the town to take Wabash Ave. This is the most important north-south connection on the western side of Terre Haute. The US 150 comes from neighbouring Terre Haute, Indiana, in Terre Haute Western Terre.
The SR 46 begins at its junction with the US 40 due West of Rose-Hulman. The SR 63 flows into Terre Haute on the northern side of the town, which crosses the Wabash River. A few Terre Haute Parks Department features are: It is part of a 240 hectare area (0.97 km2) that includes the Wabash Valley Family Sports Center just off Terre Haute.
The Cross Country Indiana State University cross-country teams use the Gibson Course for their home meetings. Terre Haute Rex is Terre Haute's college summers ball sports club, established in 2010. Rex Coffee is the name of a historical local coffee roast and packaged in Terre Haute inner city by Clabber Girl Corporation and has been a Midwest brand for many years.
For 53 years Terre Haute was a member of various football divisions, mainly the Triple League and the Central League, during which she won 7 championships. Turman Art Gallery at Indiana State Unversity shows changing exhibits of students' and lecturers' work. As part of the Andy Warhol Photographic Legacy Program, the campus received nearly 150 Andy Warhol photos and printed materials in 2007.
It is home to several non-profit art organizations, such as Wabash Valley Art Spaces and Art Illiana. The Terre Haute Community Theater presented its first performances in 1928. The Community Theater is a voluntary theater that produces five different play and music production each year.
The Terre Haute also has the Crossroads Repertory Theatre, a theatre group of professionals with over 40 years of experience. Indiana State University also hosts a Performing arts Series on the campus to give its alumni and the fellowship the chance to experience art and great entertainments at an accessible cost.
On location, The blues at the crossroads festivals bring more than 15,000 blue band enthusiasts to the town on the second week-end in September each year. The Phi Mu Alpha Chapters at Indiana State University organize a nationwide high schools annual jazzfestival. The Terre Haute is also the cradle of the Scatman Crothers artist and comedian.
Terre Haute Symphony is the oldest symphony ensemble in the state of Indiana, four years ahead of the Indianapolis Symphony and the oldest of its kind. Terre Haute Symphony began as a voluntary group of entertaining performers and has grown into a group of high quality, paying professionals who audition to show off their skills.
From September to April a range of shows as well as a free children's concert for around 3,000 fourth-graders from the Wabaschtal will be on offer. The Terre Haute is also home to several other musical organisations such as the Terre Haute Community Band, Terre Haute Sinfonietta Pops Orchestra, Terre Haute Children's Choir, Terre Haute Masterworks Chorale, Bank of the Wabash Chorus, which perform at the Harmony Hall, the Sweet Harmony Women's Barbershop Chorus and the Wabash Valley Musicians Hall of Fame.
Located at the crossroads of Washington Avenue and South Sixth Street, the Vigo County Historical Society Museum houses a fine artifact library housed in a 150-year-old former mansion. Located in the centre of Terre Haute, the four-storey Terre Haute House was built in 1895 in a 40,000 sq. ft edifice. The move will establish a triangular area of inner-city heritage with the Terre Haute Children's and Clabber Girl collections nearby.
This three-storey children's centre is located at the crossroads of Wabash Avenue and Eighth Street in Terre Haute city centre. This is a practical scientific and technological heritage site that has trained over 230,000 adult and child learners from over 22 districts in Indiana and Illinois. There are touring exhibitions that focus on meteorology and outer spaces and teach the kids of the Wabash Valley School.
Clabber Girl Museum is situated on Wabash and Ninth Street in the centre of Terre Haute. Indiana Association of Track & Field and Cross Country Museum is a new extension of Terre Haute Convention & Visitors Bureau. During 113 years of sport in Indiana, the IATCCC has welcomed 482 members to its Hall of Fame, and its new facilities house its mementos and celebrate its achievements.
In 2013, a community-wide event organised by Art Spaces, Inc. - Wabash Valley Outdoor Sculpture Collection, Arts Illiana, and Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Permanent Art Collections offered art, culture, environment, and education sessions focusing on the Wabash and how it affects our lifes. Since it is this stream that has led to the first settlement in the area, many organisations have come together to recover, improve and conserve this precious source of nature.
For more information, please visit the Year of the River 2013 website. The Terre Haute has three town twinnings: The Mayor' s Office - Terre Haute Town, IN. Terrehaute.in.gov. Terre Haute Town. Terrehaute.in.gov. Find a Shire. The Derrick Arrives on Campus", Terre Haute Tribune Star, 16 December 2013.
Terre Haute, Indiana Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase). Klimatology of the United States No. 20: TERRE HAUTE IN STATE, IN 1971-2000" (PDF). Weather averages for Terre Haute, USA, month and year. Footprints of the story of Indiana and the Midwest. Indiaapolis: Indiana Historical Society. Indiana: Footprints of the story of Indiana and the Midwest.
Indiaapolis: Indiana Historical Society. Klangmänner bei Terre Haute. "The Scott College of Business is dedicated to ISU," Terre Haute Tribune Star, October 5, 2010. "The Barnes & Noble opens a shop in downtown," Terre Haute Tribune-Star, April 12, 2011. "The new ISU Studentenwohnanlage in the city centre is already fully let", Terre Haute Tribune-Star, 30 June 2015. "In 2010 Terre Haute was appointed Indiana Chamber 'Community of the Year'", Terre Haute Tribune-Star, September 1, 2010.
"Terre Haute has a $3 million price in mind as a quarter-finalist in the domestic competition," Terre Haute Tribune-Star, 18 August 2015. "The FCC Terre Haute." "The Princeton Review again assesses the state of Indiana as one of the best in the Midwest." The Indiana State University. Indiana publicslide library directory (PDF). The Indiana State Library. The Indiana State University. Terre Haute Département du Réaménagement ^::: : Cherry Street Transit Facility".
Terre Haute Transit Utility. Terre Haute Government. 2012 Indiana Public Transit Annual Report, Department of Transportation, août 2013. "There are many Earth Day events, since Terre Haute is again called Tree City." Terre Haute Parks Department. Terre Haute Government. Terre Haute Government.
Terre Haute Government. Terre Haute Government. "In 2010, Terre Haute was appointed Indiana Chamber'Community of the Year." "Art Corridor adds a touch of art to Terre Haute." Inana statesman. The first Friday in "Terre Haute". Indiana Theatre in Terre Haute, IN - Cinema Treasures. cinematreasures.org. Indiana Theatre Event Center. indianatheater.com.
"1947-1991 A Story of the Terre Haute Community Theatre." The Wabash Valley Musicians Hall of Fame. Indiana State Song. Indiaapolis: Indiana Historical Society. indianaapolis : ministère des Ressources naturelles de l'Indiana. Dianne Frances D. Powell, "Sculpture for Indiana state track song dedicated by Wabash River", Terre Haute Tribune Star, 15 Oktober 2014.
< < ;Sister Cities International - Indiana State Chapters. >. Tribune Star, Lisa TriggThe. "The former magistrate of Terre Haute rejects a request to end the programme of the twin cities with the Russians". tribstar.com. The First Financial Bank on the website of Indiana State University. Haute Terre: The Queen of the Wabash. Charles T. Hinde, one of the quiet sponsors of the Hotel del Coronado and how the Hotel del Coronado has affected the Grand Rapids Hotel in Wabash County, Illinois, describes "A Historical of the Hotel at the Grand Rapids Dam on the Wabash River".