Tavoy, city, south Myanmar (Burma). Situated at the tip of the Tavoy river mouth on the Andaman Sea. The Tavoy is a web center and operates coastline trading with North Burma and the Malay Peninsula. Situated between the Andaman Sea and lower Thailand, the area is dewatered by the Tenasserim and Tavoy Creeks.
The Bilauktaung Range in the eastern part forms a 1,600 metre long border between Myanmar and Thailand. Though a main street runs parallel to the Tenasserim coastline, the area can mainly be reached by boat. Tavoy River and its many affluents enable fast communications.
The Tavoy (Myanmar)
Known as Myeik-Dawei, there are more than 1 200 000 Tavoyers, most of them in Myanmar, but some also living in Thailand and India. They' re a tribe of Burmese, Karen, Thai and Malay nationalities. Though related to the Burmese minority in the Irrawaddy Delta, the Tavoyans consider themselves a distinct country, but they are not recognised by Myanmar's army governmen.
Officially, the Tavoyers are regarded as a part of the dominating Burmese people. Tavoy insists it's its own tongue. The Tavoy area was an independent unit under changing Burmese or Thai influences in the remote past. The Burmese kingdom maintained its sovereignty in the XVI century with the help of Portugal, but the Thais soon recaptured it and lost it to Burma again in 1767.
From 1862 to 1923, Tavoy was part of the Tenasserim provinces under the control of the United Kingdom and became an independent provincial entity in B/I. The city of Tavoy was founded in 1923. It was moved to Burma in 1923, even within the United Kingdom. During 1937, Burma's UK administration was split from Britain's India and Tavoy, despite requests and calls for its own state.
The Tavoyers stayed loyally against the Japanese during World War II, while most Burmese worked with them. With regard to Burma's independency, the Tavoyers' calls for self-government were ignored and the Burmese Communist Party-backed military action was launched. With the help of Karen and Mon-Rebel, the revolts succeeded in controlling some areas of Tavoy near the Thai frontier.
In his Encyclopedia of Stateless Nations - Ethnic and Ethnic Groups Around the World - James B. Minahan described and presented the Tavoy banner in-vol: "Volume IV: "Tavoy' s flags, the Myeik-Dawei United Front (MDUF) flags, are the light navy fields with a light yellow coloured cantons on the top elevator, which is decorated with three golden five-pointed stars."