sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
Tararagona (English: Tarqon; Latin: Tarraco) is a seaport in the Spanish Norte East on the Costa Daurada on the Mediterranean Sea. Established before the fifth millennium BC, it is the main town of the province of Tarragona and part of Tarragonès and Catalonia. It borders the province of Barcelona and the province of Lleida to the south.
There are 201,199 inhabitants in the town ( 2014). A Catalan myth says that it was called after Tarraho, the oldest of Tubal's sons, around 2407 B.C.; another (derived from Strabo and Megasthenes) traces its name back to "Tearcon the Ethiopian", a king from the seventh centuries B.C. who fought in Spain. 3 ] The actual date of foundation of Tarragona is not known.
It was conquered first by the vandals and then by the Visigoths after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. In 714, the reign of the Visigoth kingdom of Tarracona was ended by the Umayyad invasion of Hispania. Between 750 and 1013 it was an important frontier town of the Caliphate of Córdoba.
Following the unification of the dynasties of Aragon and the Crown of Castile, it stayed part of Aragon until the creation of the Kingdom of Spain in 1516. Tarragon was conquered during the Catalan rebellion in 1641 with the help of France by Catalan rebels, but reconquered by Spain in 1644. Conquered by allies of Portugal, the Netherlands and Britain during the War of Succession in Spain in 1705, it stayed in their possession until the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.
Louis-Gabriel Suchet's army of Aragon of the First Empire of France besieged a Spaniard military unit during the Peninsula War, the first besiege of Tarragona from 5 May to 29 June 1811, under the leadership of Lieutenant General Juan Senen de Contreras. Under the command of Admiral Edward Codrington, a Navy group from Britain molested the enemy with gunfire and carried a large number of reinforcement units by ship to the town.
Nevertheless, Suchet's forces rushed into defense and almost completely destroyed or conquered all defense men. This became a sub-premium centre in the Bouches-de-l'Èbre département of the kingdom of France. During the second besiege of Tarragona (June 3-11, 1813), an impressive Anglo-Spanish troop under the leadership of Lieutenant General John Murray, Baronet did not succeed in snatching Tarragona from a small Franco-Italian military unit headed by Brigadier General Antoine Marc Augustin Bertoletti.
On August 19, the Anglo-Spanish army conquered Tarragona. Tarragona was in the possession of the Second Republic of Spain during the Civil War, until it was taken prisoner by Franco's Nazi armies during the Catalan offensive on 15 January 1939. Tarraco's ancient remains have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
It is said that the aforementioned edifice, a 19 th centuries jail, was the Augustus residence. Tarragona Amphitheatre, built in the second half of the 20th centuries near the sea shore, was largely used as a stone pit after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, of which only a few remains have survived. In the town there is also the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona.
Tarragona Cathedral from the 12th and 13th hundreds, which combines Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Reconstructed in the nineteenth and eighteenth century. The Poblet Monastery, 50 km from the town, was established in 1151 by Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, and was used for the burials of the monarchs.
In Tarragona there is a large harbour and the University of Rovira i Virgili. A large part of the business activities is accounted for by a large number of chemicals companies in the southern part of the town. There are a number of beautiful sandy areas, some of which have been decorated with the Blue Flag, along the Mediterranean coastline near the town. The town of Tarragona is close to Salou and the PortAventura theme centre, one of the biggest in Europe.
Is the second largest town in the Tarragona region (101,767 residents in 2006), known for its economic activities and as the birthplace of Antoni Gaudí architectural master. In Tarragona there are a number of small pubs, taverns and cafés with tasty snacks and snacks, as well as shellfish and Catalan specialities such as "pa amb Tomàquet" or "neules i Torrons".
Tarragona's weather can be described as the Mediterranean weather (Köppen Csa), which borders on a wet sub-tropical weather (Cfa), since August has more precipitation than the winters, which reach almost or less than 30 mm (1. 2 in). International Dixieland Festival Tarragona. Sarraco Viva. 2018 Tarragona XVIII Mediterranean Games, Tarragona was selected as the location for the 2018 Mediterranean Games.
It was also a nominee for the title of European Capital of Culture in 2016. The Tarragona is a partnership with: The Tarragona had a partnership with: Skip up to: a to " Tarragona Ajuntament". Skip up ^ "El municipi en ^ifres: Tarragona". Hop up ^ Silvia Orvietani Busch (2001). Mediterranean medieval ports:
Hop up Ausonius class. Skip up^ Mela, ii. 6; Pliny the Elder III. 3. s. 4. Skip up^ Ford's Manual of Spain, p. 222. Tacitus Ann. i. 78; Gaius Julius Solinus 23, 26; Polybius x. 34; Liby n. n.
Skip up ^ Antonine itinerary p. 391, 396, 399, 399, 448, 452. Skip up to: a l l. c. Skip up ^ Mart. x. 104, iii. Italic. iii. 369, xv. 177; Plin. xiv. 6. s. 8, xt. 1. s. 2. Skip high ^ Grut.
Leap high ^ Antiques Commission of the Royal Academy of History: catalogues and directories, Catalonia. Climb to ^ "The five-year height of the Tarragona Harbour means more space for Bergé". Skip up ^ "Confirmat l'ajornament deels Jocs Mediterranis de Tarragona Fins al 2018". Skip up ^ "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Reús / Aeropuerto".
Skip to the top ^ "Climatologica. The Estragones. Skip up ^ "Jumelages et Relations Internationales - Avignon". Skip to the "French French Country Guide to Decentralised Cooperation and Other External Actions". Leap up ^ "45 zum de jumelage: Histoire de cités Le jumelage à Voiron"[45 years of partnership: the story of Voiron's twinned towns].
Skip up ^ "Tarragona (Spain) ^ "Tarragona (Spain) : a friendly city Links built around the Chartreuse" [Tarragona, Spain: friendly city Voiron]. The Wikimedia Commons has medias that refer to Tarragona.