Uzbek: Toshkent, ?????

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sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History[edit]

Toshkent, ???????, ???????,[t???kent]; Russian: ???????, [t???k??nt]) is the capitol and biggest town in Uzbekistan and the most populous town in former Soviet Central Asia (although the major cities of Urumqi in China and Kabul in Afghanistan are far within the geographical area of Central Asia) with a total of 2,309,300 inhabitants in 2012.

It lies in the northeast of the peninsula near the Kazakh frontier. In its early past, before Islam in the eighth millennium AD, Tashkent was affected by the Sogdian and Turkish culture. Destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1219, the village was reconstructed and benefited from the Silk Road.

It became an autonomous city-state from the eighteenth to the nineteenth centuries before being reconquered by the Khanates of Kokand. The Russian Empire acquired it in 1865 and it became the capitol of Russian Turkestan. Tashkent experienced great economic expansion and population change during the period of the Soviets, due to compulsory deportation from the entire USSR.

Throughout its long existence, Tashkent has undergone various changes of name, as well as various forms of politics and religion. Xuánzàng ?? (602/603? - 664 A.D.), a Buddhist friar who traveled from China to India through Central Asia, gave the name of the town Zh?shí ?? Suí www. suí www. suí book of suí, B?i www. suí www. book of suí, B?i www. suí www. history of Northern Dynasties, B?i www. histories of Northern Dynasties, and táng www.táng www.history of Northern Dynasties, B?i www. book of táng, ? www. shí ww.táng or Zh?shí ?? with a capitol Suí www. suí www. suí book of suí, B?i www. suí www. book of suí, B?i www. suí www. logistic www. táng. book of táng. www.táng. www.táng. wwwww.táng www.

During the Samanid period (819-999), when Saman Khuda was a converted to Islam Iranian Zoroaster, the Saman idol, Saman Khuda, became known as Binkath. Whether it's rock, sand, rock, sand, kent, cath, cat, mud - everyone who means a place is inspired by the Persian/Sogdian word for place, www. persian. kanda, what means a place or a place? You can find them in cities like Samarkand, Yarkand, Panjakent, Khujand etc.).

Towards the end of the sixteenth millennium, the name Chachkand/Chashkand developed into Tashkand. Tashkent's contemporary style mirrors Russia's grammar and the impact of the Soviets in the twentieth and twentieth centuries. In 1219 the Khan Genghis Khan devastated the town, which suffered the loss of a large part of its inhabitants due to the devastation of the Khwarezmid Empire by the Mongols in 1220.

During the Timurids and the following Shaybanid period, the town' s inhabitants and cultures slowly grew to become an important strategical centre for science, business and industry along the Silk Road. Tashkent was affiliated to the Kokand Kant in 1809. Tashkent had about 100,000 inhabitants at that point and was regarded as the wealthiest town in Central Asia.

Tashkent's priest also preferred Bukhara's priest to Kokand's. But before the Emir of Bukhara could profit from this dissatisfaction, the Russians arrives. Mikhail Grigorevich Cherniaev (Cherniaev), who acted against the Czar' s orders and was defeated by at least 15:1, carried out a bold overnight assault on a town with a 25 kilometre long Berlin walls with 11 goals and 30,000 defense men in May 1865.

As a small contingency stage-managed a defensive offensive, the major power permeated the ramparts, headed by a Orthodox Russo-Russian priest carrying only a cross. Despite the stiffness of the defence, the Russians conquered the town after two intense battle nights and the death of only 25 against several thousand defence men (including Alimqul, the Kokand Khanate ruler).

Chernayev called the "Lion of Tashkent" by the municipal administrators, orchestrated a " heart and mind " camp to attract the populace. After abolishing tax for a year, riding around the roads and basares without weapons to meet the ordinary folk, he made himself the "military governor of Tashkent" by advising Tsar Alexander II to make the capital an autonomous Khanat under Russia's shelter.

Tashkent, far from preserving its sovereignty, became the capitol of the new territories of Russia's Turkistan, with Kaufman as its first governor general. The Ankhor Canal was used to build a cantonal and Roman colony from the old town to which Russians settled and traders flocked. Kashkent was a centre of spying in the competition between Russia and the United Kingdom for Central Asia.

Transcaspian Railways came in 1889, and the railwaymen who were building them also set up in Tashkent, carrying with them the seed of the Bolshevik Revolution. Tashkent became the capitol of the Turkish Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkestan ASSR) in April 1918. Tashkent in 1930 dropped within the boundaries of the Uzbek SSR and became the Uzbek SSR capitol, ousting Samarkand.

