In the fifties, when the Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser disassembled and oppressed Egypt's biggest organisation of society, few could have believed that the Muslim Brotherhood would not only reappear, but would one of these days fight for the country's president in the first elections to democracy. There is no lack of analysis of the recent policy achievements and failings of the Muslim Brotherhood, no trial has examined the triumphal comeback of the organisation from the garbage can of all time.
The response to the call investigates the means by which the Muslim Brotherhood was restored during the Chairmanship of Anwar al-Sadat. By analysing the structured, ideological as well as societal development in this phase of the Muslim movement's development, a more precise image of the so-called "Islamic revival" emerges, which depicts the revival of an old concept in a new environment.
Much of the Muslim Brotherhood's achievement in the reconstruction of its organisation was based on its capacity to draw a new breed of Muslim militants who had come to turn Egypt's higher education institutions and institutions into a platform for political and cultural confrontation with the state. Headed by groups like al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyyah (The Muslim Society), the students' movements showed a lively and lively activist civilization that found inspirations in a variety of literary and organisational resources, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was just one.
However, in the late 70s, inner divides over ideas and strategies lead to the emergence of fractionalism within the students' group. Most of the students' leadership decided to broaden the scale of their militant missions, by becoming a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, youthing the fighting organisation and ushering in a new stage in their histories.
The answer to the call is an inventive survey of the story of this lively and lively era of contemporary Egypt's past, providing the reader with a new insight into one of Egypt's most important epochs.