sspan class="mw-headline" id="History">History
Tarif a is a small city in the city of Cádiz, Andalusia, on the most southern coastline of the Spanish continent. Above all, it is known as one of the world's most beloved goals for windsurfing. Situated on the Costa de la Luz ("Coast of Light") and opposite the Strait of Gibraltar opposite Morocco.
With exactly 36° it is the most southern point of continental Europe, southern of the two capitals Tunis and Algiers. Gavdos is also one of the most southern points of geographical Europe, with only Malta, Cyprus and the most southern greek island of Crete and Gavdos further southwards, where Gavdos is the most southern point of Europe.
Punta de Tarifa is the most southern point of mainland Europe. Tarifa is the economic centre of several towns in the community, such as Tahivilla, Facinas and Bolonia. Tarifa was believed to have been the site of the ancient city of Julia Transducta (also known as Julia Joza, or simply Transducta).
It is believed, however, that this colony was now where Algeciras is today, while Tarifa may have been the site of the Mellaria colony. 1 ] Tarifa received its present name after the assault of Tarif ibn Malik in 710, a Berber army commandant of Musa bin Nusayr. Bolonia near Tarifa was also inhabited in ancient Rome (called Baelo Claudia).
Near the town there are still today remains of ancient Rome. Following the Muslim invasion of the south of Spain, the fortress of the town began in the tenth centuries. Later, Tarifa was kept by the Taiwan of Algeciras (1031) and Seville (1057) and later by the Almoravids. Following its downfall, it spent a brief time living under another of Algeciras' daisies (1231) until it became part of the kingdom of Granada.
Captured by Sancho IV of Castile in 1292, two years later it defied a military invasion by Muslim Northerners. In 1340 the city defied another invasion by Morrocan forces and led to the battle of the Salado River. During the Peninsula War, Tarifa was sieged by France on 20 December 1810 and again on 18 December 1811.
On both occasions the city was protected by Gibraltar armies as the Spaniards and Britons were allied against the French. When Tarifa was besieged in 1811-12, there were 3,000 Defensive Forces, 1,200 of which were Britons, Colonel Charles Holloway being the Royal Engineer in command who improved Tarifa's defence.
It is sometimes attributed to Tarifa that it is the source of the term "customs", since it was the first harbour in historical times to make traders responsible for the use of its ports, but other sources refer to the Arabian term ta'rïf as its ancestry. Tarifa " itself derives from the name of the Berber soldier Tarif ibn Malik.
Among the historic emblems of the town: the Remains of the ancient town of Baelo Claudia, near by. It has become a favourite place for North Europeans to enjoy their summer. Tarifa's exceptional winds have made the Playa de Los Lances, Valdevaqueros and Punta Paloma beach the most sought after windsurfing and kitesurfing spots in Europe.
Made by the Strait of Gibraltar, the hopper produces a venturi effect when either the Levant (east African wind) or Poniente (west Atlantic wind) blows. In Tarifa, these two breezes dominate for over 300 consecutive trading day in most years, which means that Tarifa enjoys unusually powerful and constant breezes throughout the year.
Furthermore, localized thermic currents in places like Valdevaqueros mean that it is often possible to sail and kiteboard in Tarifa even in weak winds These singular currents are also the reasons why Tarifa is littered with innumerable windpower plants. Tarif a is situated within the Intercontinental Mediterranean Biosphere Reserve, a well-known place for the observation of migratory bird species, in particular stork, which traverse the Strait of Gibraltar in early and late May.
It is known for its African Film Festival, the first of which took place in 2004. Between Tarifa and Tangier (40 minutes) and Ceuta (1 hour) there are frequent connections from the harbour. Busses depart from the Batalla de Salado street terminal. Between Tarifa and Algeciras there are frequent connections, about 20 km NE and Seville about 200 km NE.
There is a dedicated kite surfing coach on the motorway axis 7 between Tarifa coach terminal and Camping Jardin de las Dunas in midsummer, which stops at favourite accommodation and camping sites along the way. It is about 5 walking min. from the coach terminal and is situated just outside the Puerto de Jerez (main gate to the old town) at the intersection of Avenida Andalucia and Calle Batalla de Salado.
It has a Mediterranean temperate environment with marine influence, hot summer and very gentle winter, and it is much colder than the Mediterranean ones in places such as Málaga and Almería further eastwards, in Huelva and the Algarve coasts of Portugal further westwards, and near Gibraltar and Tangier, making it an extremely harsh environment.
Tarifa is portrayed in 1986 in Paulo Coehlo's global bestselling novel The Alchemist. One of the main characters, a young herdsman, travels the streets to see an artist of dreaming and ask him to perform a recurring fantasy he had twice. There is a drama in his story when he encounters an old Salem queen called Melchisedek on an urban market square.
Estudios Tarifeños Revista. "Tarifa winds | Levante, Poniente, thermal and Venturi effect make Tarifa's winds unique". www.graykite.surf. Tarifa". Commons Wikimedia has related Tarifa related newsletters. The Wikivoyage has a guidebook for Tarifa.