Industrialization of the town began in the twenties and thirties. Nazi Germany entered the USSR in June 1941 in violation of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In order to maintain USSR industry capacities, the administration worked on relocating plants from West Russia and Ukraine to Tashkent. In addition, she was evacuating most of the Germans who had emigrated to Tashkent.

Evacuations from the areas of conflict raised the overall Tashkent populace to well over one million. The Russians and Ukrainians made up more than half of the Tashkent people. Many of the former Tashkent fugitives remained in Tashkent to stay after the conflict and not to go back to former houses.

In the post-war years, the Soviet Union set up a number of technical and academic institutions in Tashkent. In Tashkent on 10 January 1966, the then Prime Minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan concluded a treaty with Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin as facilitator. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Tashkent was the USSR's 4th biggest town and a centre for natural sciences and technology education.

Because of the 1966 quake and reconstruction of the Soviets, little of the old Tashkent story has been preserved. The town has experienced economic, cultural and architectonic changes since 1991. Recent developments have displaced or substituted iconic images of the Soviets. Lenin's biggest ever built sculpture was substituted by a sphere with a geographical chart of Uzbekistan.

Sowjet period edifices were substituted by new contemporary ones. Downtown Tashkent" comprises the 22-story NBU bank premises, an intercontinental hotel, the International Business Center and the Plaza building. Tashkent Business Park is a specialized business park created for the purpose of developing small, middle-sized and large enterprises in Uzbekistan.

Boris Grabovsky and his staff held the first fully electric TV demonstrations for the general audience and the Tashkent Commission in the Tashkent region in the late 1928s. Boris Golender (????? ???????? in Russian), history and ethnography expert, described this conference in a videotape. Grabovsky's contributions to the early TV evolution were formally recognized by the Uzbek authorities in 1964 and he received the renowned title of Honourable Inventor of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.

Situated at the junction of the Chirchiq River and several of its affluents, Tashkent is constructed on up to 15 meters of silt. Situated in an attractive region of tectonics, the town has been hit by numerous shocks and a number of quakes. Tashkent hour is UTC/GMT +5hrs.

In 2008 [update], the Tashkent population was as follows: The Tashkent region is currently subdivided into the following counties (Uzbek: Tuman): It had four counties (Uzbek Daha) at the times of the tsarist takeover: By 1940 it had the following counties (Russian ?????): Because of the devastation of most of the antique town during the 1917 revolutionary and later the 1966 seismic events, only a few remnants of Tashkent's historical architecture have survived.

But Tashkent is full of Moscow sights and sights. Situated in Chorsu Baazaar, near the Kukeldash Madrasah. It is the centre of the old city of Tashkent. Grand Duke Nikolai Konstantinovich, the first of Alexander III's cousins, was exiled from Russia in the nineteenth to Tashkent for some questionable business with them.

To this day, his mansion still stands in the center of the town. Here you can find russion chamber music, dancing and music. Uzbek art school. More interesting is the large selection of works "borrowed" by Grand Duke Romanov from the Hermitage to adorn his exiled Tashkent residence, which never came back. Beyond the Imperial Battlefield there is a small garden with the abandoned tombs of the Bolsheviks who perished in the 1917 Revolution and the treason of Osipov in 1919,[30] together with the first Uzbek president Yuldosh Akhunbabayev.

Uzbekistan State History Musuem is the biggest musuem in the town. Outside there is a sculpture of Timur on a horse, with some of the most beautiful garden and fountain in town. Constructed in 1898, the Orthodox Russia Orthodox Chapel on Amir-Temur Square was torn down in 2009. Because of the anti-religious campaigns of the Bolshevik (communist) regime in Moscow, the former Soviet Union was prohibited from using the premises for religion throughout the country from the early twenties onwards.

It was used for various non-religious activities during the time of the Soviets; after gaining sovereignty it was a banking establishment. Tashkent is home to the most important Uzbek academic establishments, such as the Uzbek Academy of Sciences. In addition, there are a number of transmission platforms in Tashkent that are unparalleled in Central Asia.

The Tashkent International Airport is the biggest in the Tashkent region and connects the capital with Asia, Europe and the Americas. Tashkent has several commercial centres suitable for both amusement and retail. The Kontinent Mall is situated next to the Grand Mir Hotel. Soccer is the most favorite game in Tashkent, with FC Pakhtakor Tashkent and FC Bunyodkor being the best known teams, both playing in the Uzbek league.

The footballers Maksim Shatskikh, Peter Odemwingie and Vassilis Hatzipanagis were borne in the town. The cyclist Djamolidine Abdoujaparov was borne in the town, while the courtesan Denis Istomin grew up there. Tashkent's Akgul Amanmuradova and Iroda Tulyaganova are remarkable heroes. Alina Kabaeva and Alexander Shatilov, the Olympic gymnast from Israel, were also bred in the town.

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